Chapter 5 Section 3: The Two-Party System in American History

Federalists
Period of Dominance: Strong before 1800
Supporters: Businessmen and wealthy people
Leaders: Alexander Hamilton
Jeffersonian Republicans
Period of Dominance: 1800-1820s
Supporters: Common people
Leaders: Thomas Jefferson
Jacksonian Democrats
Period of Dominance: 1820’s-1830’s
Supporters: Small farmers, debtors, landowners, planters
Leaders: Andrew Jackson
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Whigs
Period of Dominance: 1830-1850’s
Supporters: Bankers, Merchants, Industialist, Planters
Leaders: Clay, Webster, Harrison Taylor
Republicans
Period of Dominance: 1860-1932
Supporters: Business & financial interests, labors, farmers, African Americans
Leaders: Lincoln, Taft, T. Roosevelt, McKinley, Fremont
Post Civil-War Democrats
Period of Dominance: never dominated outside the South
Supporters: The South
Leaders: Bryan, Wilson
New Deal Democrats
Period of Dominance: 1932-1968
Supporters: South, small farmers, organized labor, big city political organizations, minorities
Leaders: Truman, Kennedy, Johnson
Era of the Democrats Major Issues
conflict over land, second bank of US, high tarriffs, slavery
Era of the Republicans Major Issues
Civil War, Reconstruction, Great Depression
Return of the Democrats
Great Depression, New Deal, WW2, Kennedy assasination
incumbent
currently holding office
faction
a conflicting group
electorate
all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
sectionalism
a narrow-minded concern for, or devotion to, the interests of one section of a country

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