History Chapter 7

Which of the following was a characteristic of the federal government under the articles of Confederation?
Congress could not levy taxes or regulate commerce
Under the articles of Confederation, Congress is able to:
Establish national control over land to the west of the 13 states
What was Congress able to accomplish with its native American policy under the articles of Confederation?
Congress demanded and received surrenders of large amounts of Indian land north of the Ohio River and in the south
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Why did Congress claimed that some Indians had forfeited their land rights in the aftermath of independence?
Because they had aided the British during the war
Which of the following is TRUE of how leaders of the new nation viewed settlers moving west across the Appalachians in the 1780s?
They shared their British predecessors fears that frontier settlers would fight constantly with Native Americans
The Northwest ordinance of 1787:
Establish the policy to admit the areas population as equal members of the political system
With regard to slavery, the Northwest ordinance of 1787:
Band slavery in the area north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi River
Which of the following did states NOT do during the period when the articles of Confederation governed the United States?
They called millitias to stop foreclosure on the homes of debtors
Shays rebellion was significant because it demonstrated:
The need for a stronger central government
James Madison:
Was Thomas Jefferson’s Ally and disciple
Which two prominent men were not at the Constitutional convention?
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
Which of the following is TRUE of the Virginia plan?
It proposed a two house legislature, with population determining representation in each house
The New Jersey plan:
Was mainly supported by smaller, less populated states
What ultimately happened to the Virginia and New Jersey plans?
A compromise was reached employing ideas from both plans
What qualifications did the Constitution, ratified in 1787, impose for voting?
None; it left voting rules to the states
As designed by the Constitution:
Federal judges were appointed by the president not elected by the people
The relationship between the national government and the states is called:
Federalism
Which of the following is NOT a check against presidential power in the Constitution?
The house can remove the president from office after impeaching him
Which of the following is TRUE of the Constitution of 1787 and slavery?
Although never using the word “slavery,” the document protected several aspects of the institution
Which of the following is TRUE regarding Congress and African slave trade in the United States under the Constitution?
Congress prohibited the African slave trade 20 years after ratification of the Constitution
How did southern states react to the constitutions provisions regarding slavery?
South Carolina and Georgia imported 100,000 slaves before the international slave trade was constitutionally prohibited
The 3/5 clause in the US Constitution
Gave the white South greater power in national affairs then the size of its free population warranted
Through 1848, a majority of presidents were southern slaveholders because:
Southern states received more electoral votes with the 3/5 clause
Who wrote the preamble and put the final written touches on the Constitution?
Gouverneur Morris
The eighty-five essays written in support of ratification of the Constitution were called:
The Federalist
At the New York ratifying convention for the constitution, who said this document struck “the perfect balance between liberty and power”
Alexander Hamilton
James Madison’s writings about the Constitution:
Did much to help Americans understand it’s new political institutions
In the Federalist, James Madison argued that:
The large size of the United States was a source of political stability
Which of the following groups tended to be anti-Federalist during the ratification debates?
State politicians fearful of a strong central government
Anti-Federalist included:
Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry
In the history of the American Revolution, David Ramsey:
Praised American state constitutions for allowing future amendments
The anti-Federalist James Wynthrop argued that the Bill of Rights was necessary in the Constitution because:
It would secure the Minority against the usurpation and tyranny of the majority
During the process of ratifying the Constitution:
Two states, Rhode Island and North Carolina, voted against ratification
Who was defeated at the battle of fallen Timbers in 1794?
Little turtle
Under the Treaty of Greenville of 1795:
12 Indian tribes ceded most of Ohio and Indiana to the federal government
Hector St. John Crèvecoeur’s letters from an American Farmer:
Popularized the idea of the United States as a melting pot of ethnicities
During the early years of the Republic, African-Americans:
Made up close to 20% of the total population
Which of the following is TRUE of American national identity as envisioned by the Constitution of 1787?
The “people” were free Americans; Native Americans and “other persons,” meaning African-American slaves, were not considered part of the political nation
The naturalization act of 1790 allowed:
Only free white persons to become citizens

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