HIS101 Chapter 1

HIS101 Chapter 1

For administrative purposes in the Old Kingdom, Egypt was
divided into provinces called nomes and governed by nomarchs.
Originally the Osiris cult was reserved for
the wealthy who could afford preservation of the body.
In comparison to Mesopotamian society, Egyptian society was
more rural.
Akhenaten is best known for his unsuccessful attempt to reform Egypt’s
religion
Which is not true of Egyptian art
it was individually expressive, illustrated by many identifiable artists.
According to Egyptian theology, the pharaoh derived his authority from
the fact that he was perceived as a divine instrument of order and harmony
The word “Paleolithic” means “old stone”
True
In ancient civilizations, bronze would replace copper because
bronze was harder and more durable.
All of the following are believed to be developments of the Paleolithic Age except
The regular production of food through agriculture
The term “civilization” refers to human societies which, amongst other features,
have an urban focus and distinct religious structure.
The ruler Akkad, who established the first empire in Sumer ca. 2340 B.C. was
Sargon
The focal points and sources of life for the ancient Egyptians were the
Nile River and the pharaohs
The early Neolithic era saw
a slow transition from hunting and gathering to an agricultural society.
The word “theocracy” means “rule by the strongest”
False
The basic unit of early Mesopotamian civilization was the
city-state
Which of the following is not an Indo-European language?
Babylonian
Which of the following Egyptian gods was most closely associated with the mummification of the dead?
Osiris
In the thirteenth century the Egyptians were driven out od Palestine and back to their original frontiers by the
Sea Peoples
The great literary epic of the ancient Sumerians was known as the Book of the Dead
false
The Epic of Gilgamesh teaches that
human life is difficult and immortality is only for the gods.
The first modern Homo sapiens
first appeared in Africa between 200,000 and 150,000 years ago
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian social life?
Marriages were based on love and personal attraction.
Which of the following statements best applies to the status of women in Mesopotamian society?
The woman’s role was to be in the home and subservient to her husband.
The Hyksos
were a Semitic-speaking people who infiltrated Egypt in the seventeenth century B.C.
Heiroglyphics means “mystery”
False
The physical environment of the Mesopotamians generally led to
a pessimistic outlook with an emphasis on satisfying their angry gods.
One of the oldest known agricultural villages, located in Palestine, was
Jericho
The Hittites played an important role in the history of the Middle East because they
transmitted Mesopotamian culture to the west, especially to the Mycenaen Greeks
The earliest of the Mesopotamian empires was founded by Gilgamesh.
False
Ancient Egyptian history is divided into ____ major periods
3
Amenhotep IV is best known for
the temporary installation of the god of the sun disk in Egyptian culture
The economy of ancient Egypt relied most heavily on
agriculture.
Sumerian kings derived their authority from
the gods
In agrarian societies, an economic surplus is food which is
used to support a non-laboring elite
The first hominid to leave Africa and move into Europe and Asia was Home Sapiens
False
Egypt’s Old Kingdom ended for all of the following except
foreign invasion
The original Indo-Europeans possibly came from
the steppe region north of the black sea
Like the peoples of Mesopotamia, the Egyptians had a very negative attitude toward daily life
False
The most famous of the megalithic constructions of Europe is
Stonehenge
Evidence indicates that the Sumerians were not the first peoples in ancient Mesopotamia inasmuch as a number of Sumerian agricultural and craft terms are not Sumerian in orgin.
True
The Hittites were
a and d
One of the few female pharaohs was
Hatshepsut