Computing Essentials Chapter 4

Computing Essentials Chapter 4

The collection of programs that handles many of the technical details related to using a computer is called the ______.
operating system
Windows
most widely used microcomputer operating system and can run with a variety of different microprocessors
Mac OS
runs on Apple computers
Unix
used by servers on the Web, mainframe computers and powerful microcomputers
Linux
a popular open source alternative to Windows
Windows utilities
Optimize Drives
Disk Cleanup
File History
Documents, worksheets, programs, and presentations are all examples of _____.
files
manage resources
coordinate memory, processing, storage, and devices
provide user interface
allow users to interact with application programs and computer hardware
run applications
load and run applications
Basic categories of operating systems
stand-alone
network
embedded
tab
divide menus into major activity areas
dialog box
provide information or request input
help
provide online assistance for operating system functions and procedures
A good way to organize related files is to store them within a ______.
folder
tablet and smartphones use _____ type of operating system
mobile OS
mobile operating system
File History
makes a copy of all files that are in the libraries, contacts, and favorites and on the desktop
Disk Cleanup
identifies and eliminates nonessential files
Optimize Drives
locates and eliminates fragments and rearranges files and unused disk space
A _______ works with the operating system to allow communication between the device and the rest of the computer system.
driver
_____ are specialized programs to make computing easier.
utilities
_____ software controls where a program is stored in memory, how commands are converted so that the system unit can process them, and where files are saved.
system software
Utility programs
file compression
diagnostic
antivirus
backup
This is an example of the _______ operating system, which is a powerful alternative to Windows.
Linux
Select all of the common names associated with someone who resolves common technical problems faced by computer users.
computer support specialist
help-desk technician
technical support specialist
Android
owned by Google and widely used in many of today’s smartphones
iOS
used in iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad
Windows Phone 8
owned by Microsoft and used in a variety of portable devices mainly for social networking and instant messaging
Select all the types of system software.
operating systems
utilities
language translators
device drivers
The place that provides access to computer resources allowing you to interact with the operating system’s graphical user interface.
desktop
______ are specialized programs that allow particular input or output devices to communicate with the rest of the computer system.
device drivers
the operating system on a smartphone would be ______.
embedded
The means for a user to interact with application programs and computer hardware describes the _____.
user interface
The goal of the _______ utility program is to locate and eliminate unnecessary fragments and rearrange files and unused disk space.
Disk Defragmenter
Utility suites
BitDefender
Norton Utilities
ZoneAlarm
A _____ provides information or requests input.
dialog box
Versions of Windows
Windows 8
Windows 7
In a graphical user interface a graphical representation for a program, file, or function is called a(n) _____.
icon
Mac OS X ________ was released in 2012 and designed for desktops and laptops. The functionality is similar to Windows 8.
Mountain Lion
______ software would control where a word processing program is stored in memory.
System software
______ coordinate computer responses, provide an interface between users and the computer, and run applications.
Operating Systems
The operating system feature which is a rectangular area for displaying information and running programs.
Window
Use Windows Update to update the _____ on your computer.
drivers
________ control is the ability to control operations with finger movements, such as swiping, sliding, and pinching.
Gesture
In a graphical user interface, ______ provide a list of options and commands.
menus
The ______ utility program makes a copy of files to help protect you from the effects of a disk failure.
File History
_______ is the ability of the operating system to switch between different applications stored in memory.
Multitasking
_______ is the most popular desktop operating system.
Windows
_______ is an operating system feature that provide(s) online assistance for operating system functions and procedures.
Help
A program associated with a device that works with the operating system to allow communication between the device and the rest of the computer system.
Device driver
A file is said to be fragmented when it cannot be saved on a single track across contiguous wedge shaped sections called _______.
sectors
Monitoring system performance is an example of how the operating system ________.
Manages resources
_______ operating systems control a single desktop or laptop computer.
Stand-alone
_______ perform specific tasks related to managing computer resources.
Utilities
The operating system is often called the software environment or software _______.
platform
In a graphical user interface, the _____ is used to select items.
pointer
In a graphical user interface, _____ divide menus into major activity areas.
tabs
_______ operating systems are used to control and coordinate computers that are linked together.
Network
When a file cannot be saved on a single track across contiguous sectors and has to be broken up into small parts it is said to be ______.
fragmented
On a hard disk a _______ is a concentric ring.
Track
You would run this program on your hard drive to ______ and improve system performance.
free up disk space
The ______mobile operating system was originally developed in 2012 by Microsoft to support a variety of portable devices, including smartphones.
Windows Phone 8
The ______ mobile operating system was introduced in 2007 and is now owned by Google.
Android
_______ operating systems are used to control and coordinate computers that are linked together.
Network
The ______ utility program makes a copy of files to help protect you from the effects of a disk failure.
File History
Utility suites often provide programs that will protect your system from dangerous programs called computer ______.
viruses
Starting or restarting the computer is called ______ the system.
booting
On a hard disk a ________ is a concentric ring.
track
_______ convert programming instructions into a language that the computer can process.
Language translators
A ______ boot is when you power on a computer that is off.
cold boot
What could you use if you wanted to run two or more applications each requiring a different operating system?
Virtualization
When a computer is running virtualization software, it is operating as though it were two or more separate and independent computers known as
virtual machines
When a computer is running virtualiztion software, the operating system for each virtual machine is known as the _______.
guest operating system
An ______ operating system is one in which users can modify and further develop the code.
open source