Victor Acosta Argumentative Essay China’s One-Child Policy According to the U. S. Census Bureau the world’s population consists, of 6,908,497,829 people. China resides as the world’s leading populated country with 1,336,718,015 people. Because, of this over population it maintained fears of their food, resources, and living spaces. The Chinese government then implemented the one-child policy. The one-child policy has prevailed effectively in slowing down the population growth, but it has caused great anguish among Chinese families.
Matt Rosenberg explains how one of the problems facing China in recent years is overpopulation. The Chinese government needed to make a policy to cope with the growing numbers of Chinese citizens. China remains the only country in the world where it is illegal to have a brother or sister. China’s one child policy became established by the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 as a solution to stop the over population. The Policy states that parents who live in the city subsist to having only one child.
When the One Child Policy was put into place in 1979 it had three goals in mind: control the population growth of China, improving the status of women, and eradicating of poverty. First, slowing population growth. One-child policy has effectively checked the trend of over-rapid population growth. In the 15 years from the founding of the People’s Republic to 1964, China’s population increased from 500 million to 700 million, and on average 7. 5 years were needed for the population to increase by 100 million.
The 1964-1974 periods were one of high-speed growth where China’s population increased from 700 million to 900 million in ten years. In 1973, China began to promote family planning throughout the country. China has been through the third post-1949 peak period of births from the beginning of the 1990s, the community of women in their prime of fertility (aged 20 to 29) has exceeded 100 million each year on average, and such a huge child-bearing community has a great birth potential still.
But, because China’s current population and family planning programs and policies have won understanding and support from the people, the fertility level of the population has steadily reduced and the trend of over rapid population growth has been effectively checked along with the country’s economic and social development. Compared with 1970, in 1994 the birth rate dropped from 33. 43 per thousand to 17. 7 per thousand; the natural growth rate, from 25. 83 per thousand to 11. 1 per thousand; and the total fertility rate of women, from 5. 81 to around 2. Now, China’s urban population has basically accomplished the change-over to the population reproduction pattern characterized by low birth rate, low death rate and low growth; and the rural population is currently in this process of change-over. According to statistics supplied by the United Nations, China’s population growth rate has already been markedly lower than the average level of other developing countries.
According to calculation by experts, if China had not implemented family planning but had all along kept the birth rate at the level of the early 1970s, its population would possibly have passed the 1. 5 billion mark by now. Over the past two decades and more, China’s promotion of family planning has created a population environment conducive to reform and opening to the outside world and socioeconomic development as well as the population conditions for safeguarding the survival and development of China. Second, improving the status of women.
One-child policy has further liberated the female productive forces and helped improve the status of women. One-child policy in China has extricated women from frequent births after marriage and the heavy family burden, further liberated and expanded the social productive forces latent in women, and provided them with more opportunities to learn science and general knowledge and take part in economic and social development activities, hence greatly promoted the improvement of the Chinese women’s status in economic and social affairs as well as in their families.
Third, eradicating of poverty. One-child policy has accelerated the process of eradicating poverty in rural China. The Chinese government has taken an important step in giving support to the development of poor areas to alleviate poverty by promoting one-child policy, holding population growth under control, and raising the life quality of the population in those areas. Since 1978, the state has adopted a series of measures to make those living below the poverty line drop from 250 million to 70 million. However, the policy caused some side effects on the population.
The results are imbalance between developed and undeveloped areas, unbalance of male and female, preference of bearing only male children and increasing of selective-sex abortions Conclusion, The positive impact produced by family planning on Chinese society is wide and profound. With the passing of time, the benefits of family planning, for the people and for posterity, are bound to be more apparent. When the One Child Policy was put into place in 1979 it had three goals in mind: control the population growth of China, improving the status of women, and eradicating of poverty.
In 1949 when The People’s Republic of China was formed the population was mostly workers and families were paid to have babies. The problem was the population didn’t stop growing after that and by 1953 it had grown to about 583 million people. By 1964 the Chinese government realized they had a problem on their hands and came out with the Later Sparser Fewer Policy. The problem with this policy was that there were still too many people that even though families were having fewer children further apart and later in life the population was still grow. 979 Chinese government came up with an extreme plan of the One Child Policy. This policy allows citizens to pick up the birth before the birth of their child. 1980 The Birth Quota System was established to monitor population growth. Target goals were set for each region of the country. Local government officials were responsible for enforcing the population control rules and making sure they did not exceed the the limit they were allotted. Government officials were punished by law and loss of privileges if the pre-established goals were not met. 1980 ( SFPC) Population and Information Research Center was founded.
SFPC was established so that different organizations could share information regarding population control. They are responsible for assimilating information and providing it the Chinese government which in turns helps to form policies. China’s population is expected to rise to 1. 5 billion by the year 2025. 1983 Other population control methods were set up for families over two children by The Chinese government they included; mandatory tubal ligations, vasectomies, and abortions. These methods accounted for approximately 35% of the population control.