English III Mid-Term

Tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; something that induces sleep
Soporific
Extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical
Straitlaced
Lasting only a short time, fleeting; one who stays only a short time
Transient
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To whip, punish severely; a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism
Scourge
Beneficial, helpful; half, wholesome
Salutary
To mock, treat with contempt
Flout
To seal, especially in a sneaky way and in pretty amounts
Filch
Fair, just, embodying principles of justice
Equitable
A warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
Blazon
Self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle
Axiomatic
Self-government, political control
Autonomy
Bitterly severe, within; causing great harm
Scathing
Thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable
Sleazy
Coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
Scurrilous
Able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
Resilient
Peevish, complaining, fretful
Querulous
A natural inclination or predilection toward
Propensity
Incapable of being changed or called back
Irrevocable
Thin, light, delicate, insubstantial; a very thin, light cloth
Gossamer
Scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
Erudite
Illegal traffic, smuggled goods; illegal, prohibited
Contraband
An original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example of a particular type of person or thing
Archetype
Shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion
Amorphous
Courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
Affable
To use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end
Wheedle
Bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)
Vitriolic
Resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
Seditious
Composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances
Sangfroid
A natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)
Proclivity
To steal something that has ben given into one’s trust; to take improperly for one’s own use
Peculate
Existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously
Nominal
To make amends, make up for; to avert
Expiate
To sympathize with, have pity or sorry for, share a feeling of distress
Commiserate
Resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental , not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital
Adventitious
The modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend
Acculturation
To have an intense dislike or hatred for
Abominate
To think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess; likely idea that lacks definite proof
Surmise
Strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling sharp or bitter to the taste
Stringent
To spread through, penetrate, soak through
Permeate
Secret hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; mysterious, magical, uncanny; to hide, cover up; eclipse; matters involving the supernatural
Occult
Weariness of body or mind, lack of energy
Lassitude
One who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder
Interloper
To violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds
Infringe
By virtue of holding a certain office
Ex officio
To urge strongly, advise earnestly
Exhort
Saliva or mucus flying from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense; to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly
Drivel
Pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas
Bombastic
To improve, make better correct a flaw or shortcoming
Ameliorate
Excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
Unctuous
Shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion
Umbrage
To rise above or beyond, exceed
Transcend
A special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence
Prerogative
Peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
Petulant
Causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint
Lurid
A hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)
Innuendo
Used so often as to lack freshness or originality
Hackneyed
To draw forth, to bring out form some source (such as another person)
Elicit
To attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning
Expostulate
The expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval
Approbation
Repeated initial consonant sounds in stressed syllables
Alliteration
Repeated vowel sounds in unrhymed, stressed syllables
Assonance
A lyric poem expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker
Anglo-Saxon Lyrics
A poem mourning the loss of someone or something
Elegy
A long narrative poem, sometimes developed orally, that celebrates heroic deeds and legendary events
Epic
Tells the story of past evens using reliable evidence, such as eye witness reports and documents
Historical Writing
Usually with four strong beats
Regular Rhymes
Pauses for breath in the middle of lines
Caesuras
Two-word posting renaming, like “whales’ home” for the sea
Kennings
A larger-than-life character
Epic Hero
Are acts that reveal the epic hero’s extraordinary qualities and reflect the values cherished by his culture
Valorous Deeds
Stories about héros that were passed down orally
Folk Epics
Composed by individual authors who drew on the mentions of folk epics
Literary Epics
Most epics share literary or formal characteristics
Epic Convention
A book that gives an account on a person’s life
Autobiography
A book written by a person on another person
Biography
A dangerous mission sought out by the epic hero
Quest
Events from the history of a nation that provides the theme and the back drop for the epic hero
Great Events
What was Bede’s main reason for writing A History of the English Church? a)to compare Britain and Ireland b)to identify the languages spoken c)to describe the geography of Britain d)to record the history of Britain
D) To record the history of Britain
According to Bede, what was the greatest thing that Britain had to offer? a)it had many natural resources b)it had a very warm climate c)it had a powerful navy d)it operated under one government
A) It had many natural resources
Read these quotations from A History of the English Church and People. Based on the details they provide, which quotation is probably the most historically accurate? a)”Ihave heard that folk suffering from snakebite have drunk water in which scrapings from the leaves of books from Ireland have been steeped…” b)”On the opposite side of Britain, which lies open to the boundless ocean, lie the isles of the Orcades.” c)”As Saint Basil says: ‘Water receives its heat when it flows across certain metals, and becomes hot..'” d)…almost everything in the isle enjoys immunity to poison…”
B) “On the opposite side of Britain, which lies the boundless ocean, lie the isles of the Orcades.”
According to Bede, what is true of Ireland? a)it is the largest island b)it gets a lot of snow c)it does not have any snakes d)the climate is too warm
A) It is the largest island
What keeps Bede from being completely accurate in his A History of the English Church and People? a)he sometimes accepted unlikely stories as true b)he usually did not tell where he got information c)much of his information comes from his own observations d)he used the limited resources available to him at the time
D) He used the limited resources available to him at the time
Why does Bede go into such detail in A History of the English Church and People to describe the kinds of shell fish found in Britain? a)he knows his readers are interested in the fish of the seacoast. b)he wants to show how varied and rich the waters of Britain are. c)he wants readers to know the Britons are well nourished. d)he is stressing the importance of the seacoast.
D) He is stressing the importance of the seacoast
Why does Bede include a quotation from the Scots in A History of the English Church and People? a)he is trying to flatter the Scots. b)he wants to show how unreasonable the Scots were. c)he wants to make it seem that he was present at the time. d)he has read the quotation in another work.
C) He wants to make it seem that he was present at the time.
How does Ireland’s climate compare to Britain’s in A History of the English Church and People? a)it is much colder. b)it is much wetter. c)it is more variable. d)it is superior.
D) It is superior
What attitude toward women is Bede expressing in this quotation from A History of the English Church and People? “Having no women with them, these Picts asked wives of the scots, who consented on condition that, when any dispute arose, they should choose a king from the female royal line rather than the male.” a)Picts believed Scots women brought a high social status. b)Picts held little respect for Scots women. c)Scots women were eager to marry Pict men d)Scots wanted political influence in the Pict royal court.
D) Scots wanted political influence in the Pict royal court.
What does Bede feel most unifies the people of Britain in A History of the English Church and People? a)their love of the land b)their fear of the Picts c)their desire for peace d)their belief in and study of God’s truth
D) Their belief in and study of God’s truth
What does innumerable mean in this line from A History of the English Church and People? “In old times, the country had twenty-eight noble cities, and innumerable castles…” a)several b)countless c)song d)stone
B) Countless
What are the promontories that Bede describes in A History of the English Church and People? a)peaks of the high costal land b)cases with strong walls c)gently rolling hills d)a kind of shellfish
A) Peaks of high costal land
What word means the same as the word in parentheses in this sentence from A History of the English Church and People? “…vine are (cultivated) in various localities.” a)cut b)picked c)grow d)burned
C) Grown
Worthy, deserving recognition and praise
Meritorious
One that occupies a position or place
Occupant
An irregularly shaped spot or discolored area
Spotch
Marked by or given to doubt
Skeptically
A medicinal fluid rubbed into the skin to soothe pain or relieve stiffness
Liniment

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