CHAPTER 9 ANSWER KEY

CHAPTER 9 ANSWER KEY

Continental army officers attempting to form the Society of the Cincinnati
were ridiculed for their lordly pretensions.
The American Revolution was
an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution
The world’s first antislavery society was founded by
Quakers in Philadelphia.
As part of the egalitarian movement of the American Revolution,
several northern states abolished slavery.
Early signs of the abolitionist movement can be seen in the
emancipation of some slaves
The Founding Fathers failed to eliminate slavery because
a fight over slavery might destroy national unity
As a result of the Revolution’s emphasis on equality, all of the following were achieved except
full equality between white women and men
The most important outcome of the Revolution for white women was that they
were elevated as special keepers of the nation’s conscience.
As written documents, the state constitutions were intended to
represent a fundamental law superior to ordinary legislation
As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions
required the annual election of legislators.
As a result of the Revolution, many state capitals were relocated westward
to get them away from the haughty eastern seaports
One reason the United States avoided the frightful excesses of the French Revolution is that
Cheap land was easily available and America had few landed aristocrats.
It was highly significant to the course of future events that
Economic democracy preceded political democracy in the United States
The economic states of the average American at the end of the Revolutionary War was
Probably worse than before the war
Immediately after the Revolution, the new American nation’s greatest strength lay in its
Excellent political leadership.
The Second Continental Congress of Revolutionary days
Was little more than a conference of ambassadors with very limited power.
The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when
All states claiming western lands surrendered them to the national government.
The major issue that delayed ratification of the Articles of Confederation concerned
Western lands
The Articles of Confederation left Congress unable to
Enforce a tax-collection program.
A major strength of the Articles of Confederation was its
presentation of the ideal of a united nation
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
established a procedure for governing the Old Northwest territory
On of the most farsighted provisions of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
prohibited slavery in the Old Northwest
The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for all of the following except
prohibiting slavery
Match each nation on the left with the correct description of the problem it presented for U.S. foreign relations following the Revolutionary War.
A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1 (just remember that “Britain occupied a chain of trading forts in the Old Northwest” and you can eliminate the rest)
After the Revolutionary War, both Britain and Spain
prevented America from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory
Shays’ Rebellion was provoked by
foreclosures on the mortgages of backcountry farmers.
Shays’ Rebellion convinced many Americans of the need for
a stronger central government
Under the Articles of Confederation, the relationship between the 13 states
convinced many that a stronger central government was needed.
The debate between the supporters and critics of the Articles of Confederation centered on how to
reconcile states’ rights with strong national government
The issue that finally touched off the movement toward the Constitutional Convention was
control of commerce
By the time the Constitution was adopted in 1789,
prosperity was beginning to return
The Constitutional Convention was called to
revise the Articles of Confederation
Which of the following Revolutionary leaders was not present at the Constitutional Convention?
Thomas Jefferson
The delegate whose contributions to the Philadelphia Convention were so notable that he has been called the “Father of the Constitution” was
James Madison
The delegates at the Constitutional Convention were concerned mainly with
protecting America from its weaknesses abroad and its excesses at home
Most of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention could best be labeled as
nationalists
Motives of the delegates to the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia include all of the following except
to increase individual freedom.
The “large-state plan” put forward in the Constitutional Convention
based representation in the House and Senate on population
The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention worked out an acceptable scheme for
apportioning congressional representation.
Under the Constitution, the president of the United States was to be elected by a majority vote of the
Electoral College
The idea that all tax measures should start in the House of Representatives was made to appease
the big states with the most people
The Constitutional Convention addressed the North-South controversy over slavery through the
“three-fifths” compromise
Which following is a compromise in the Constitution?
continuation of the foreign slave trade
The one branch of the government directly elected by the people is the
House of Representatives
The new Constitution established the idea that the only legitimate government was one based on
the consent of the governed.
The ultimate guarantor of liberty and justice was
the virtue of the people
The delegates at the Constitutional Convention stipulated that the new Constitution be ratified by
state conventions
The antifederalist camp included all of the following groups except
supporters of a strong central authority
Probably the most alarming characteristic of the new Constitution to those who opposed it was the
absence of a bill of rights
Among other views, The Federalist, written during the ratification debate, argued that it was
possible to extend a republican form of government over a large territory
Antifederalists believe that the sovereignty of the people resided in which branch of the central government?
legislative
The federalist believe that the sovereignty of the people resided in which branch of the central government?
all of the above (all branches & cabinet)
One of the enduring paradoxes of American history is that
both liberals and conservatives have championed the heritage of democratic revolution