Chapter 9 Study Guide. World History.
1: What was the Industrial Revolution?
Increased output of machine made goods that began in England during the 18th century.
2: Which of the following was a result of the agricultural revolution?
Many small farmers became tenant farmers or moved to cities.
3: What were the three factors of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
Land, labor, and capital
4: What was the main cause of the process of urbanization that occurred in 19th century Britain and elsewhere in Western Europe?
Poor crop fields
5: How did landowners and aristocratics view wealthy members of the middle class?
Looked down apon
6: What did Britain do in order to keep industrial secrets from the United States?
Forbade engineers, mechanics, and tool makers from leaving the country.
7: What was the benefit of being a stockholder in a corporation?
Complete ownership of branch corperations, free goods produced by the corperation, and not personally resposible for its debts.
8: What is the laissez-faire policy?
A policy that led owners of industry set working conditions without government interference.
9: What is the name for the voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms?
10: Which of the following in an example of a reform movement?
Abolition of slavery, women’s rights, and public education.
11: True or false: In the United States, the Industrial Revolution began with the industrialization of the railroad industry.
False: textile industry.
12: True or false: The country of Belgium led Europe in adopting the industrial technology of Britain.
13: True or false: The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars accelerated the process of industrialization in Europe.
14: True or false: Being blockaded during the war of 1812 encouraged France to use it’s own resources to develop independent industries.
15: True or false: A corporation is a type of business owned by stockholders who share in its profits but are not personally responsible for its debts.