Chapter 16 Practice Quiz

Chapter 16 Practice Quiz

Andrew Johnson believed that Reconstruction should _______.
Select one:
a. guarantee that the Southern ruling class would not regain power
b. treat the South as a conquered nation
c. return the South to its prewar system, minus slavery
d. follow the plan that had been outlined by Lincoln
e. guarantee the civil rights of the freedmen
a. guarantee that the Southern ruling class would not regain power
The term “Reconstruction” refers to the _______.
Select one:
a. treatment of African Americans after emancipation
b. struggle at Gettysburg
c. attempt to rebuild the city of Atlanta
d. attempt to change Southern ideas about slavery
e. period immediately following the Civil War
e. period immediately following the Civil War
The Redeemers _______.
Select one:
a. believed in the principles of laissez-faire and white supremacy
b. continued the policies established during Reconstruction
c. offered new programs for working people and tenant farmers
d. were mostly members of the old planter aristocracy
e. were loyal to the principles of the antebellum South
a. believed in the principles of laissez-faire and white supremacy
What was the main implication behind Black Codes?
Select one:
a. Southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servitude.
b. The idea of “separate but equal” was unconstitutional and would not be allowed.
c. Southerners were willing to allow African Americans legal equality.
d. Southerners were interested in improving the education of the freedmen.
e. The freedmen would be allowed to vote and participate in the political process.
a. Southerners wanted African Americans to return to positions of servitude.
What was the main belief of the Radical Republicans?
Select one:
a. that the rights of freedmen should be insured by the federal government
b. that there was an inherent equality between races
c. that Reconstruction policy should be initiated by the president
d. that the process of Reconstruction should be completed quickly
e. that the South should be treated with sympathy and compassion
a. that the rights of freedmen should be insured by the federal government
What was a result of the congressional elections of 1866?
Select one:
a. The Radical Republicans lost ground in Congress.
b. The results served as a referendum on the Fourteenth Amendment.
c. Johnson’s re-election campaign got a big boost.
d. Democrats regained control of the House, but not the Senate.
e. Johnson’s Reconstruction policies were supported at the polls.
b. The results served as a referendum on the Fourteenth Amendment.
Why did the House of Representatives impeach President Johnson?
Select one:
a. because he vetoed the First and Second Reconstruction Acts
b. because he attempted to abolish the Freedmen’s Bureau
c. because he dismissed officers in the Southern military districts
d. because he opposed the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment
e. because he challenged the Tenure of Office Act by removing the Secretary of War
e. because he challenged the Tenure of Office Act by removing the Secretary of War
How did former slaves’ ideas about their freedom conflict with the ideas of their Northern allies?
Select one:
a. Their Northern allies felt that freed blacks should continue with their communal work system, but freed blacks wanted to take part in the piecework system.
b. Their Northern allies wanted freed blacks to continue working on plantations for white planters, but African Americans did not want to return to plantation life.
c. Freed blacks wanted to continue with a family-based communal work system, but Northerners wanted them to become individual wage earners.
d. Freed blacks wanted to move to the North and begin new lives, but their Northern allies felt they needed to stay in the South.
c. Freed blacks wanted to continue with a family-based communal work system, but Northerners wanted them to become individual wage earners.
What was the public’s general impression of Ulysses S. Grant?
Select one:
a. He gained wide support among Democrats.
b. He was always considered above reproach.
c. He could not resolve the problems of the times.
d. He took strong actions to protect Southern Republicans.
e. He served as a dynamic and forceful president.
c. He could not resolve the problems of the times.
What was the main reason for the Ku Klux Klan’s success in the South after 1868?
Select one:
a. its support from the Southern state Republican governments
b. its centralized political organization
c. the persistent threat of a violent black uprising
d. popular support from whites of all social classes
e. the Force Act, which protected terrorist groups like the Klan
d. popular support from whites of all social classes
What did Republican leaders agree to do in order to ensure the election of Rutherford Hayes?
Select one:
a. end federal support for Southern radical regimes
b. continue federal support for Southern radical regimes
c. split control of Southern state governments with Democrats
d. offer lucrative positions to members of the electoral commission
e. support fraudulent elections with federal troops
a. end federal support for Southern radical regimes
Why did Andrew Johnson resist the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Fourteenth Amendment?
Select one:
a. Johnson believed that his Republican supporters would never vote for him again if he backed equal rights for African Americans.
b. Johnson knew that these laws would only encourage terrorist organizations to form in opposition to them.
c. Johnson felt that by stating the rights of African Americans, state governments would be able to exploit legal loopholes.
d. Johnson felt that these laws did not grant equal rights to African Americans, and thus pushed for further legislation.
e. Johnson strongly supported states’ rights and felt that these laws did not allow states to manage their own affairs.
e. Johnson strongly supported states’ rights and felt that these laws did not allow states to manage their own affairs
President Lincoln’s Reconstruction plans were committed to _______.
Select one:
a. establishing racial equality for the freedmen
b. protecting the rights of African American citizens
c. rapidly readmitting the Southern states to the Union
d. sharing decisions with Congress on Reconstruction policies
e. punishing the South for provoking the Civil War
c. rapidly readmitting the Southern states to the Union
What was the legacy of Reconstruction for most African Americans?
Select one:
a. land ownership
b. successful entry into politics
c. poverty and discrimination
d. skilled factory jobs
e. the benefits of freedom
c. poverty and discrimination
Which of the following required 50 percent of Southern voters to take an oath of loyalty to the Union before the Southern states could regain their status as states?
Select one:
a. Fifteenth Amendment
b. Tenure of Office Act
c. Fourteenth Amendment
d. Wade-Davis Bill
e. Loyalty Act
d. Wade-Davis Bill
President Andrew Johnson eventually was _______.
Select one:
a. opposed by Radical Republicans
b. admired by wealthy Southern planters
c. loved by most African Americans
d. compromising in his actions and policies
e. determined to carry on with Lincoln’s plans
a. opposed by Radical Republicans
Which of the following constitutional amendments attempted to ensure the civil rights of former
slaves?
Select one:
a. Sixteenth
b. Thirteenth
c. Seventeenth
d. Fourteenth
e. Fifteenth
d. Fourteenth
The First Reconstruction Act of 1867 _______.
Select one:
a. guaranteed freedmen the right to vote in Southern elections
b. placed the South under military rule
c. recognized Southern state governments as legitimate
d. confiscated all property of ex-Confederates
e. supported the Black Codes
b. placed the South under military rule
During Reconstruction, most African Americans _______.
Select one:
a. had no opportunity for schooling
b. lived in integrated urban societies
c. left the South in overwhelming numbers
d. were able to become independent farmers
e. continued to work on rural farms
e. continued to work on rural farms
What amendment to the Constitution states that no person could be denied the right to vote because of race, color or previous condition of servitude?
Select one:
a. Fourteenth
b. Eleventh
c. Fifteenth
d. Thirteenth
e. Twelfth
c. Fifteenth