Chapter 28 AP World History

Chapter 28 AP World History

Osman
the founder of the Ottoman empire (1289-1923) him and his followers sought to be ghazi, and they waged many holy wars
Mehmed the Conqueror
conquered Constantinople in 1453, which opened up the door to Ottoman expansion. He planned to expand the empire to Europe
Suleyman the Magnificent
Ottoman imperialism climaxed in his reign (1520-1566). He promoted expansion and made Ottoman a major naval power
Shah Ismail
Took revenge on enemies of his family by claiming the Persain title “Shah” (r. 1501-1524) willing to use whatever force to switch people’s religions
Shah Abbas
Revitalized the Safavid empire by encouraging trade (r. 1588-1629) He strengthened the military and led them to many victories. Brought northwestern Iran, Caucaus and Mesopotamia under Safavid rule
Babur
A Turk who claimed decent from Chinggis Khan and Tamerlagne. He wanted to build a big empire, and he did, but it was loosely constructed and administered. It was called the Mughal empire
Akbar
architect of Mughal empire (r. 1556-1605), built a centralized administrative structure, “laid down the law”, in conquered lands, wanted reduced religious tensions and encouraged syncretic faiths
Aurangzeb
reached Mughal height (r 1659-1707) pushed into South India, faced rebellion because he destroyed Hindu temples to put up mosques and taxed Hindus to encourage conversion to Islam
Ottomans
a successful frontier state around the Mediterranean Sea, completely over Anatolia and parts of Egypt (1289-1923)
Safavids
a dynasty located in Iran and part of Armenia (1501-1722)
Mughals
a dynasty located in India, taking all but the southern tip (1526-1858)
Ghazi
Muslim religious warriors “the ghazi is the instrument of the religion of Allah, a servant of God who purifies the earth from the filth of polytheism…”
Janissaries
boys who learned Islam and became soldiers who had a reputation for loyalty to the sultan and readiness to use new military technology
Twelver Shiism
the religion that shah Ismail imposed; there were 12 infallible iams (religious leaders) after Muhammad that went into hiding and would come spread their religion someday
Qizilbash
followers of Twelver Shiism who wore red hats with 12 pleats
Taj Mahal
a tomb for Shan Jhan’s wife and represented the Islamic judgement day, very elaborate and expensive, signifies the wealth