HIST 1302 CH28
The “Good Neighbor” policy applied to Latin America.
Mussolini’s Nazi party promised a growth of national pride and a return to law and order.
Britain and France declared war on Germany after Hitler’s troops invaded the Sudetenland.
In 1940, in calling for the United States to be the “arsenal of democracy,” Roosevelt wanted to provide assistance to the Soviet Union.
In 1941, the lend-lease program concentrated on stopping Italian conquests in eastern Europe.
By 1942, the Axis Powers included the Soviet Union.
During World War II, Congress readily renewed and extended such New Deal programs as the National Youth Administration.
African American pilots were trained in a segregated facility at Tuskegee in Alabama.
Native Americans were segregated in the military.
Italian Americans and German Americans were interned in camps in Arizona for the duration of the war.
The largest naval battle in history occurred at the Coral Sea.
The War Refugee Board was amazingly successful at rescuing Jews from Europe.
V-E day was celebrated before the fall of Japan, in May 1945.
The first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese island of Okinawa.
The end of World War II led to another period of isolationism in the United States.
The Nye committee investigations concluded that
the United States allowed munitions manufacturers to make huge profits from World War I.
In the Panay incident in 1937,
Japanese airplanes sank an American warship.
In the 1930s, prior to World War II, actual conflict broke out first in
Asia between Japan and China.
Roosevelt decided Hitler had to be stopped after
Germany occupied Czechoslovakia in 1939.
In 1940, Roosevelt ran for president against
Wendell L. Willkie.
Germany took priority in the fighting because
all of the above
Wartime rationing included
sugar, coffee, and gasoline.
During World War II, the fastest rate of urban growth occurred in the
Among other items, the Atlantic Charter of 1941
declared British-American war aims.
The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
missed vital shore installations and oil tanks.
The Battle of Midway was the turning point of the war in the Pacific because it
stopped the eastward advance of the Japanese.
At the conference in Casablanca, Churchill and Roosevelt decided to
assault Sicily and Italy.
One reason Operation Overlord succeeded was
Eisenhower surprised the Germans by attacking at Normandy.
The decisions made at the Yalta Conference did not include agreement that
both the Soviet Union and the United States would reduce their armaments by half after the war ended.
Among the reasons the atomic bomb was used against Japan was the belief that it would
save the lives of American soldiers.