1. the establishment of democracy at Athens
2. the decline of Mycenaean civilization and its invasion by Dorian Greeks
3. the Trojan War and destruction of Troy
4. a besieged and weakened Egyptian Empire
1. the eruption of the volcano on Thera caused dust that dimmed the sun.
2. the Mycenaean culture collapsed.
3. Homer died, leaving his epics unfinished.
4. glaciers from the Ice Age spread all over Greece.
1. earlier civilizations had not invented anything useful.
2. Greeks didn’t really need to learn anything.
3. Greeks turned those things into something finer.
4. Greek gods had taught all those things to earlier civilizations.
1. resembled human beings.
2. shared the same virtues and defects as mankind.
3. periodically interfered in human affairs.
4. All these answers are correct.
1. the gods would reveal all knowledge according to their own plan.
2. all could be learned by studying the texts of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.
3. people could hasten the acquisition of knowledge by increasing religious sacrifices.
4. the world and the cosmos were accessible to human reason and based on natural laws.
1. an aristocratic ruler who cared only about the interests of his own class.
2. a ruler who used physical force rather than hereditary right or constitutional means to seize power.
3. a king who ruled in a cruel manner.
4. an elected leader of a democratic state.
1. undertook regular gymnastic exercises.
2. tended to stay within the home, presiding over spinning and weaving.
3. regularly took part in civic affairs.
4. traveled widely in the Greek world.