Exam #1 Practice Test

Exam #1 Practice Test

Which of the following statements best describes naturalization laws in the United States prior to 1870?
Only free whites could become naturalized citizens.
What do we call the belief that political authority should rest with the people themselves?
popular sovereignty.
Which of the following is the best example of a unitary system of government?
The federal government sets detailed educational guidelines that all local governments must implement.
A woman’s constitutional right to privacy was established in which case?
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965).
About what percentage of Americans know who’s job it is to determine whether a law is constitutional or not?
Which of the following statements best describes why Alexander Hamilton opposed a bill of rights?
He believed it was unnecessary for a national government to possess only explicitly delegated powers.
What is direct democracy?
a system that allows citizens to vote directly for laws and policies.
Why was the Supreme Court’s decision in King v. Burwell (2015) was most significant?
It ensured that federal subsidies to help pay for health insurance would be available to residents in all states.
The National Origins Quota System, adopted in 1924, does what?
Allows for more immigrants from Northern European countries like Germany and Norway, and restricts the numbers of immigrants from other parts of the world
Roughly what percentage of Americans are able to name at least 2 branches of government?
25%
Which of the following statements about the Articles of Confederation is true?
The Continental Congress had no power to lay taxes.
Approximately what percent of the world’s population currently lives in a constitutional democracy?
43
Using block grants to return power to the states was a hallmark of which type of federalism?
New Federalism
Government is best defined as what?
the institutions and procedures by which a territory and its people are ruled.
Which state did NOT send delegates to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia?
Rhode Island
How did the Supreme Court rule in Lawrence v. Texas (2003)?
laws criminalizing sexual behavior are a violation of the right to privacy.
Which of the following countries does NOT have a written constitution?
The United Kingdom
Which immigration law transferred power over immigration from the states to the federal government?
Which of the following is true of government and politics?
Government is an institution, while politics is a process
What was Justice Potter Stewart talking about when he declared, “I know it when I see it”?
pornography
What do we call the requirement that a person under arrest be informed of his or her right to remain silent?
Miranda
By 1932, approximately what percentage of the labor force in the United States was unemployed?
25
The is the name of the key group in Europe that pushed for limited government?
bourgeoisie
According to the Naturalization Act of 1906, which of the following was required to become a US Citizen?
Be white and Speak English
Which of the following best describes the primary purpose of the Annapolis Convention?
to discuss revising the Articles of Confederation
Which of the following is the most accurate example of the process of direct democracy?
Citizens in a state approving the use of medical marijuana through a popular referendum
The Boston Tea Party was largely a response to which of the following scenarios?
British government’s decision to grant the East India Company a monopoly on the export of tea from Britain.
What is “digital citizenship”?
the ability to participate in society online.
Which of the following is true regarding women immediately following the Revolutionary War?
Prohibition on women’s suffrage become common in many states
The Federalists believed that the most likely source of tyranny was from whom?
the general public
Which of the following best describes a system of government in which member states retain almost all of their sovereign authority and delegate limited powers to a weak central body?
confederation
Which of the following Supreme Court cases limited federal power?
United States v. Lopez
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) established which right?
The right to counsel in felony cases.
Under the Naturalization Act of 1790, which of the following were requirements for citizenship?
Be white, and have lived in the country for at least 2 years
Which of the following most accurately describes the consequences of declining trust in government?
Distrust makes it difficult for government to attract talented and effective workers to public service.
Which of the following statements best describes the Supreme Court’s ruling on the Affordable Care Act’s individual mandate (as of 2016)?
Which of the following statements best describes why Progressives supported women’s suffrage in the early twentieth century?
The Progressives believed women would support their reform movement.
To what does the “individual mandate” in the Affordable Care Act refer?
the requirement that individuals purchase health care insurance coverage or pay a penalty to the federal government
Which of the following is considered to be one of the key successes of the Articles of Confederation?
The Northwest Ordinance
What was the primary purpose of the Federalist Papers?
To persuade in favor of ratifying the Constitution
How did the American Duties Act of 1764 (aka The Sugar) Act differ from the Molasses Act of 1733?
The Sugar Act allowed officers who found contraband to split the profits
A federal grant to states to assist in the building of new public schools is an example of what type of grant?
categorical
Why were attempts by Congress to regulate child labor and factory conditions in local workplaces struck down by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional in the late nineteenth century?
Regulating local workplaces was beyond the scope of interstate commerce at the time
“Marble cake federalism” is most closely associated with which of the following terms?
Cooperative federalism
Which of the following amendments would be MOST likely to succeed?
An amendment to lower the voting age in federal elections to 16 years old
What do we call areas of personal freedom from which the government is constrained from interfering?
Civil liberties
Which of the following is required by the Constitution’s Full Faith and Credit Clause?
States must honor each other’s public acts and legal decisions.
Which clauses of the U.S. Constitution involve the relationships between and among the various states?
the full faith and credit clause and the privileges and immunities clause
What was the Supreme Court’s ruling in EEOC v. Abercrombie & Fitch Stores, Inc.(2015)?
Retail stores cannot refuse to hire individuals whose religious dress is in violation of company dress policies.
What do we call the judicial doctrine that places a heavy burden of proof on the government when it seeks to regulate speech?
strict scrutiny
Which of the following statements best describes the National Origin Quota System? The National Origin Quota System…
allowed a large quota of new immigrants from northern European countries but only a small quota of new immigrants from eastern and southern European countries.
Which of the following is the most common method of passing an amendment to the Constitution?
in both houses of Congress by a two-thirds vote, followed by a majority vote in three-fourths of the state legislature.
Who orchestrated the Boston Tea Party?
Samuel Adams
Which of the following is true about the Southern Manifesto?
It was written during the 1950’s
Which of the following accurately describes the nature of civil rights and liberties?
What was the overall importance of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)?
The Court interpreted the delegated powers of Congress broadly, creating the potential for increased national powers.
Overall, Americans’ how has Americans’ trust in government changed over time?
It has declined sharply
Which of the following statements is most accurate?
Native Americans became U.S. citizens in 1924.
Which of the following best describes a grand jury?
a jury that determines whether there is enough evidence to justify a trial
What do we call the belief that citizens can influence what government does?
political efficacy
Which of the following statements best describes the 2005 Supreme Court ruling on medicinal marijuana?
The federal government has the power to regulate use of medicinal marijuana under the commerce clause.
Which of the following statements best describes the employment of Americans by the federal government today?
The federal government is the nation’s largest employer.
States were constitutionally permitted to ban firearms until what year?
2010
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the Three-Fifths Compromise?
It determined that three out of every five slaves would be counted for purposes of representation and taxation.
According to the textbook, states routinely disobey federal law regarding what policy issue?
Marijuana legalization
How did dual federalism help to establish a “commercial republic”?
The function of the federal government was to promote and assist commerce.
During the ratification debates, who were the Antifederalists?
those who opposed the new Constitution because they wanted a weaker central government
What was the key goal of the Articles of Confederation?
limiting the powers of the central government.
What was the goal of Shay’s Rebellion?
To prevent the state of Massachusetts from foreclosing on the lands of debt-ridden farmers.
Which of the following statements best describes the intended balance of power in the Constitution?
The legislative branch was designed to be the most powerful
Which of the following statements concerning political values in the United States is most accurate?
American values often conflict with each other in practice.
Who coined the term “A republic, if you can keep it”?
Benjamin Franklin
Prior to the Stamp Act, New England merchants and Southern planters most closely aligned themselves with which group?
Royalists
According to the Founding Fathers, all of the following are functions of government EXCEPT:
Popular sovereignty
During the era of dual federalism, what was the primary goal of the federal government’s domestic policies?
to promote the development of commercial activity between and among the states
What is a government that is formally limited by laws and rules called?
constitutional
During the ratification debate, which group argued that a Bill of Rights was unnecessary?
The Federalists
Which of the following is the best example of a concurrent power under the U.S. Constitution?
the power to regulate commercial activity
Which of the following is true about African-Americans immediately following the Revolutionary War?
Some states passed laws banning free blacks from entering the state
The British chose to tax the colonists in response to what event?
The French and Indian War
Individual rights are mostly designed to protect us against which of the following?
the tyranny of the majority
What do we call the process by which the Supreme Court has expanded specific parts of the Bill of Rights to protect citizens against both state and federal actions?
selective incorporation
The idea to institute a boycott of British goods was a product of what event?
The Stamp Act Congress
Under the Articles of Confederation, who executed the laws passed by the Continental Congress.
the states
Which principle gives the federal government the power to override any state or local law?
preemption
Which of the following is most necessary for political efficacy?
political knowledge
What was the Stamp Act?
a tax on commerce
Which level of government writes the majority of criminal laws?
the state governments
The destruction of Governor Hutchinson’s home was a response to the passage of which law by Parliament?
The Stamp Act
Which of the following statements best describes the history of American federalism?
Since the Founding, there has been considerable debate about the allocation of responsibilities between the states and the federal government.
What is the main benefit of a constitutional government?
The government is limited by the rule of law.
Which of the following best describes a key accomplishment of the Declaration of Independence?
It helped unify colonial groups that were divided along economic, regional, and philosophical lines by identifying shared problems, grievances, and principles.
Which clause is the source of implied powers under the U.S. Constitution?
necessary and proper
Which legal principle prohibits the introduction in trial of any piece of evidence that has been obtained illegally?
exclusionary rule
What was the most common form of taxation during the colonial era?
taxes on commercial products and activities
Ohio University was founded in 1804 as a direct result of what piece of legislation?
The Northwest Ordinance
What is a government that is not constrained by legal limits and also seeks to eliminate any challenges to its authority?
totalitarian
According to Laswell (1936), what is politics?
“Who gets what, when, and how?”
At the time of the founding of the republic, approximately what percentage of non-Native American inhabitants of the thirteen states were of European ancestry?
80
Compared with the Articles of Confederation, federalism under the Constitution led to which trend?
greater centralization of power
What motto best describes Thomas Hobbes’ view of life without government?
“Nasty, brutish, and short”
Which of the following statements best describes the term “politics”?
Conflicts over the character, membership, and policies of any organization to which people belong.
Samuel Adams drafted the “circular letter” in response to which event?
The Townshend Duties
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between race and trust in the United States? African-Americans and Latinos…
The closing of the Athens Insane Asylum (also known as The Ridges) is a direct result of which of the following?
Devolution
As of 2016, which of following statements about immigration law is most accurate?
The Supreme Court has ruled that state police are allowed to check the immigration status of anyone stopped or arrested.
Which of the following is an example of a policy designed to support equality of outcome?
An increase in the minimum wage