Chapter 8,9,10,11 SYG 2430

Chapter 8,9,10,11 SYG 2430

Cohabiting couples are __________ as likely as marrieds to be interracial.
twice
Which state prohibits same-sex couple adoption, although it does allow them to serve as foster parents?
Florida
The sex ratio is the ratio of __________ in a given society or subgroup of a society.
men to women
An emerging alternative to marriage is __________, where a couple is engaged in a long-term relationship, but each partner also maintains a separate dwelling.
living alone together
The text points out that when we think of singlehood as a(n) __________, we realize that not all singles are socially unattached, disconnected, or isolated.
continuum
Sociologists who argue that singles weigh the costs against the benefits of marrying are utilizing the __________ perspective.
exchange
People’s reasons for __________ often include the belief that marriage signifies loss of identity or stifles partners’ communication and equality.
cohabiting
Compared to married couples, cohabitors are all EXCEPT which of the following?
older
Some adults who live with their parents have never moved out, but others — called _________ — have left home and then returned.
boomerangers
In 2000, __________ became the first country to allow same-sex partners to marry. Some other European countries, as well as Canada, now allow same-sex marriage.
the Netherlands
The text points out that Puerto Rican women have a long history of
consensual marriages
Individuals living alone now make up __________ percent of U.S. households.
28
The text observes that the psychological burden of infertility may fall especially hard on
professional, goal-oriented individuals.
Jimmy is an adoptive child. Before his adoption was finalized, he was returned to the agency that handled his case. This reflects which of the following?
disrupted adoption
The text offers several explanations for the drop in overall fertility levels. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
an increase in sexual abstinence
According to the text, for as long as most people can remember, the words “teenage pregnancy” have been associated with which word?
problem
Which of the following nations has the highest total fertility rate among developed nations?
the United States
When parents are interviewed, they report a variety of emotional satisfactions from having children. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
the assurance that they would be well cared for in their old age
Traditionally in American society, children were viewed as
economic assets.
Chuck and Lisa arranged an adoption with a birth mother through an attorney. This example reflects all EXCEPT which of the following types of adoption?
lawyer-assisted
The value of children perspective has more recently been supplemented by a(n) __________ perspective on the benefits of parenthood.
social capital
The diaphragm was invented in
1883.
On average, American women are now having around __________ children each.
2
As noted in the text, which of the following terms is often used now instead of the more negative sounding childless?
childfree
Ethnicity is often associated with __________.
religious belief
Research by Straus and his colleagues show that children who have been frequently spanked by their parents, are
more likely to have behavior problems later in life, as well as depression.
The hope that research in child development offers to parents who make mistakes is that children can be surprisingly __________.
resilient
As wards of the court, foster children are financially supported by
the state.
It is estimated that __________ children under age 18 are living in a grandparent’s household.
more than 3.6 million
Working-class parents tend to use which model of parenting?
the facilitation of natural growth
The text points out that children today face demands for achievement from schools, church, recreational organizations, peers and, of course, parents. This “scheduled hyperactivity can produce the “__________ child,” who is forced to assume too many challenges and responsibilities too soon.
hurried
The text points out that being frequently spanked in childhood is NOT linked to
the responsible use of alcohol and other drugs.
__________ parenting combines warm emotional support for children with a demand for significant respect for parents and other authority figures, including older extended family members.
Hierarchical
Some Muslims children who wear headscarves, called __________, may be subject to ridicule and discrimination.
hijab
Which parenting style is characterized by low parental monitoring but high parental warmth?
permissive-indulgent
Asian American parents often used the Confucian training doctrine, which stresses all EXCEPT which of the following qualities?
corporal punishment
___________ are biological or, much less often, adoptive fathers who do not live with their children.
Nonresident fathers
Which of the following is NOT one of the elements discussed in the text that are suggested as desirable in selecting a child-care facility?
the largest play spaces
Recent research suggests that men are more apt to see women’s employment as a benefit. As a result, the text points out, there is an ideological shift toward
egalitarianism.
The text observes that a little over half of home-based workers are women. Besides catching up on work, the reason they give most often for working at home is
to coordinate work with personal/family needs.
Men continue to dominate corporate America. In 2010, less than __________ percent of the highest-earning executives in Fortune 500 companies were women.
3
__________ involves an employee being able to take an extended period of time from work, either paid or unpaid, for maternity, paternity, ill-child and elder-care purposes.
Family leave
__________ involves providing assistance with daily living activities to an elderly relative who is chronically frail, ill, disabled, or just in need of assistance.
Elder care
In 2009, almost ____________ of mothers of children under fifteen in married-couple families were stay-at-home mothers, wives of steadily employed men, who were temporarily out of the labor force for the entire year to “take care of home and family.”
one-quarter
Some large corporations demonstrate interest in effecting __________ workplace policies that are supportive of employee efforts to combine family and work commitments.
family-friendly
Research has shown that the quality of child care is higher when certain conditions are present. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
a non-interference policy involving parents
The term __________ refers to child care provided in a caregiver’s home.
family child care
According to the text’s discussion of child care workers, these women are often __________.
poorly paid
Today, the statistical norm among married couples is the __________ marriage.
two-earner
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics from 2006, wives earn more than their husbands in __________ percent of couples.
25