Chapter 9 U.S. history

Chapter 9 U.S. history

jefferson era
It is called the jefferson era because it is the time when Thomas Jefferson as well as one of his proteges was president
the louisiana purchase
Thomas Jefferson sent 2 people to buy New orleans from France for as much as $10,000,000. They went to negotiate and the French offered them all of Louisiana for 15,000,000. They accepted the great offer
Democratic-republican
Founded by Thomas Jefferson, the Democratic Republicans favored states rights and opposed the Federalist Party. The victory of the Democratic Republicans marked the first party overturn in American history.
alien act
Allowed the President to remove any foreigner from the country who was thought to be dangerous. Immigrants had to live in America 14 years before being able to vote. Most immigrants were Democratic Republicans, so this kept them from voting for a long time.
Sedition act
made it a crime to write, print, utter, or publish criticism of the president of government
Naturalization act
1798, (JA) Act that increased the time to become a US citizen from 5 to 14 years
How was jefferson able to decrease the national debt?
one way was to reduce the size of the military.
Whisky tax
• Hamilton’s idea • Farmers in Western PA are producing Whiskey • Paid by producer • Primary goal: to raise revenue • Farms attack tax collection • Leads to Whiskey Rebellion o Washington leads army against rebels o Rebels back down o Forces Pinckney Treaty
Tarrifs
taxes on imported goods
Judicial Review
review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
Marbury v. Madison
The 1803 case in which Chief Justice John Marshall and his associates first asserted the right of the Supreme Court to determine the meaning of the U.S. Constitution. The decision established the Court’s power of judicial review over acts of Congress, (the Judiciary Act of 1789).
Zebulon pike
American soldier and explorer whom Pikes Peak in Colorada is named. His Pike expedition often compared to the lewis and Clark expedition, mapped much of the southern portion of the Louisianna Purchase
Barbury Pirates
seized and pillaged U.S. merchant ships on coast of North Africa; demanded tribute from American government until Jefferson sent Navy to challenge them and protect U.S. ships
War of 1812
a war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France