Finance

Finance

Problem 7: Ratios and Financial Planning at East Coast Yachts Dan Ervin was recently hired by East Coast Yachts to assist the company with its short-term financial planning and also to evaluate the company’s finished performance. Dan graduated from college five years ago with a Finance degree, and he has been employed in the treasury department of Fortune 500 company since then. East Coast Yachts was founded 10 years ago by Larissa Warren. The company’s operations are located hear Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, and the company is structured at an LLC.

The company has manufactured custom midsize, high-performance yachts for clients over this period, and its products have also recently received the highest award for customer satisfaction. The yacht is manufactured for purchase by a company for business purposes. The custom yacht industry is fragmented, with number of manufacturers. As with any industry, there are market leaders, but the diverse nature of industry ensures that no manufacturer dominates the market.

The competition is the market, as well as the product cost, ensures that attention to detail is a necessity. For instance, East Coast Yachts will spend 80 to 100 hours on hand-buffing the stainless steel stem-iron, which is the metal cap on the yacht’s bow that conceivably could collide with a dock or another boat. To get Dan started with his analyses, Larissa had provided the following financial statements. Dan had gathered the industry ratios for the yacht manufacturing industry.

East Coast Yachts: 2009 Income Statement |Sales | $ 167,310,000 | |COGS | 117,910,000 | |Other expenses | 19,994,000 | |Depreciation | 5,460,000 | |EBIT | $ 23,946,000 | |Interest | 3,009,000 | |Taxable income | $ 0,937,000 | |Taxes (40%) | 8,374,800 | |Net income | $ 12,562,200 | |  |  | |Dividends | $ 7,537,320 | |Add to RE | $ 5,024,880 | |  |  |

East Coast Yachts: Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2009 |Assets | |Liabilities & Equity | |Current Assets | | |Current liabilities | | | Cash |3,042,000 | | Accounts payable |6,461,000 | | Accounts rec. 5,473,000 | | Notes payable |13,078,000 | | Inventory |6,136,000 | | Total CL |19,539,000 | | Total CA |14,651,000 | | | | | | | |Long-term debt |33,735,000 | |Fixed assets | | | | | | Net PP&E |93,964,000 | |Shareholder equity | | | | | | Common stock |5,200,000 | | | | | Retained earnings |50,141,000 | | | | | Total equity |55,341,000 | |Total assets |108,615,000 | |Total L&E |108,615,000 | | |Yacht Industry Ratios | | | |Lower Quartile |Median |Upper Quartile | |Current ratio |0. 50 |1. 43 |1. 89 | |Quick ratio |0. 21 |0. 38 |0. 62 | |Total asset turnover |0. 68 |0. 85 |1. 38 | |Inventory turnover |4. 89 |6. 15 |10. 9 | |Receivables turnover |6. 27 |9. 82 |14. 11 | |Debt ratio |0. 44 |0. 52 |0. 61 | |Debt-equity ratio |0. 79 |1. 08 |1. 56 | |Equity multiplier |1. 79 |2. 08 |2. 56 | |Interest coverage |5. 18 |8. 06 |9. 83 | |Profit margin |4. 05% |6. 98% |9. 7% | |Return on assets |6. 05% |10. 53% |13. 21% | |Return on equity |9. 93% |16. 54% |36. 15% | 1. Calculate all of the ratios listed in the industry table for East Coast yachts. 2. Compare the performance of East Coast Yachts to the industry as a whole. For each ratio comment on why it might be viewed as positive or negative relative to the industry. Suppose you create an inventory ratio calculated as inventory divided by current liabilities. How do you interpret this ratio? How does East Coast Yachts compare to the industry average?