Chapter 7 Test Political Parties, Participation, and Elections

Chapter 7 Test Political Parties, Participation, and Elections

When voting __________ often provide a central cue for citizens to cast informed votes.
Political Parties
The Presidential Election Campaign Fund is made up of contributions from
individual taxpayers
An election in which voters can participate in the nomination of candidates, but only of the party in which they are enrolled, is a
closed primary
Joe walks into his voting station and the election judge asks him which party’s ballot he would like to vote on today. Joe is in an
open primary state
Historically, political parties have been most useful for the _____________ class to achieve political power.
poor and working
For most citizens, which of the following is the most common form of political participation?
Voting
According to the authors, who benefits from the American system of private funding of campaigns?
Wealthy interest groups
Vigorous political parties _______ voter turnout
promote
The biggest influence on an individual’s vote choice is
partisan loyalty.
_______ are the hallmark of political participation in a democracy
Elections
What is the maximum amount of money an individual may contribute to any one candidate in any single election?
$2,300
The _______ gives citizens greater access to political information and, at least potentially, a greater role in politics than ever before
Internet
527s and 501 C (4)s are groups that play a significant role in American politics because they
spent more than $1 billion in the 2008 campaign.
In 2003, Californians voted out Governor Gray Davis. This election was unusual because
he lost in a rare recall effort
What percentage of American voters went online for election information or to discuss politics in 2008?
50%
What factor is most significant in informing our understanding of voting in elections?
Socioeconomic status and attitudes about politics
Individuals with limited resources often depend on _________ to promote their interests and policy preferences
interest groups
The right of candidates to spend their own money on running for office is protected by
the First Amendment right of free speech
As compared to other democracies around the world, voter turnout in America is
substantially lower
Which of the following affects voters’ ability to make choices on the basis of issue or policy preferences
Whether candidates focus their campaigns on policy matters.
Members of the House of Representatives are selected by
single-member districts.
According to the authors, online participation is
increasing.
How big of a role does money play in American politics compared to other countries?
Much more
Approximately ____ of eligible voters turn out for midterm congressional elections
1/3
_______ are nonprofit independent groups that receive and distribute funds to influence the nomination, election, and defeat of a candidate
527s
In 1964, the Republican Party presidential nominee, _______ espoused a number of ideas, such as less taxation and less government regulation of the economy, that became major themes for the modern Republican Party
Barry Goldwater
True or False: Participation in elections has decreased significantly since 2000.
False
Private groups that raise and distribute funds for election campaigns are called
PACs
By using donor lists or magazine subscription lists, candidates are able to engage in
direct-mail solicitations
The Constitution:
is almost completely silent on the rules regarding how political parties must go about selecting a candidate to run for any elective office
It is likely that eliminating state-level voter registration laws will:
increase voter turnout among younger people
Partisan loyalty is likely to be highest in the election of:
a state legislator.
Which of the following statements about parties in Congress is FALSE?
Only members of the majority party are allowed to take part in the election of the Speaker of the House.
What issue led to the demise of the Whig Party?
Slavery
Three types of factors ________________________________ influence the decisions of voters at the polls:
partisan loyalty, issues, and the characteristics of candidates
Which of the following is not part of a country’s party system?
the parties’ social and institutional bases within the country
True or False: Most national elections in the United States use a system of proportional representation.
False
The “Era of Good Feelings” was:
the period of one-party politics from the collapse of the Federalist Party until the 1830s
True or False: Each major party’s national committee is responsible for nominating its party’s candidates for all federal offices
false.
An individual’s psychological attachment to one party or another is called a party:
identification
Which of the following statements concerning third parties is FALSE
The earliest third parties in the United States arose as a result of the Great Depression
Smaller and weaker parties are most likely to have electoral success under which system of elections?
Proportional representation
True or FALSE: No sitting politician has been recalled from office since the 1930s.
FALSE
How many party systems has the United States had since 1789?
6
True or false: Education is not a good predictor of who participates in politics
FALSE
Throughout its history, American politics has been dominated by
2 party system
True or false: Contemporary campaigns are capital intensive, rather than labor intensive.
True
Which of the following best indicated the downfall of the New Deal coalition?
Richard Nixon’s election in 1968
Which of the following statements about youth participation in the 2008 presidential election is true?
Youth turnout rose in 2008 and most young people voted for Barack Obama.
Which of the following is NOT covered by the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act?
Individual contributions to 501c(4) and 527 committees
Third-party candidates are better off under what system of election?
proportional representation
The majority of PACs represent:
business and professional groups
______ committees are an important part of the American political system because they are able to raise and spend unlimited amounts of money as long as they do not coordinate their activities with a political party
527s
During the 1980s, under the leadership of Ronald Reagan, which two groups did the Republican Party add to their coalition?
religious conservatives and working-class whites
True or False: Online politics lowers the barriers for entry, making it easier for people to participate in ways that require less effort
True
Which famous American, in his farewell address, encouraged his fellow citizens to shun partisan politics?
George Washington
Non electoral forms of participation usually require more:
time, money, and effort than voting.
In 2008, volunteering for a political campaign was:
a less common activity than contributing money
The United States began its tradition of the ______________ during the early eighteenth century
two-party system
True or false: Between the Civil War and the 1960s, the South was a bastion of support for the Republican Party.
False
The New Deal coalition was severely strained and ultimately broken apart by:
the Vietnam War and the issue of civil rights
The first party system was characterized by conflict between the ______ and the ______.
Jeffersonian Republicans; Federalists
True or false: PACs can make larger campaign contributions than individuals are legally allowed to make.
True
Since the Eisenhower presidency,
Republicans have paid much more attention to party building than Democrats
The Federalist Party disappeared forever as a result of:
the War of 1812
Which of the following was NOT a date of an electoral realignment?
1994
Which of the following statements about voting rights is correct?
Some states have laws restricting the voting rights of persons convicted of felonies.
Which of the following statements about partisan identification in the United States is most accurate?
Party identification varies significantly by income, race, and gender.
Which of the following is not a key factor in indicating one’s level of participation?
geographic region
Which group was NOT a part of the New Deal coalition?
business leaders
State ballot access laws, such as registration fees and petition requirements, have the effect of
reducing the number of third-party and independent candidates who can run for office
Throughout American history, which of the following was NOT a common restriction the government placed on voting rights?
Occupational requirement
Which of the following politicians has been recalled from office?
California Governor Gray Davis (2003)
What were the two major parties in the United States during the 1830s and 1840s?
the Democrats and the Whigs
By 2012, there were approximately____________ PACs in the United States
5,500
True or false: Most electoral districts in the United States are multimember districts
false
How many times in American history has the presidential candidate who won the most popular votes not been selected by the Electoral College?
3
Which group is best adapted to organizing the lower classes?
Political party
From 1896 to 1932, the ____________ was the nation’s majority party
Republican Party
True or false: The Electoral College cannot elect any candidate who has not also won the popular vote
false
Generally speaking, a recall effort begins with:
a petition campaign
The __________ is the last example of indirect voting in national elections
Electoral College
Between the Civil War and the 1960s, the _____ was a Democratic stronghold
south
Which of the following is a reason for the low U.S. voter registration rate?
Citizens are responsible for registering themselves; the government does not do it for them.
Politicians attempt to “balance the ticket” with members of many important groups because:
voters tend to prefer candidates who are closer to themselves in terms of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, geography, and social background
If George W. Bush won the plurality of votes in Texas during the 2000 election, and Texas had thirty representatives in the House of Representatives, how many electoral votes from Texas did Bush win?
32