Chapter 9: Christianity

Chapter 9: Christianity

The title Christ literally means the
Anointed one
Who emerged as the leader of the reform movement in the sixteenth century?
Martin Luther
In Christianity a sacred rite that is thought capable of transmitting the mystery of Christ to worshipers is known as
Sacrament
What is the central sacrament in most forms of Christianity?
Eucharist (Communion)
Name one current area of interest and study in Christian feminist theology
Female role models in the bible
The ecclesiastical court set up to investigate and suppress heresy was known as the
Inquisition
The belief that the bread and wine used in the rite of the Eucharist mysteriously transform into the body and blood of Christ is known as
Transubstantiation
Christians who focus on emotional spiritual experiences such as speaking in tongues are called?
Charismatics
While the gospels state that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, some scholars believe that he was born in
Nazareth
Christian beliefs such as the inerrancy of the Bible and the literal virgin birth of Mary are features of
Fundamentalism
All Christian Bibles contain a section of twenty-seven books known as what?
New testament
The first four books of the New Testament are called what?
Gospels
What is the central teaching of Jesus?
Love
Jesus taught primarily through the use of what method?
Parables
According to the Book of Acts, this event involving the sound of a whirling wind, tongues of fire, and speaking in foreign languages, and galvanized the Christian movement in action, was called?
Peritecost
Who, after persecuting Christians, converted and became one of Christianity’s early proponents and writers?
Paul/Saul
In the history of Christianity, the year 1054 is important because it was the year in which what happened?
West and East orthodox churches excommunicated each other
A major seat of Protestantism developed in Geneva under which reformer?
John Calvin
Reforms within the Roman Catholic Church during the era of the Protestant Reformation were expressed principally in what council?
Council of Trent
What is the name for the Christian celebration of Jesus’ resurrection?
Easter
What is the Communist Christian movement advocating concrete political action to help the poor called?
Libertarian theology
What do Evangelicals focus their Christianity upon?
Being “born again”
What Christian denomination is a spirit-oriented movement?
Pentecostal
What is Archbishop Desmond Tutu best known for?
Fighting apartheid
There is substantial historical evidence concerning the life of Jesus in sources other than gospels.
False
The first witnesses at Jesus’ empty tomb were women.
True
Paul insisted that all male converts to Christianity must be circumcised.
False
The transfiguration was when Jesus climbed a mountain, and Moses and Elijah appeared.
True
The relics of saints are often understood to have spiritual power.
True
Passion narratives relate the dedication to the church of the early Christian disciples.
False
The various orthodox churches are led by the supreme patriarch of Constantinople.
False
The Anglican Church broke away from the Eastern Orthodox Church.
False
One change brought about by the second Vatican council was services being held in local language rather than Latin.
True
John Calvin taught that salvation comes from good works alone.
False
The majority of the world’s Christians today are found in Europe and North America.
True