Government Unit 1

law enforcement
The government provides a number of public safety services, including
federal
State governments must follow which type of laws
Government creates laws and provides leadership
Which best describes the two main functions of US government
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to represent their interests in government
Which best describes why voters choose political candidates
guarantee rights for citizens
A purpose of government in the United States is to
monarchy
Which form of government serves the interests of royal family members
In some countries, citizens do not have the right to vote
Which best states a difference between voting in the US and in other countries
communist
A country governed by a central party is best characterized as
police officers
A public safety service the US government provides is
separation of powers
The division of the US government into three branches is called
building bridges and roads
One responsibility of the government is to provide public works, which includes
the economy
What does the US government help regulate
judicial branch
The part of the US government that interprets laws is the
public education
The government provides a number of public welfare services, including
theocracy and communism
What are two types of oligarchies
A communist government is led by one political party
Which statement best defines a communist government
he holds all of the power
In an autocracy, what kind of power does the leader hold
from the time of taking the throne to their death
How long is an individual monarch’s term of rule
federal system
Central and state governments influence each other in
large groups of voters would be difficult to manage
The best reason why direct democracy would not work well in the United States is that
direct and representative
The two forms of democracy are
Athens had a small population
Why did direct democracy work for the ancient Greek city of Athens
The leader maintains power through force
Which statement best characterizes a dictatorship
is the leader of the party that won the most seats
In a parliamentary system of representative democracy, the prime minister
all citizens
In a direct democracy, who votes on government policy
citizens
In the United States, who elects the legislature
Citizens elect leaders who vote on the issues in a representative democracy, and citizens vote on the issues in a direct democracy
What is the main way a representative democracy differs from a direct democracy
a government ruled by a small, elite group
An oligarchy is best defined as
separates powers, keeping one body from gaining too much power
A benefit of a bicameral legislature is that it
three
How many of the Ten Commandments can be found in the laws of the United States
general assembly
All citizens in ancient Athens took part in government by voting in the
citizens to participate in government
The most important way in which the Greeks influenced American democracy was by allowing
Women can vote and serve in government
What would most surprise an ancient Athenian about government in the United States today
treated all its people fairly regardless of class
Pericles claimed that the Athenian government, unlike other Greek city-states
vote on important decisions
A direct democracy is one in which all citizens
The legislative branch in Athens had two main bodies
In what way did ancient Athens influence the framers of the United States Constitution
Greek-city states
Where did democracy begin
equality of all citizens
You shall not render an unjust judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great: with justice you shall judge your neighbor. Which principle of American government is reflected in this passage
living and worshiping
The Ten Commandments are a list of rules for
Christians and Jews
Judeo-Christian principles refer to the religious beliefs and values held in common by
rome
In addition to Judeo-Christian principles, American government was influenced by principles first used in ancient Greece and in
two
A bicameral legislature is made up of how many bodies
allow for a diversity of opinions
state which becomes progressively more and more a unity will cease to be a state at all. Plurality of numbers is natural in a state; and the further it moves away from plurality towards unity, the less of a state it becomes. Aristotle believed that the citizens of a successful state must
Commentaries on the Laws of England
The English document that laid the groundwork for judges in the US to rule based on precedent is known as the
gave more power to the people and protected their rights
An important effect of the Magna Carta on English government was that it
common laws became more accessible
What was an important effect of Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England
speak freely
The English Bill of Rights declared that each member of Parliament had the right to
parliament
According to the English Bill of Rights, who makes laws regarding taxation
legislative branch
The Magna Carta led to the creation of Parliament, England’s
were tired of his tyrannical rule
The Magna Carta was presented to King John in 1215 because people
the monarchy
The English Bill of Rights put limits on the power of
common law
Which of these best completes the empty box to the right with limited government and rights for citizens
created a record of common law
William Blackstone was important because he
king
The Magna Carta placed clear limits on the power of the
due process
No freeman is to be taken or imprisoned or disseised of his free tenement or of his liberties or free customs. . . . To no-one will we sell or deny of delay right or justice.
This part of the document granted people the right to
protection against unusual punishment and the right to trial by jury
Key privileges included in both the English Bill of Rights and the US Bill of Rights include
right to trial by jury, bear arms, and protection from cruel and unusual punishment.
Which rights for citizens appear in the English Bill of Rights? Check all that apply
communicate opinions and ideas
That the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament.
According to this excerpt, members of Parliament are allowed to
precedent
Common law refers to laws determined through
power over the English monarchy3+
The Glorious Revolution of 1688 demonstrated that Parliament had
freedom
When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner.
According to the quote, what is lost if one person has too much power.
the natural rights governing human behavior and society
What did the philosophers of the Enlightenment seek to understand
naturally reasonable
John Locke believed humans are
think
Have the bravery to use your own reason! – that sums up the meaning of enlightenment. According to the quote, the Enlightenment encourages people to do what for themselves.
individual
The key idea of John Locke’s Enlightenment theory was to protect and enhance the freedoms and rights of
Thomas Hobbes
Who supported the Enlightenment idea that people are naturally selfish
life, liberty, and property
Locke argued that all humans are born with what natural rights
to reduce liberty
Law was brought into the world for nothing else but to limit the natural liberty of particular men in such manner as they might not hurt but assist one another and join together against a common enemy.
According to Hobbes, what is the primary purpose of the social contract?
human reason
What did philosophers of the Enlightenment have faith in, believing it could answer questions and solve problems
rulers
According to John Locke, who must respect the rights of the citizens
universal rights
Which term is synonymous with “natural rights,” according to Enlightenment philosophers
government
John Locke helped develop the idea of a social contract between citizens and the
to limit the power of any single group or person
Why did Montesquieu advocate the separation of powers
innately violent
John Locke thought that people were neither good nor bad innately. How did Hobbes’s views differ from those of Locke’s
as useful
How did the Enlightenment’s theories of government view the role of government
reason
The Enlightenment was an age of inquiry based on
what, not religion
do not come from the government
John Locke believed that natural rights
government violated social contract, it is okay
Under what circumstances did John Locke think it would be acceptable for the people to overthrow the government
driving on the highway
Which could be considered an act indicating acceptance of the social contract
Government has the power to protect natural rights, but people can change their government if it fails to do so
Which best summarizes the social contract outlined in the Preamble to the Declaration of Independence
the rights that cannot, or should not, be taken away
Which statement describes a natural right
cannot be surrendered
The Declaration of Independence refers to rights as being unalienable. What does “unalienable” mean
the body
Which part of the Declaration of Independence acts as an implied plan of action, in that it lists laws and practices to be changed
They are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
John Locke, an Enlightenment-era philosopher, influenced the American movement for independence. Locke believed that all people were entitled to natural rights. Which quotation from the preamble to the Declaration of Independence enshrines natural rights
They were taxed without having representation in Parliament.
Why were taxes an ongoing source of conflict for the American colonists
Yes. It outlines when it is appropriate to remove a government.
Does the preamble to the Declaration of Independence indicate reasons why the new independent government might be similarly removed or overthrown? Why or why not?
He believed the king would only approve laws that benefited Britain.
Why did Thomas Paine question British authority to rule the colonies in Common Sense
Thomas Paine published Common Sense
As the result of a conflict between British troops and a colonial militia in Massachusetts
It was the first major act of defiance by the colonists
Which best describes why the Boston Tea Party is considered such a significant event in US history
the Preamble
In which section of the Declaration of Independence is the purpose of government described
1774
As the colonies moved toward independence, the First Continental Congress was created in
inalienable
Which type of rights did the colonists who drafted the Declaration of Independence most want to protect
a government based on a social contract
The preamble to the Declaration of Independence outlines the principles upon which the new government would be based. Which of these best describes one of those principles
the right to self-govern
The Declaration of Independence intended to end British rule in the colonies, and grant citizens
No. The war started a year before the Declaration of Independence was written.
Was the Declaration of Independence intended to be a formal declaration of war? Why or why not
increased open public support for independence
Which had the greatest influence in prompting the Second Continental Congress to declare independence
In order for the Articles of Confederation to be more successful, all states must work together.
If the cartoon is interpreted with the Articles of Confederation in mind, what would it most likely be saying?
drawing up treaties
Which responsibilities were assigned to the federal government under the Articles of Confederation
the states
If a power was not specified under the Articles of Confederation, who would be responsible for it
administrative
The fact that there was no national military was a weakness in which area of government
to have a unified nation for times of war
Which was a main reason for creating the Articles of Confederation
Nine of the states had to agree before a law was passed
Why was it very difficult to get laws passed under the Articles of Confederation
weak
Which word best describes the federal government that was created under the Articles of Confederation
The Declaration of Independence outlined a relationship between individuals and the government but did not detail the power and control of that government
Why did colonists feel the Articles of Confederation were necessary even though the Declaration of Independence was already written
The national government didn’t hold enough power.
What was the main failure of the Articles of Confederation that eventually led to the US Constitution
The federal government had no national army
What would be the federal government’s biggest problem if a war was imminent
There was no national court system
Which reason most closely illustrates why the federal government was unable to maintain order in the new nation
all of them
A state legislator wants to amend the Articles of Confederation. How many states would have to agree in order for the amendment to pass
Both regions recognized that how enslaved people were counted would significantly affect representation
Why was the issue of slavery so important to the delegates of the Constitutional Convention
a government made up of two parts or houses
What is the best definition of bicameral
to discuss a better system of government
Why did the state delegates meet in 1787
representation
The issue of slavery at the Constitutional Convention was actually an issue about
They generally had less enslaved labor than the southern states
Which statement about the northern states in the 1780s is accurate
the House of Representatives
In what part of the Great Compromise are the ideas of the Virginia Plan represented
in every single state
According to the 1790 census, where did enslaved people live within the United States
The farms of the South raised agricultural products
What was the primary way the farms in the South differed from those in the North
It created balance by blending the Virginia and New Jersey plans
How did the Great Compromise resolve the dispute about representation
delegates
What were the men who came to the Constitutional Convention referred to as

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