EMT Chapter 19 JB Learning

EMT Chapter 19 JB Learning

Hemophilia
Disorder that causes an inability to develop blood clots
Hormone
Chemical produced by a gland that regulates body organs
Type 1 diabetes
Diabetes that usually starts in childhood; requires insulin
Type 2 diabetes
Diabetes with onset later in life; may be controlled by diet and oral medication
Glucose
Primary fuel, along with oxygen, for cellular metabolism
Insulin
Hormone that enables glucose to enter the cells
Thrombophilia
A tendency to develop blood clots
Hyperglycemia
Extremely high blood glucose level
Sickle cell disease
Inherited disease that affects red blood cells
A 54-year-old golfer collapsed on the 17th green at the golf course. His friend said he wasn’t feeling well after the eighth hole, but insisted on walking and finishing out the game. His skin is pale, cool, and diaphoretic, and he provides incoherent answers to your questions. An initial blood glucose measurement indicates 65 mg/dL. The patient loses consciousness and a second blood glucose level reads 48 mg/dL. You should:
All of these answers are correct.
Normal blood glucose levels range from _____ mg/dL.
80 to 120
The accumulation of ketones and fatty acids in blood tissue can lead to a dangerous condition in diabetic patients known as:
diabetic ketoacidosis.
The onset of hypoglycemia can occur within:
minutes.
Common signs and symptoms of severe hyperglycemia include all of the following, EXCEPT:
cool, clammy skin.
Ketone production is the result of:
fat metabolization when glucose is unavailable
Kussmaul respirations are an indication that the body is
attempting to eliminate acids from the blood.
To which of the following diabetic patients should you administer oral glucose?
A confused 55-year-old male with tachycardia and pallor
When assessing an unresponsive diabetic patient, the primary visible difference between hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia is the:
rate and depth of breathing.
When obtaining a SAMPLE history from a patient with diabetes, it would be MOST important to determine:
if he or she has had any recent illnesses or excessive stress
Which of the following signs or symptoms would the EMT MOST likely encounter in a patient with new-onset type 1 diabetes?
Weight loss and polyuria
You respond to a residence for a patient who is “not acting right.” As you approach the door, the patient, a 35-year-old male, begins shouting profanities at you and your partner while holding a baseball bat. The man is confused and diaphoretic, and is wearing a medical identification bracelet. You should:
retreat at once and call law enforcement.