Chapter 17 World History Vocabulary

Chapter 17 World History Vocabulary

Appeasement
Policy of giving in to an aggressor’s demands in order to keep the peace.
Pacifism
Opposition to all war.
Neutrality Acts
A group of laws enacted by the United States to avoid involvement in a European conflict.
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Francisco Franco
A conservative Spanish general supported by Fascists and Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War; later became dictator.
Anschluss
Union of Austria and Germany.
Sudetenland
A region of Czechoslovakia.
Nazi-Soviet Pact
A nonaggression pact uniting Germany and the Soviet Union.
Blitzkrieg
“Lightning war” using improved tanks and airpower.
Luftwaffe
German air force.
Dunkirk
Site of British troops stranded in France, and their rescue by sea.
Vichy
Location in France of Germany’s “puppet state.”
General Erwin Rommel
German general known as the “Desert Fox.”
Concentration Camps
Nazi detention and killing centers for civilians considered enemies of the state.
Holocaust
The systematic genocide of about six million European Jews by the Nazis during World War II.
Lend-Lease Act
Law allowing FDR to sell or lend war materials to those who were fighting for freedom.
Rosie the Riveter
The character who symbolized the millions of women working in essential war industry jobs.
Aircraft Carrier
A ship from which aircraft can take off and land.
Dwight Eisenhower
A decorated World War II general who later became president of the United States.
Stalingrad
Site of one of the costliest battles of the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.
D-Day
June 6, 1944, the day of the Allies’ invasion of France.
Yalta Conference
The February 1945 meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin where they agreed on the Soviet Union’s joining the Pacific war, and on postwar arrangements.
Sanctions
Penalties.
Technology
Scientific advances applied to practical purposes.
Available
Ready for use; at hand.
Nullified
Made invalid.
Incessant
Uninterrupted, ceaseless.
Inevitable
Unavoidable, inescapable.