Chapter 20 US history test

Chapter 20 US history test

“Normalcy”
A return to “normal” life after the war.
Red Scare
Period in US when there was a suspicion of communism and fear of widespread infultration of communists in the US government.
isolationism
A national policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs. The general theme of American Foreign policy in the 1920s.
Washington Naval Conference
1921 – President harding invited delegates from Europe and Japan, and they agreed to limit production of war ships, to not attack each other’s possessions, and to respect China’s independence.
Kellogg-Briand Pact
1928 – Fourteen nations signed this agreement in Paris, and most other nations gave assent later. This feature allowed America to maintain its isolationist stance rather than entangle itself in the web of international politics.
Fordney-McCumber Tariff
1922 – This high tariff, which would be supplanted by an even higher tariff in 1930, established a nearly insurmountable wall preventing European trade with the United States.
Dawes Plan
The American plan to loan money to Germany, who would pay their reparations to France and Britain, who would pay back their debt to America, which created a win-win for everyone, and made they people happy and thought that peace was possible.
Warren G. Harding
Was the 29th President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death from a heart attack in 1923.
Return to “normalcy”
Was U.S. Presidential candidate Warren Harding’s campaign promise in the election of 1920.
Teapot Dome Scandal
Secretary of the Interior (Albert Fall) leased government land in California and at Teapot Dome, Wyoming to 2 oil executives- Fall became the first Cabinet official to be sent to prison, and this act was later know as the _____________.
Calvin Coolidge
Became president when Harding died. Tried to clean up scandals. Business prospered and people’s wealth increased.
Herbert Hoover
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Al Smith
Governor of New York four times, and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928. He was the first Roman Catholic and Irish-American to run for President as a major party nominee. He lost the election to Herbert Hoover.
Albert Einstein
This 20th Century scientist revolutionized the way scientists thought about space, time and matter, the most notable being his theory of relativity.
Theory of Relativity
The theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts.
Sigmund Freud
Austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation; founded psychoanalysis.
Charles A. Lindbergh
He was the first person to fly to paris france a trans atlantic flight. He flew around the eifel tower and arrived in paris.
Sacco-Vanzetti Case
1920 – Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti allegedly murdered two men in connection with a robbery in South Braintree. What was this case called? (It’s so obvious, that if you don’t get it right, I will come through this computer screen and slap you.)
National Origins Act
1924 – was a United States federal law that limited the number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country to 2% of the number of people from that country who were already living in the United States in 1890, according to the Census of 1890. It excluded immigration of Asians, first was from 3%.
Ku Klux Klan
A secret organization that used terrorist tactics in an attempt to restore white supremacy in Southern states after the Civil War.
Al Capone
A mob king in Chicago who controlled a large network of speakeasies with enormous profits. His illegal activities convey the failure of prohibition in the twenties and the problems with gangs.
fundamentalism
insistence on what people perceive as the historical form of their religion, in contrast to more contemporary influences. this ideal sometimes takes extreme, rigidly exclusive, or violent forms.
fundamentalist-modernist controversy
This battle was waged over doctrine and the control of the schools, mission boards, and institutions of the major denominations.
John T. Scopes
a science teacher who challenged the ban in Tennessee as unconstitutional and decided to test the law in the courts, he asked a friend to file suit against him for teaching evolution this was known as a popular case. (The _______ Trial.)
Radio
Emerged during the 1920s and contained stations such as church services, news, music and sports.
KDKA
First commercial broadcasting station
Installment Plans
Customers could buy goods by making a small down payment followed by additional monthly payments with interest.
Speculation
The practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of getting a huge return.
Bull Market
A period of increased stock trading and rising stock prices.
“On the Margin”
In this process investors would purchase stock through a broker but pay only a percentage of the purchase price.
Black Tuesday
October 29, 1929, the day the stock market crashed
Stock Market Crash
The Stock Market Crash was when, flooded with investments (particularly those buying “on margin, or paying a fraction of the total price or a transaction and the broker lending the trader the rest), the Stock Market crashed after those who bought on margin were forced to either put up more money or sell their stock, choosing to sell. Thousands of people sold their stocks at once, and a financial panic ensued.