By theology we mean a rational and systematic study of a religion. It is an analysis to understand a religious matter. This analysis helps us to understand more truly our religion, and also in the propagation of our religion.
As we know, Judaism is the religion of Jewish people. Judaism theology follow monotheism i.e. belief in one single God. Moreover Judaism theology says that God knows every thing, has unlimited power, has created the universe and is kind to everyone. The essence of believes of Jewish people is the written and oral Torah. Torah is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction or law. It is basically a set of five books of Moses also known as five laws of Moses. Moses is the Father and chief of all prophets.
Torah says that all living and non living things in this world are creation of God. It is the God, who has wrought things, workout and shall work for ever. It says that creator is one and is incorporeal i.e. having no corporeal qualities or in other words He has no material or physical form of substance. It says that creator was the first and will be the last, and is the only one to be worshipped and none else. Torah also says that all words of prophets are true. It says that all our deeds and
our thoughts are known by God. As there is a saying in Judaism, “He who had formed their hearts altogether, He knows all their deeds”. According to Torah
God rewards those who keep His commandments and punishes those who go beyond the limits of what is morally acceptable. One of the most ardent faiths of Jewish people is that there will be a resurrection or rebirth of God, but on the time decided by Him. It is believed that every man and woman on earth is like God, with a spiritual and always existing soul. Everyone is made to be the I mage and likeness of God.
For most Jewish people, earth is the place where they are supposed to enjoy their life, not in the heaven. According to them, hard work and education are the paths directed by God to live a good life. They do not find accumulation of wealth to be an evil act as long as it is used in good deeds and charity. One can live a comfortable and cozy life following moral rules. They also promote honest sex and marital life, but oppose adultery, premarital sex, homosexuality, abortion and these as sins. They say that pleasures life like drinking and dancing are good if not done in excess. One should not be habitat of such things.
Judaism theology says that after death a person is sent to heaven or hell. Heaven is considered to be dwelling of God and angels. And hell as home of devils and place where wicked people are punished.
Now, if we talk about Christian theology, then there is a very clear doctrine or set of believes related to the Holy Trinity. It says that there is only one God, with three persons, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Each person is fully God, but there are not three Gods but only one God. Christians consider God himself as a community of love. The father loves Son, and the Son loves the Father and this love of the Father to the Son and of the Son to the Father is the Holy Spirit. Three persons but only one true God. This is the most glorious mystery of the Holy Trinity in the whole Bible. It is said that God is repeatedly the God of Abraham, the God of Issac and the God of Jacob, symbolizing the Holy Trinity. Abraham is God the father, Issac is God the Son and Jacob is God the Holy Spirit.
In Christianity faith is the basis of a Christian’s life, the foundation of the Christian building. One of the faiths is that the person, who believes in the Son, has eternal life, whoever disobeys Him will not see life, but God’s wrath resets upon him.
Christians take baptism a way by which the original sin is forgiven. Baptism is a sacrament instituted and ordered by Jesus Christ. By baptism we emerge as a new creature, a child of God and receive the gift of Holy Spirit. It is believed that after baptism our old man dies and is buried with Christ. Moreover
It is hat before baptism you are a child of the devil and after baptism you are child of God. A man who believes in Jesus, but do not receive baptism in his church is not a Christian.
For a Christian it is not only important to believe in God but also to receive what God gives us. It means to give thanks to God for everything. This is the secret of how to keep ourselves always happy and satisfied in our life. To give thanks to God for every thing is the first step to calm ourselves and face any storm in our life.