Chapter 17 US-History vocab

George Marshall II
Army chief of staff during World War I
Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)
Women volunteers who served in non-combat positions
A. Philip Randolph
Important African-American labor leader
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Manhattan Project
Secret research project that resulted in the Atomic Bomb
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
Agency of the federal government that fought inflation
War Production Board (WPB)
Government agency that decided which companies would make war materials and how to distribute raw materials
Rationing
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American general who led the American forces and defeated German troops under Erwin Rommel.
D-Day
Allied invasion to liberate Europe
Omar Bradley
American general who opened a huge hole in the German lines.
George Patton
American general who liberated Paris in August. When Omar Bradley opened a huge hole in the German lines, it allowed Patton do to this
Battle of the Bulge
German counteroffensive in December 1944
V-E Day
Victory in Europe Day, May 8, 1945
Harry S. Truman
33rd president of the US
Douglas MacArthur
American commander in the Philippines
Chester Nimitz
Commander of American naval forces in the Pacific
Battle of Midway
American victory that was the turning point in the Pacific War
Kamizkaze
Japanese suicide flight
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Scientist who led the Manhattan Project
Hiroshima
City that was the site of the first atomic-bomb drop in Japan
Nagasaki
Japanese city that was the site of the second atomic-bomb drop
Nuremberg Trials
Tribunal that tried Nazi leaders for war crimes
GI Bill of Rights
Law passed by Congress to help servicemen readjust to civilian life
James Farmer
Civil rights leader who founded the Congress of Racial Equality
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Interracial organization formed to fight discrimination
Internment
Confinement under guard, especially during wartime
Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
Civil rights group formed by Japanese Americans

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