Glencoe World History Chapter 19: Industrialization and Nationalism

Glencoe World History Chapter 19: Industrialization and Nationalism

Enclosure movement *
In Great Britain in the 1700s, this Parliamentary decree allowed fencing off of common lands, forcing many peasants to move to town.
Capital *
Money available for investment
Entrepreneur *
a person interested in finding new business opportunities and new ways to make profits
Cottage Industry*
a method of production in which tasks are done by individuals in their rural homes
Puddling*
a process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high-quality iron
an economic system based on industrial production or manufacturing
Socialism*
a system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production
James Watt *
A Scottish engineer who improved the steam engine in the 1760s
Manchester*
A rich cotton-manufacturing town that was linked to the thriving port of Liverpool
Liverpool*
A thriving port that was linked to the cotton-manufacturing town of Manchester with a 32-mile railroad
Robert Fulton*
He built the first paddle-wheel steamboat in 1807.
Conservatism*
a political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, favoring obedience to political authority and organized religion
Principle of Intervention*
the idea that great powers have the right to send armies into countries where there are revolutions to restore legitimate governments
Liberalism*
a political philosophy originally based largely on Enlightenment principles, holding that people should be as free as possible from government restraint and that civil liberties – the basic rights of all people – should be protected
Universal Male Suffrage*
the right of all males to vote in elections
Multinational State*
a state in which people of many nationalities live
Constitution*
the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it
Radical
relating to a political group associated with views, practices, and policies of extreme change
Congress of Vienna
a conference held by ambassadors of European states to provide a long-term peace plan for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars
Klemens von Metternich
Conservative Austrian foreign minister who was present at the Congress of Vienna; he claimed that the principle of legitimacy guided him
Vienna
Capital of the Austrian Empire where the Congress of ______ was held
Bill of Rights
A written document guaranteeing civil liberties; an example of this is the American ____ of ______
Louis-Napoleon
Nephew of Napoleon who was the first president of the Second Republic
Militarism
reliance on military strength
Plebiscite
a popular vote
Abolitionism
a movement to end slavery
Charles Darwin
promoted the idea that humans are material beings who are part of the natural world; he came up with organic evolution
Agrarian Revolution
Expansion of farmland, good weather, improved transportation, and new crops
What were the 5 reason the Industrial Revolution began in Britain?
1. Agrarian Revolution
2. Increased food Supply
3. Steady Supply of money
4. Natural Resources
5. Supply of markets