Geography Study Guide

Geography Study Guide

Terms| Definitions| Pacific island groups:| Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia| (Pacific) Micronesia means-| small islands| (Pacific) Melanesia means-| black islands| (Pacific) Polynesia means-| many islands| (Pacific) Divided into high islands and low islands based on-| physical characteristics| High Islands-| mountains created by tectonic forces, volcanoes and earth quakes| Low Islands-| coral reef| Coral Reef-| formed from living coral polyps accumulating over time| (Pacific) Natives| aren’t sure how they got there| WW11 caused-| not much attention| U. S. sed marshal islands for-| nuclear testing- Bikini Atoll| Trust Territories (Pacific)| territories supervised by another nation| Pacific have low or high standard of living? | low| Pacific cash crops| rubber, coffee, sugarcane in high islands of Melanesia and Polynesia| (P) what is growing rapidly? | tourism| Antarctica is larger than… | Australia| (A) Discovered-| last 1820s| (A) Is the highest or lowest continent? | highest| (A) land is feet below sea level| 280 ft| Park ice of icebergs and| ice surrounds the continent and ice shelves| Ross ice shelf reached in| 1840s| A) 1st explorer set foot in-| 1895| 1961 what was signed? | Antarctic treaty by 12 countries| (A) Treaty was renewed in-| 1989 with 28 more countries adding to treaty| (Au) is the blank largest country-| 6th| (AU) is about the size of-| U. S. | Block rain-| great dividing range| Longest river in the east-| Murray river| Outback-| central and western plains and plateaus| (AU) population-| about 19 million| (AU) where does most of the population live? | Eastern and southeastern coast| (AU) Low or high standard of living| high| 1st Australians| Aborigines|

Who killed, infected, and drove of Aborigines? | Europeans| Claimed AUS for UK| Captain James cook| (AU) most immigrants come from-| pacific islands and southeast Asia| (AU) climate-| hot and dry| (AU) has more rain-| coastal areas| (NZ) 1,000 miles away from-| Australia| (NZ) has two islands-| North and South islands| (NZ) North Island-| narrow, hilly, central plateau| (NZ) South island-| longer and more mountainous with glaciers lakes and fjords| (NZ) has what type of roots? | Polynesian and European roots| Captain cook landed in NZ in-| 1769|

Maoris-| natives, that have violent contact| (NZ) 1840 was treaty between-| Maoris and UK| Who cut down the forests in the 1800s? | Europeans| half the land of NZ is used for-| pasture| NZ major exports-| wool and kiwi| NZ 75% live on the| north island| NZ Less than 15% live on the| countryside| NZ 85% live on the| urban areas| NZ government is based on-| UK model| NZ 88% of population is of descent? | European descent| NZ significant influence of culture? | Maori| NZ has high or low standard of living? | high|