chapter 5 world history quizlet

Minoans
Civilization that lasted almost 2,000 years and was heavily involved in seafaring (to travel by sea) and colonization
Mycenaenans
Considered the first Greeks because they spoke the first form of early Greek (duh)
Polis
A city-state of ancient Greece
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Acropolis
A walled, high area surrounding a Polis
Agora
An open area that served as a meeting place and market in early Greek city-states
Helots
In ancient Greece, state slaves
Hoplites
Foot soldiers in ancient Greece
Democracy
A government run by the people
Salon
Gatherings in which intellectual and political ideas were exchanged during the enlightenment
Tyrant
A strong man who got his power by using force and claimed rule for the “good of the people” (probably not good for all the people)
Cleisthenes
Was a noble Athenian who reformed the constitution of Athens and made it a democracy, and he is considered “the father of the Athenian democracy”
Direct Democracy
A type of governing system where all people vote directly on an issue (remember directly for direct democracy)
Phalanx
A military formation composed of rows of soldiers standing shoulder carrying heavy spears
Pericles*
Athenian statesman; he was all for the spread of democracy in Athens and the grow in its power.
Socrates*
Greek philosopher of Athens he liked to teach people how to ask questions, and he wanted people to question their own beliefs. He was sentenced to death for challenging authority
Plato*
Another Greek philosopher, but he became a philosopher after Socrates because Socrates taught him. STARTED A SCHOOL IN ATHENS CALLED THE ACADEMY. In the republic he describes how it would be really cool if philosophers ruled instead of kings
Aristotle*
Another Greek philosopher and a student of Plato, and he was really big on logic and said it what the tool for anything.
Homer*
This guy was a poet, he wrote two very famous epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey which both tell stories of the Trojan war.
Herodotus*
He was a historian; His most famous work “the histories” which describes the major things of the Persian war
Thuycides*
Greek historian of Athens, noted for things that he did that no one had ever done before
Alexander the Great
King of Macedonia and conqueror of much of Asia; he is considered one of the greatest generals of all time (but then he was poisoned bc no one liked him)
Phillip
Father to Alexander the Great
Hellenistic
The blending of Greek cultures of those with Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia
Euclid
Greek geometer (really good at geometry)-created practical and mathematics
Eratosthenes
Greek astronomer and geographer, calculated circumference of the globe (I thought Christopher Columbus did that???)
Archimedes
Greek mathematics and inventor, he was known for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics (seems really boring tho)
King Minos
King of Crete
Labrynth
Prison or maze where prisoners were eaten alive by the Minotaur (ew)
Minotaur
Half man, Half bull
Sir Arthur Evans
Discovered ruins of Crete in 1878
Poseidon
God of the sea and earthquakes
Agaeus
King of Athens
Ineseus
The prince of Athens

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