GA/US History Exam – ga history

GA/US History Exam – ga history

Colonial GA
-envisioned free of slaves, producing luxury items
-trustees became royal governors
James Edward Oglethorpe
-founder of Georgia
Singers from GA*
-Little Richard
-Ray Charles
-James Brown
Colonial GA Economy
-slavery = commonplace
-wanted luxury goods (silk)
-mostly single-crop plantations (indigo, rice, later cotton)
Origin of Slavery in GA
-Thomas Stephens, Patrick Telfair didn’t want to work
-wanted to copy SC’s slave economy
Social Tensions in Colonial GA
-Radical movement (antislavery movement)
GA in War on Independence
-citizen’s prospered under Royal rule (1752)
-protection form Indian attack
James Wright
-Stamp Act: direct imposed tax by British (unpopular)
-3rd and last royal governor of GA
Nancy Morgan Hart
-Held 6 British soldier at gunpoint
-determined to rid area of Tories (British Loyalists)
GA from 1783 to 1865
-slavery increased dramatically
-land area grew
GA Land Growth (1783-1865)
-ceded some land from Mississippi
-grew to be like SC (plantation economy based on rice)
Yazoo Land Fraud
-post revolutionary war
-GA governor signed yazoo act: transferred 35 million acres in present day AL&MIS to 4 companies for $500k
-distributed $ and land to influential Georgians
Governor James Jackson
-overturned Yazoo Land Fraud
-built GA’s first political party: Jeffersonian Republican Party
-Jefferson Papers
Trail of Tears
-Cherokees stripped of rights/land and forced to walk to west of Miss. River
Georgia’s Secession
-secession in milledgeville: convention of 1861 (to seceed and get new constitution)
-GA had much geographical importance to the movement and value as cotton producer
Joseph Brown
-resistance to authority of central confederate government
-governor during civil war
-challenged confederate draft (gave many exemptions)
Milledgeville
-capitol/host of secession convention
-capital during Civil War
Henry L Benning
-Jurist who became the associate justice of the supreme court of GA
-advocate for secession
-brigadier general during Civil War
-Fort Benning
Robert Toombs
-secessionist
-helped lead GA out of the union
-US congressman and senator
-influential GA politician
Georgia from 1865 to 1890
-after fall of Confederacy
-GA resisted Reconstruction
but Democrats took over 1871
Crop-lien System*
-credit system used by farmers
-money from local merchants before planting season
-created debt for white and black farmers alike
Rufus Bullock
-1 republican to be elected governor of GA
-most hated man in during reconstruction
-force from office by KKK
-came from North
Tunis Campbell
-Black
-most influential black politician in 19th century GA
-VP of republican party in GA
-state senator
Georgia Populism
-1892 Thomas Watson: appealed to white farmers with debt
-challenged dominance of democratic party
-Farms Alliance became populists
-effective, but short-lived
the “New South” Crusade
-promote prosperity through economic diversification
-rapid expansion of industry
-led by Henry Grady (says importing = GA econ. shortcoming)
Georgia’s Flags
-1st flag=1879-1902
-Confederate Flag=*1956*-2001
-Current Flag=2003-present
“Jim Crow” Era
-Separate but equal (mandated)
-blacks refused right to vote
-Civil Rights
New Deal in GA
-brought Relief, Recovery, Reform after Great Depression
-FDR at Warm Springs
-Agriculture revitalized
-Conservatives opposed federal programs
WEB Du Bois
-black educator/activist
-co-founder of NAACP
Rebecca Latimar Felton*
-first woman to serve in US Senate
-Women’s Rights (Progressive Era Reform)
Lee Frank
-raped and murdered 13yo girl
-worked for National Pencil Company
County-Unit System
-allowed for rural control of elections, disregarding urban areas
Agriculture Adjustment Administration
-paid farms NOT to plant crops on parts of their land to raise price of crops and reduce surplus
Herman Talmadge
-son of Eugene Talmadge
-served during political transition
-opposed civil rights
Jimmy Carter
-Pres 1976
-first from GA
sir james wright
1761 third and last royal governor of GA
battle of kettle creek
valentine’s day 1779, wilkes county, against tories
battle of bloody marsh
1742, st.simons, english vs. spanish
worcester v ga
cherokee indians 1832
joseph e brown
42nd gov of ga 1857
atlanta race riot 1906
white mobs killed dozens of blacks
flannery o’conner
fiction writer, catholic
3 governors controversy
1946-47 eugene died and his son took governor’s office, along with melvin thompson, ellis arnall
great speckled bird
one of several underground newspapers that appeared in the United States in the 1960s. Published in Atlanta from 1968 to 1976
maynard jackson
first african american mayor of atlanta, 1974-82, 1990-94
margaret mitchell
born 1900 in ATL, wrote gone with the wind in 1936
eugene talmadge
Democratic politician who served two terms as the 67th Governor of Georgia from 1933 to 1937, and a third term from 1941 to 1943
herman talmadge
(eugene’s son) Democratic American politician from the state of Georgia. He served as the 70th Governor of Georgia briefly in 1947 and again from 1948 to 1955
joel chandler harris
journalist, fiction writer, and folklorist best known for his collection of Uncle Remus stories. Harris was born in Eatonton, Georgia
william t sherman
the most hated and despised man in the history of Georgia. rom the onset of hostilities in the Atlanta Campaign on May 6, 1864 and the March to the Sea ending two days before Christmas 1864 with him capturing Savannah, no one created more destruction. As a result of his successful campaign in Georgia, the Confederacy was split in two and deprived of much needed supplies, ending the war quickly with a Union victory
alexander stephens
politician from Georgia and Vice President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War
thomas watson
In his early years he was characterized as a liberal, especially for his time. In later years he emerged as a force for white supremacy and anti-Catholic rhetoric. elected to the Georgia General Assembly (1882), the U.S. House of Representatives (1890), and the U.S. Senate (1920).
hank aaron
african american baseball player 1954-1976
ted turner
a media magnate, philanthropist, and restauranteur, has played a significant role in the Atlanta business and entertainment communities since the establishment of his Turner Broadcasting System in 1970