CSTU 101 Ch 1-24

CSTU 101 Ch 1-24

In order to “reinvent” art in the modern age, Pablo Picasso returned to the classical models of the Greco-Roman tradition for his inspiration. (24)
False
What word best describes the response of writers and artists to the aftermath of the Great War? (24)

classicism
integration
fragmentation
romanticism

fragmentation
World War I probably impacted the cultural and intellectual life of the western world more than World War II. (24)
true
Which word best captures the mood of western culture at the dawning of the 20th century? (24)

frivolousness
foreboding
indifference
optimism

optimism
Which of the following is most closely connected to the Crystal Palace? (23)

the output of factories
the new technology of photography
the revolutions of 1848
social Darwinism

the output of factories
Which of the following is presented in Chapter 23 as an important background to the emphasis on “realism” and “materialism” in nineteenth-century culture? (23)

industrialization
the expansion of the British Empire
the Napoleonic Wars
the American Civil War

industrialization
Match the name with the one it most closely corresponds to:
Charles Darwin (23)

Karl Marx
Matthew Arnold
Charles Dickens
Gustave Courbet

Karl Marx
Match the name with the one it most closely corresponds to:
Jean-Francois Millet (23)

Karl Marx
Matthew Arnold
Charles Dickens
Gustave Courbet

Gustave Courbet
Match the name with the one it most closely corresponds to:
Fyodor Dostoevsky (23)

Karl Marx
Matthew Arnold
Charles Dickens
Gustave Courbet

Matthew Arnold
Match the name with the one it most closely corresponds to:
Gustave Flaubert (23)

Karl Marx
Matthew Arnold
Charles Dickens
Gustave Courbet

Charles Dickens
By the end of the nineteenth century, materialism and secularism had produced a widespread pessimism about the future of western culture. (23)
false
Realism in nineteenth-century art can be understood as a reaction to what movement? (23)

modernism
romanticism
Puritanism
classicism

romanticism
Romanticism in the arts can be described as a triumph of “reason” over “passion.” (22)
false
Wordsworth’s sonnet, “The World Is Too Much with Us,” best illustrates which concept? (22)

the political changes that led to revolution
an early form of evolutionary theory
the concept of the “Romantic hero”
the force of Nature on the Romantic imagination

the force of Nature on the Romantic imagination
Which of the following is not discussed in the text as an example of a “romantic hero”? (22)

Byron
Louix XIV
Napoleon
Beethoven

Louix XIV
In many ways, the modern environmental movement can be traced back to the romantic veneration of nature. (22)
true
The terms “Age of Reason” and “neoclassical period” both refer to the culture of the 18th century. (21)
true
The Enlightenment philosophers believed that mankind was capable of social perfection. (21)
true
The Enlightenment philosophers had a high regard for the truth of religion. (21)
false
Rousseau is best known for his theories on which subjects? (21)

politics, art, philosophy
education, economics, theology
society, scientific theory, economics
politics, education, society

politics, education, society
The impact of the Enlightenment was largely confined to European culture and had little impact on the development of American culture. (21)
false
According to the textbook, which Enlightenment figure had the greatest influence on how the institutions of modern western culture have developed? (21)

Diderot
Voltaire
Rousseau
Condorcet

Rousseau
Modern political liberalism shares its underlying view of man with the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. (21)
true
Voltaire was a great French writer and intellectual who defended Christianity against the attacks of skeptics and rationalists. (21)
false
Voltaire’s philosophy is expressed by his most famous quote, namely that “Man is born free.” (21)
false
It was commonly believed by the 18th-century philosophers that tradition is the foundation of truth. (21)
false
You try three oranges out of a bag of ten and all three are sour. You conclude, therefore, that the rest of the oranges are also sour. You have just reasoned inductively. (20)
true
The Scientific Revolution helped bring about a new way of looking at the world in purely material terms.
true
What does the phrase “idols of the marketplace” refer to? (20)

systems of belief
human limitations of perception
ambiguities of language
individual biases

ambiguities of language
European culture in the 17th century in Europe is best characterized by which phrase? (20)

the “lost generation”
period of conflict
the Romantic era
Age of Reason

period of conflict
The word “empiricism” refers to knowledge gained from authority and tradition. (20)
false
What does the phrase “idols of the cave” refer to? (20)

human limitations of perception
individual biases
ambiguities of language
systems of belief

individual biases
Which of the following is not associated with “the century of genius”? (20)

da Vinci
Descartes
Rembrandt
Cervantes

da Vinci
The name Galileo is best associated with what period? (20)

mid- to late nineteenth century
1550 – 1770
18th century
1775 – 1825

1550 – 1770
The textbook suggests that the seventeenth-century is one of the easier centuries for us to understand and analyze. (20)
false
During the modern age, the “new science” has developed from a method of scientific inquiry into an entire philosophy of life. (20)
true
The Renaissance in northern Europe was more secular and humanistic than the Renaissance in Italy. (19)
false
The cultural values of thrift, industry, and hard work are directly related to the Protestant Reformation. (19)
true
Shakespeare provides a good example of the emergence of the modern concept of the individual in the northern Renaissance. (19)
true
In England during the Reformation, the break with the Catholic Church was motivated by political reasons. (19)
true
The concept of individuality emerges both in the northern Renaissance and Italian Renaissance. (19)
true
In principle, Martin Luther did not object to the sale of “indulgences” by the Catholic Church. (19)
false
One of the key ideas of the Reformation is summed up in the phrase “sola scriptura.” (19)
true
Martin Luther was converted as he taught through the Book of Genesis. (19)
false
The Reformation was essentially a distinct movement with little connection to Renaissance culture. (19)
false
Probably the most important figure of the Reformation was John Wycliffe. (19)
false
In his sculpture of Moses, Michelangelo tried to capture the “dramatic moment” when Moses confronted Pharaoh in Egypt. (18)
false
Which Renaissance painter that we studied flattered his patrons by putting them in a biblical scene? (18)

da Vinci
Raphael
Botticelli
Masaccio

Botticelli
Atmospheric perspective demonstrates how the eye sees distant objects. (18)
true
The newness of classical themes was one of the things that attracted Renaissance painters. (18)
true
Railroad tracks illustrate the optical illusion known as linear perspective. (18)
true
Which Renaissance artist that we studied painted a sweeping depiction of the great figures of classical civilization? (18)

Botticelli
Michelangelo
da Vinci
Raphael

Raphael
We see numerous examples of portrait painting among the artists of the Middle Ages. (18)
false
Which Renaissance painter that we studied depicted himself looking like Christ? (18)

Dürer
Michelangelo
Raphael
Van Eyck

Dürer
The Renaissance can be defined as a great cultural movement that produced which of the following? (17)

democratic institutions / economic transformation
social revolution / religious conflict
scientific revolution / period of discovery
artistic transformation / scientific revolution

artistic transformation / scientific revolution
We described the Renaissance as the _____ of the modern age. (17)

portal
dead end
blossoming
unfulfilled promise

portal
Humanism always begins with _____ and ends with _____. (17)

questions / answers
introspection / projection
faith / unbelief
inquiry / knowledge

introspection / projection
Michelangelo’s “The Birth of Adam” is part of the vast ceiling painting in the Sistine Chapel. (17)
true
Mirandola’s interpretation of why God created Adam is basically correct from a biblical perspective. (17)
false
The greatest works of Renaissance art come from the period of the High Renaissance (1475 to 1525). (17)
true
Who described man as “the maker and molder of himself”? (17)

Macchiavelli
Mirandola
da Vinci
Michelangelo

Mirandola
Artists and philosophers during the Italian Renaissance understood clearly that one cannot be both a “Christian” and a “humanist” at the same time. (17)
false
Which name is NOT discussed as an example of the paradigm shifts at the end of the Middle Ages? (16)

Chaucer
Copernicus
Luther
Gutenberg

Chaucer
Which Crusade was the only one that could at all be considered a military “success”? (16)

1st
2nd
3rd
4th

1st
According to the text, which of the following phrases best describes the impact of the “paradigm shifts” at the end of the Middle Ages? (16)

a shift from a vertical to a horizontal worldview
an example of the cultural impact of medieval Arabic culture on the West
a period of “enlightenment” that followed the Dark Ages
the direct result of reviving ancient Greco-Roman knowledge

a shift from a vertical to a horizontal worldview
The text claims that which of the following medieval developments was the “single most important” for understanding the emergence of the modern world? (16)

the decline of papal authority
the emergence of the middle class
the Black Death
the development of a centralized banking system

the emergence of the middle class
Gothic cathedrals were known for having darker interiors than Romanesque cathedrals. (15)
false
Which of the following was not cited as an example of the medieval hierarchical worldview? (15)

the structure of Dante’s cosmos
the complex banking system of medieval Italy
the idea of the “three estates”
Gothic architecture

the complex banking system of medieval Italy
Arthurian adventure stories (15)

romances
Minnesingers
homilies
fabliaux
epics

romances
sermons (15)

romances
Minnesingers
homilies
fabliaux
epics

homilies
secular “dirty stories” (15)

romances
Minnesingers
homilies
fabliaux
epics

fabliaux
the Nibelungenlied (15)

romances
Minnesingers
homilies
fabliaux
epics

epics
lyric poets (15)

romances
Minnesingers
homilies
fabliaux
epics

Minnesingers
We credit Abbott Suger for developing the Gothic style of architecture. (15)
true
The towers on Romanesque cathedrals served a purely practical function, as watch towers in time of danger. (14)
false
What term is used to describe richly decorated medieval manuscripts? (14)
illuminated
Which word best describes the culture that gave rise to Romanesque architecture? (14)

synthesis
hierarchy
instability
diversity

synthesis
What did medieval pilgrims travel to a cathedral to see? (14)

relics
altarpieces
manuscripts
icons

relics
A Romanesque cathedral would most likely be built in what year? (14)

800
1200
1300
1000

1000
Romanesque architecture is most closely associated with which type of structure? (14)

the Roman Forum
aqueducts
basilicas
the Pantheon

basilicas
Historians have traditionally described how Europe fell into a period of the “Dark Ages” after which date? (14)

313 A.D.
476 A.D.
180 A.D.
800 A.D.

476 A.D.
Though monasteries were important across Europe in the early medieval centuries, the Irish monks in particular were important in preserving knowledge, learning, and manuscripts. (14)
true
The style of art seen in the Cross Page of the Lindisfarne Gospels is similar to which of the following? (14)

The Moorish tilework in Cordoba, Spain
The prows of Viking ships
Late Roman art in Gaul
The stained glass windows of Notre Dame

The prows of Viking ships
Which of the following is an important illuminated manuscript? (14)

Book of Kells
The Beowulf manuscript
The Exeter Book
The Domesday Book

Book of Kells
Charlemagne’s brutal reign destroyed much learning and education in Europe and brought western culture into a new “dark ages.” (14)
false
We looked closely at Alfred the Great as a key example of the character and nature of early medieval culture. (14)
false
Early medieval culture emerged as a blend of the following three cultures: classical culture, Christianity, and Islam. (14)
false
The question of of why Rome fell is not really as complex as most people make it out to be. (13)
false
Who is associated with the so-called “Christian” answer for the fall of Rome? (13)

Ambrose
Augustine
Gregory
Jerome

Augustine
He wrote “The City of God” (13)

Augustine
Ambrose
Leo
Gregory
Jerome

Augustine
He helped to formulate principles of biblical interpretation (13)

Augustine
Ambrose
Leo
Gregory
Jerome

Ambrose
Confronted Attila the Hun (13)

Augustine
Ambrose
Leo
Gregory
Jerome

Leo
He was active in sending missionaries (13)
Augustine
Ambrose
Leo
Gregory
Jerome
Gregory
He translated the Bible (13)
Augustine
Ambrose
Leo
Gregory
Jerome
Jerome
Which 18th-century historian can be associated with the “rationalist” answer for the fall of Rome? (13)

Arnold Toynbee
Edward Gibbon
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Leopold von Ranke

Edward Gibbon
After the period of Constantine, how is Jesus depicted in Christian art? (12)

wise teacher
shepherd
sun-God
universal ruler

universal ruler
Acts 4:12 is mentioned in the text to support the idea that Christianity offered an “other-worldly” appeal. (12)
false
What was the most “popular” story depicted in the catacombs? (12)

Moses parting the Red Sea
Jonah
David and Goliath
the feeding of the five thousand

Jonah
Ancient Roman society was intolerant of all religions except for the state religion of pagan worship. (12)
false
From the earliest days in the catacombs, the first Christian art was produced in a highly skilled and polished manner. (12)
false
The boat was a common image in early Christian art that symbolized the church. (12)
true
In the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, which two figures are standing on either side of Jesus? (12)

Moses and Elijah
James and John
the Emperor and the Pope
Peter and Paul

Peter and Paul
Which of the following is not depicted on the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus? (12)

Daniel in the lion’s den
the triumphal entry of Christ
Noah and the Flood
the sacrifice of Isaac

Noah and the Flood
A variant of the “swastika” symbol is associated with which figure in early Christian painting? (12)

Judas
Moses
Nero
Daniel

Moses
The earliest Christian art dates from the first century A.D., during the generation when the apostles preached and Christianity first emerged. (12)
false
It is not uncommon to see motifs and images in early Christian art that were adapted from pagan contexts. (12)
true
What are three qualities that led to the “success” of early Christianity, as noted by a British historian? (12)

high ethics, liberality, exclusiveness
civic virtues, generosity, exclusiveness
liberality, charity, inclusiveness
exclusiveness, inclusiveness, other-worldliness

exclusiveness, inclusiveness, other-worldliness
Another common image from catacomb art was the “balance” or “scale.” (12)
false
What was the greatest Roman innovation in architecture? (11)

trabeated style
flying buttresses
arch
post-and-lintel technique

arch
Which Roman emperor was also a stoic philosopher? (11)

Hadrian
Antoninus Pius
Marcus Aurelius
Caesar Augustus

Marcus Aurelius
We see the style of the Pantheon imitated later by which architect? (11)

Le Corbusier
Thomas Jefferson
Michelangelo
Frank Lloyd Wright

Thomas Jefferson
The Roman materialistic worldview is evident in their landscape art. (11)
true
Which Roman philosophy taught that there was no afterlife? (11)

stoicism
skepticism
epicureanism
idealism

epicureanism
Which of the following pairs were Roman Stoic philosophers? (11)

Marcus Aurelius and Trajan
Cato and Livy
Lucretius and Cicero
Cicero and Marcus Aurelius

Cicero and Marcus Aurelius
The arch enabled the Romans to build on a grand scale. (11)
true
Which of the following is a good example of the Roman tendency to tell stories in their art? (11)

the wall paintings of Herculaneum
statuary art in the Pantheon
Trajan’s Column
the equestrian statue of Augustus

Trajan’s Column
Which term is associated with the Roman temple Pantheon? (11)

continuous style
oculus
post-and-lintel
pronaos

oculus
Philosophy is the one area of Roman culture that is not indebted to the Greeks. (11)
false
Which type of Roman building became the pattern for the building of medieval cathedrals? (11)

villa
basilica
Pantheon
Colosseum

basilica
The New Testament is silent on the philosophies of the Roman world. (11)
false
Much of our knowledge of Roman painting comes from the buried city of Pompeii. (11)
true
The word “triumph” referred originally to a Roman military parade. (10)
true
Roman citizens had to travel to the capital city if they wanted to use a public bath. (10)
false
The American idea of “a city on a hill” most closely corresponds to which Roman value? (10)

eclecticism
none of the above
practicality
imperialism

imperialism
The American idea of “building a better mousetrap” most closely corresponds to which Roman value? (10)

practicality
imperialism
none of the above
eclecticism

practicality
From the Roman perspective, imperialism was a matter of living out their destiny. (10)
true
The American interstate system was developed for completely different reasons than the Roman highway system. (10)
false
The American idea of “a melting pot” most closely corresponds to which Roman value? (10)

none of the above
imperialism
practicality
eclecticism

eclecticism
The Greeks were more interested in “what works,” while the Romans were more interested in what is right. (10)
false
What is the best-known surviving portion of the Roman highway? (10)

Claudian Way
Appian Way
Livian Way
Augustinian Way

Appian Way
The Roman worldview can be described by the philosophical word “materialism.” (10)
true
According to the text, the aqueduct can be viewed a key illustration of Roman imperialism. (10)
false
In what way does the Colosseum illustrates the principle of eclecticism? (10)

in how it was used in public entertainment
in the style of the columns
in the type of building materials used
in the technology of the arch

in the style of the columns
Ancient Roman society was relatively tolerant of various religions. (10)
true
Hannibal (9)

146 B.C.
476 A.D.
313 A.D.
27 B.C.
510 B.C.

510 B.C.
Octavian (9)

146 B.C.
476 A.D.
313 A.D.
27 B.C.
510 B.C.

27 B.C.
Cleopatra (9)

146 B.C.
476 A.D.
313 A.D.
27 B.C.
510 B.C.

27 B.C.
Constantine (9)

146 B.C.
476 A.D.
313 A.D.
27 B.C.
510 B.C.

313 A.D.
Romulus Augustulus (9)

146 B.C.
476 A.D.
313 A.D.
27 B.C.
510 B.C.

476 A.D.
The Roman tendency in conquering other people was to preserve, not to destroy. (9)
true
The term “Pax Romana” refers specifically to the fact that the Romans were a peace-loving people. (9)
false
The Romans learned very little from the Etruscans to the north. (9)
false
End of a period of civil war (9)
180 A.D.
313 A.D.
510 B.C.
27 B.C.
146 B.C.
27 B.C.
Corinth captured (9)
180 A.D.
313 A.D.
510 B.C.
27 B.C.
146 B.C.
146 B.C.
End of the Pax Romana (9)
180 A.D.
313 A.D.
510 B.C.
27 B.C.
146 B.C.
180 B.C.
Christianity was legalized (9)
180 A.D.
313 A.D.
510 B.C.
27 B.C.
146 B.C.
313 B.C.
Rome became independent (9)
180 A.D.
313 A.D.
510 B.C.
27 B.C.
146 B.C.
510 B.C.
Greek comedy can accurately be described as a philosophy of life. (8)
true
Aristotle based his definition of tragedy on the tragedy Elektra by Euripides. (8)
false
Tragedy depicts the _____ of the hero while comedy depicts his _____. (8)

subordination / alienation
alienation / integration
integration / subordination
integration / alienation

alienation / integration
The typical Greek tragedy depicts which process in the life of the hero? (8)

apotheosis
alienation
integration
initiation

alienation
What is one of the most significant things Greek tragedy can teach us? (8)

how beauty can even be found in the terrible tragedies of life
how even a contrived plot can make the audience cry
how much the ancient Greeks valued knowledge and wisdom
how much the ancient Greeks are like ourselves

how much the ancient Greeks valued knowledge and wisdom
When considering Aristotle’s definition of tragedy, which of the following is least appropriate to tragic figures in the Bible? (8)

the hero is extraordinary and excellent
the hero has a tragic flaw
the hero is partly responsible for his own downfall
the gods punish the hero more severely than he deserves

the gods punish the hero more severely than he deserves
Under the right circumstances, a Greek tragedy could focus on the plight of a lower-class citizen. (8)
false
When viewed in Greek terms, the Bible must be considered the world’s greatest tragedy. (8)
false
Not a whole lot of action actually took place on stage in a typical Greek drama. (8)
true
The apostle Paul portrayed his own life in terms of a Greek tragedy. (8)
true
The idea of personal responsibility is a relatively minor aspect of the Greek concept of tragedy. (8)
false
Which of the following terms is not used in Aristotle’s description of tragedy? (8)

polis
hamartia
hubris
catharsis

polis
Greek tragedy and comedy originated in the annual celebrations surrounding which Greek god? (8)

Dionysus
Hermes
Apollo
Athena

Dionysus
What is the literal meaning of the term “catharsis”? (8)

poison
incense
elixir
laxative

laxative
From the earliest period in Greek art, we see highly realistic depictions of the human form. (7)
false
The “adjustments” to the Parthenon illustrate what about the ancient Greeks? (7)

their fatalism
their rationalism
their materialism
their humanism

their rationalism
You would see “relief sculptures” in which part of the Greek temple? (7)

frieze
cornice
architrave
stylobate

frieze
Even in the temples they built, the ancient Greeks saw a picture of the human form. (7)
true
What aspect of “The Discus-Thrower” (Discobolus) was emphasized in the text? (7)

the adaptation of old forms into a new style
the detached classical style that lacks emotion
the solidity of the human form
the creation of an entirely new art style from scratch

the adaptation of old forms into a new style
The so-called “Archaic Smile” is associated with what type of Greek sculpture? (7)

Nike of Samothrace
kouros
Discobolus
Parthenon

kouros
Alexander the Great probably did not look exactly like the portraits we have of him. (7)
true
The human form represented on the Dipylon Vase is abstract and stylized. (7)
true
Where would you find the idol located in a Greek temple? (7)

pronaos
frieze
architrave
naos

naos
Which order of Greek temple architecture is associated with the Classical period and demonstrates elegance and refinement? (7)

Corinthian
Ionic
Doric
Ephesian

Ionic
What optical technique in “The Warrior’s Leavetaking” illustrates the new “realistic perspective” in Greek art? (7)

canon
frontality
contrapposto
foreshortening

foreshortening
The order of a Greek temple can be identified most easily by looking at its capital. (7)
true
The Greeks valued sculpting in what medium more than any other? (7)
bronze
Many of the statues we call “Greek” are actually Roman copies. (7)
true
Greek philosophers were the first to formulate a basic atomic theory. (6)
true
The materialists were interested in the grand cosmic design of creation. (6)
false
In Raphael’s painting The School of Athens, who is pointing toward heaven and who is pointing to the earth below? (6)

Socrates / Aristotle
Plato / Aristotle
Socrates / Plato
Plato / Pythagoras

Plato / Aristotle
Professional philosopher-teachers in ancient Greece were called what? (6)

materialists
cynics
sophists
idealists

sophists
Socrates was well known for his method of teaching by asking questions. (6)
true
What does “philosophy” literally mean? (6)

love of wisdom
love of truth
love of reason
love of knowledge

love of wisdom
According to the text, which statement best describes Plato’s doctrine of ideal forms? (6)

perhaps the most important philosophical idea in western culture
an answer to the cynical philosophy of Diogenes
a detailed illustration of Socrates’ emphasis on self-examination
a materialistic attempt to explain the nature of reality

perhaps the most important philosophical idea in western culture
Plato gave the fullest expression of his idealistic philosophy in the Republic. (6)
true
According to the text, Aristotle can be thought of as the father of modern materialism. (6)
true
Socrates is depicted as a leading character in which one of the following? (6)

Dialogues
the poems of Sappho
Aeneid
Lysistrata

Dialogues
The death of Socrates must be understood in light of which event? (6)

the Peloponnesian War
the death of Alexander
the rise of Pericles
the Persian War

the Peloponnesian War
The ancient Greek philosophers were brilliant, but there is very little they can teach the modern Christian. (6)
false
The Greek marketplace where philosophy was debated was called what? (6)

agora
kouros
hubris
polis

agora
Philosophy generally takes no position on what is the nature of reality. (6)
false
The term “Dark Ages” always implies some kind of break with the immediate past. (5)
true
The “adaptability” that Pericles spoke about is clearly evident in the mythic figure of Odysseus. (5)
true
We associate which of the following with the Archaic Period of ancient Greece? (5)

Homeric epics
kouros
the transition from bronze to iron
colonizatio

kouros
What process helps to explain why the New Testament was written in Greek? (5)

nationalization
democratization
hellenization
periodization

hellenization
According to the text, the “environmental” answer to the Greek Miracle can be described as what? (5)

Calvinist
Darwinian
Marxist
Freudian

Darwinian
The phrase “Greek Miracle” reminds us that we still don’t fully understand the unique genius of the ancient Greeks. (5)
true
The “geometric style” is associated with what period? (5)

Age of Pericles
Hellenistic Age
Greek Dark Ages
Age of Colonization

Greek Dark Ages
The epic stories of the ancient Greek heroes were first told during the late classical period. (5)
false
According to the text, what cannot exist within a society apart from the concept of individuality? (5)

agnosticism
sophisticated art
democracy
public schools

democracy
In contrast to Egyptian culture, ancient Greek culture is described by what specific term? (5)

dynamic
humanistic
sophisticated
inquisitive

dynamic
The term “Greek Miracle” refers specifically to the amazing victory of the Greeks over the invading Persian army. (5)
false
The concept of individuality is the exception, and not the norm, within the history and cultures of the world. (5)
true
Which of the following events was pivotal in shaping the direction of early Greek culture? (5)

the migration of the Phoenicians
the Persian invasion
the collapse of the Egyptian dynasties
the opening up of the Black Sea to trade and exploration

the opening up of the Black Sea to trade and exploration
Myron, Praxiteles, and Exekias were ancient Greek engineers. (5)
false
Who excavated the ancient city of Troy? (4)

Schliemann
Evans
Carter
Kramer

Schliemann
An epic is most concerned with communicating which two things? (4)

right and wrong behavior
myths and legends
values and virtues
heroes and monsters

values and virtues
What was the critical type of evidence that allowed historians to reconstruct the Indo-European people? (4)

linguistic evidence
archaeological data
oral accounts
genetic evidence

linguistic evidence
Homer’s stories of Troy are really stories about the Mycenaean age. (4)
true
Which of the following Old Testament people was Indo-European? (4)

Hittites
Canaanites
Amorites
Moabites

Hittites
Only recently have scholars been able to piece together what may have brought down the Minoan civilization. (4)
true
Which Old Testament nation may have had a connection to the Minoan civilization? (4)

Philistines
Assyrians
Hittites
Phoenicians

Philistines
Scholars believe that the Minoan civilization was almost nearly destroyed by a natural disaster in which year? (4)

1453 B.C.
1628 B.C.
850 B.C.
1250 B.C.

1628 B.C.
The process of forming a “national identity” always occurs late in a culture’s development. (4)
false
Which of the following was discussed as an example of the relationship between myth and history? (4)

Icarus
Narcissus
Electra
Atlantis

Atlantis
The Minoans and Mycenaeans have very little connection to the rise of western civilization. (4)
false
We don’t know a lot about the Mycenaeans, but we know they were related to the Greeks. (4)
true
Archaeologists have demonstrated conclusively that no historical truths underlie ancient myths and legends. (4)
false
What was the great Minoan palace? (4)

Delos
Thera
Phaistos
Knossos

Knossos
What term best describes the multiple perspective we see in Egyptian art, especially in portraying the human body? (3)
frontality
The discovery of the Rosetta Stone is most closely associated with which historical leader? (3)

Napoleon
Charlemagne
Mussolini
Cleopatra

Napoleon
The term “ziggurat” describes the first primitive pyramids built in Egypt. (3)
false
As presented in the text, which quality presents the most challenging differences for modern viewers of ancient Egyptian art? (3)

exotic religious ideas
the monumental scale of art objects
multiple perspective
unusual subject matter

multiple perspective
Egyptian artists would probably have depicted the human form more realistically if their culture had been more advanced. (3)
false
Egyptian art depicts objects according to their most characteristic angle. (3)
true
Who is a great fictional hero in the literature of ancient Mesopotamia? (3)

Narmer
Ramses
Gilgamesh
Abraham

Gilgamesh
Sumerian civilization was ancient, but not very advanced. (3)
false
Which ancient writer visited and described the monuments of Babylon and Egypt? (3)

Tacitus
Livy
Thucydides
Herodotus

Herodotus
A foundational belief among the ancient Egyptians was that the universe is balanced, harmonious, and permanent. (3)
true
Which artifact depicts the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt? (3)

Rosetta Stone
Deluge Tablet
Narmer Palette
Obelisk of Ramses II

Narmer Palette
Egyptian art changed dramatically in style from century to century. (3)
false
Which artifact provided the key that allowed scholars to decode Egyptian hieroglyphics? (3)

Narmer Palette
King Tut’s tomb inscriptions
Luxor Obelisk
Rosetta Stone

Rosetta Stone
The central work of Sumerian literature contains remarkable parallels with which book of the Bible? (3)

Genesis
Psalms
Matthew
Revelations

Genesis
The development of agriculture led to a basic form of scientific thinking. (2)
true
The textbook suggests that the changes facing society today are at least as sweeping as those during the Agricultural Revolution. (2)
true
According to the text, agriculture presupposes that you’ll put down both literal and figurative roots. (2)
true
Most scholars believe that Ancient Egypt is probably where writing was first developed. (2)
false
Which of the following technological developoments is not discussed in the text? (2)

wheeled transportation
the sailing ship
the plow
multi-storied buildings

the plow
The majority of cuneiform tablets discovered by archaeologists have been shown to contain poetry of superb quality. (2)
false
The development of pottery in ancient civlizations is discussed in the text in relation to which idea? (2)

economics
religion
leisure
politics

economics
The terms “culture” and “civilization” have identical meanings. (2)
false
Which of the following words refers to the sum total of shared attributes and values that bind a people together? (2)

Civilization
Worldview
Beliefs
Culture

culture
Periods of migration, according to the text, are always accompanied by intellectual growth and expansion. (2)
true
According to the text, the notion of civilization implies _____. (2)

Diversity
Unity
Complexity
Intentionality

Complexity
The text considers the development of writing to be the most important technology of the urban revolution. (2)
true
The text lists several qualities that children lack. Which of the following was not one of these descriptions? (1)

self-centered
lacking perspective
reckless
naive

reckless
Which of the following is an example of the reflective arts? (1)

philosophy
economics
anthropology
political science

philosophy
According to the text, God has created us to be ____, so to speak. (1)

loving
philosophers
artists
ambassadors

artists
Opera and film could both be considered examples of the “expressive arts.” (1)
true
The theoretical model known as “post-colonialism” interprets western history as the story of the success and prosperity of minorities. (1)
false
According to the text, which of the following is not discussed as a reason to study the humanities? (1)

the academic reason
the intellectual reason
the historical reason
the emotional reason

the historical reason
The text indicates that the late 15th-century painting “Madonna and Child with the Infant St. John” is likely evidence of extraterrestrial visitation. (1)
false
The text describes the quality of “sentiment” as: (1)

a subjective view towards a situation or event
strong nostalgia
being emotionally attached to something
feeling governed by thought

feeling governed by thought
The text argues that one expression of being created in God’s image is: (1)

fellowship
critical thinking
creative capacity
self-awareness

creative capacity
The text mentions that Romans 8:28 can be read as Paul’s statement of values. (1)
false