China

China

Han
Silk Road trade route to the west
Pre-dynasty
Feudalism established
Creation
Death of Pan Ku
Han
Liu Bang established a dynasty
Ch’in
Unification of China; the first fully unified imperial government in Chinese history
Qin Shi Huang Di
great army, standardized culture, burned confucion books, built great wall of china, searched for immortality, buried in magnificent tomb
Confucius
Believed people were naturally good; founded confucianism
Han Fei
Founded legalism
Lao Tsu
Daoism, we wei
Huang Di
emperor who received a sign from God, improved lives of people, first compass
Yao Di
Emperor, controlled floods, 9 provinces, 9 couldrons
Yu Di
not successful with floods, peace and harmony
Shun Di
Family tried to kill him; never was cruel; never abandoned family
Han Dynasty
Liu Bang established a dynasty; silk road trade route to the west
Shang Dynasty
bronzework and writing
Zhou Dynasty
Feudalism established, concept of Mandate of Heaven created
Xia Dynasty
First Dynasty
Nobility
ancient Chinese class that was primarily responsible for making war, serving as officials and owning the land
Heavenly Mandate
The king is expected to rule in a considerate and effective manner because he was selected by the Gods to rule in order to maintain order in the universe
Dao
Chinese term for the proper “way”
Feudalism
nobles owe loyalty and military service to the king in exchange for land
bones/tortoise shells
tools for earliest forms of chinese writing
Family
foundation of earliest chinese society
Filial Piety
Respect for parents and ancestors
Daoism
individual approach to life that advocates a natural way of going along with the flow of events, we wei, Lao Tzu
Analects
Book of conversations between Confucius and his disciples
Legalism
Belief in the negative nature of people and their need to be forced to behave properly through restrictive laws and harsh punishments
Tao Te Ching
Lao Tzu’s explanation of the wu wei
Confucianism
Chinese civil servant examination system during Han dynasty rested on this belief system
Legalism
official governmental belief of China’s first truly unified imperial government
Great Wall
Built to protect the northwest border from invasion by the first emperor
Age of Disunity
when Han Empire fell and split into 3 kingdoms
Fall of Ch’in
because they banished/killed many of the country’s best-trained Confucian officials
Shang Society
Only a high priest could become King
Bureaucrats
scholars and teachers were trained to be this in order to run the Chinese government
Individual qualifications
according to Confucius, primary basis for granting the right to participate in government
Han Dynasty
added areas to the west, north and south
Shang belief
oracle bones could be used for communication with gods; king is a link between life on earth and hereafter; ancestors are to be worshiped and respected
physical geography
creates barriers to the outside world and affected Chinese civilization
Silk Road
trade route that connected China with the West
Unpopulated
Zone 1 & 2
Zone 3
Mongolia, Invasion, Great Wall
Zone 4
Manchuria, populated
Zone 5
Populated, Yellow River
Achievements
silk road, porcelain, Great Wall, clocks, compass, sundials, bronze-casting, feudalism, paper, wheelbarrows