HISTORY – SPRING FINAL PRACTICE TEST – CHAPTER 14

HISTORY – SPRING FINAL PRACTICE TEST – CHAPTER 14

What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
A. To spread Christianity throughout Europe, Asia and Africa
B. To recover Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks
C. To improve trade among Europe, Asia and Africa
D. To force the Byzantines to become Catholics
B. To recover Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslim Turks
What problem was identified by Church reformers during the Middle Ages?
A. Village priests married and had families contrary to Church law
B. Bishops sold positions in the church for money
C. Kings, rather than Church leaders appointed bishops
D. All of the above are true
D. All of the above are true.
What was the effect of the three-field system?
A. Farmers produced more food and villagers had more to eat
B. Farmers could grow crops on one-half of their land
C. Farmers could let their ground lie fallow over the winter
D. Farmers could grow crops on one-third of their land
A. Farmers produced more food and villagers had more to eat.
Which of the following best describes the nature of a craft guild?
A. Workers who used gold leaf to decorate palaces
B. Merchants who sold specially woven cloth at local fairs
C. Traders who carried local goods to other regions
D. An association of people who worked at the same occupation
D. An association of people who worked at the same occupation.
What did the Magna Carta guarantee?
A. The end of taxation
B. A model parliament
C. Basic legal rights
D. A House of Commons
C. Basic legal rights.
What was the major cause of the great Schism?
A. The morality of the Crusaders
B. Ethics and wealth within the Church
C. Arguments about whether Jesus or the pope was the head of the church
D. Arguments about which man holding the position of pope was the true pope
D. Arguments about which man holding the position of pope was the true pope.
What was the name of the legislative body of medical England?
A. Inquisition
B. Parliament
C. Estates General
D. Royal courts of justice
B. Parliament
During the later middle Ages, where were most serfs likely to search for freedom?
A. Farms
B. Monasteries
C. Towns or cities
D. The Holy Land
C. Towns or cities
Which group was most responsible for the spread of the bubonic plague to Europe?
A. Invaders
B. Crusaders
C. Traders
D. French soldiers
C. Traders
Which of the following was the central issue of the Hundred Year’s War?
A. The throne of France
B. The throne of England
C. The location of the pope’s home
D. The religion of the French people
A. The throne of France
From which city did Robert of Flanders begin his Crusades? (See chapter 14 map)
A. London
B. Jerusalem
C, Bruges
D. Tripoli
C, Bruges
Which was the final destination of both Crusades? (See chapter 14 map)
A. Antioch
B. Edessa
C. Tripoli
D. Jerusalem
D. Jerusalem
Which cities did both Crusades pass through? (See chapter 14 map)
A. Genoa and Tripoli
B. Marseille and Constantinople
C. Jerusalem and Constantinople
D. Genoa and Rome
A. Genoa and Tripoli
Which cities did the First Crusade pass through? (See chapter 14 map)
A. Marseille, Rome, Tripoli
B. Genoa, Rome, Constantinople
C. Lisbon, Genoa, Antioch
D. Genoa, Rome Edessa
B. Genoa, Rome, Constantinople
Judging from the map, which Mediterranean islands did the Third Crusade stop at or pass by? (See chapter 14 map)
A. Sardinia, Crete and Corsica
B. Corsica and Cyprus
C. Crete and Cyprus
D. Corsica and Sardinia
C. Crete and Cyprus
Which of the following was a result of the Fourth Crusade?
A. Muslins seized Edessa
B. Christians seized Jerusalem
C. Western Christians looted Constantinople
D. Christians and Muslims signed a truce
C. Western Christians looted Constantinople
What was the purpose of the Reconquista?
A. To try people suspected of heresy
B. To drive the Muslims out of Spain
C. To recapture the Holy Land
D. To solidify the Moorish influence in Spain
B. To drive the Muslims out of Spain
By how much did the three-field-system increase the amount of land that could be farmed each year?
A. From one-third of existing fields to one-half
B. From one-fourth of existing fields to one-third
C. From one-hald of existing fields to two-thirds
D. From two-thirds to year-round farming of all the land
C. From one-half of existing fields to two-thirds
Which of the following functions did the craft guilds NOT perform?
A. Set standards of quality
B. Train apprentices
C. Borrow and loan money
D. Control wages and prices
C. Borrow and loan money
Whose rights did the Magna Carta originally intend to defend?
A. All English subjects
B. The English nobility
C. The English monarch
D. Religious minorities
B. The English nobility
What did the decisions of the English royal courts of justice create?
A. The code of chivalry
B. The Estates General
C. The Model Parliament
D. English common law
D. English common law
How did the battle of Hastings change the course of English History?
A. The Anglo-Saxons took control of England
B. The Normans took control of England
C. English became the dominant language
D. The Danish Vikings were driven out of England
B. The Normans took control of England
How was the Great Schism finally resolved?
A. The king decided which pope would rule the Holy Roman Empire.
B. All three popes were forced to resign, and a new pope was elected.
C. A pope was chosen who spoke French and Italian as well as Latin
D. One pope ruled from Rome and another from Constantinople
B. All three popes were forced to resign, and a new pope was elected.
What were John Wycliffe’s main complaints about the church?
A. Three popes and the power of Kings
B. Use of Latin instead of English and excessive Church wealth
C. Papal authority and royal interference
D. Church worldliness and papal authority
D. Church worldliness and papal authority
What was the most important effect of the Hundred Years’ War?
A. It caused the development of national identities in England and France
B. It lead to Joan of Arc becoming France’s patron saint
C. It destroyed formally prosperous English towns and villages
D. It put an end to the three-field approach to farming
A. It caused the development of national identities in England and France
Which cities along Richard I’s route were closest to enemy territory? (See chapter 14 map)
A. Rome and Lisbon
B. Edessa and Lisbon
C. Rome and Tripoli
D. Lisbon and Tripoli
D. Lisbon and Tripoli
The First Crusade traveled across the territory of which Muslim people? (See chapter 14 map)
A. Edessans
B. Carthaginian Turks
C. Seljuk Turks
D. All of the above
C. Seljuk Turks
What was the most probable reason for Richard I to stop at Crete? (See chapter 14 map)
A. To resupply in Christian lands dung the sea journey
B. To pick up weapons and other Military supplies stored there
C. To attend mass before landing in Tripoli
D. To get news about what was happening in Jerusalem before heading there
A. To resupply in Christian lands dung the sea journey
Robert traveled by water between which two regions?
A. Serbia and Rome
B. Kingdom of Sicily and Byzantine Empire
C. Kingdom of Sicily and Crete
D. Constantinople and Antioch
B. Kingdom of Sicily and Byzantine Empire
Approximately how much longer was Richard’s water route from London to Genoa than Robert’s land route from Bruges to Genoa?
A. 1,900 miles
B. 2,490 miles
C. 3,850 miles
D. 4,650 miles
C. 3,850 miles
Which of the following was NOT a problem faced by the Church?
A. Whether the pope should reside in Paris or London
B. What to do about priests who married and had families, violating Church law
C. Whether bishops should be permitted to sell positions in the Church
D. Whether kings or the Church should appoint bishops
A. Whether the pope should reside in Paris or London
What trait did NOT characterize Gothic cathedral architecture?
A. Sculpture
B. Rounded arches
C. Stained-glass windows
D. High, vaulted ceilings
B. Rounded arches
What was one negative effective of the Crusades that has continued to the present?
A. Weakening of the feudal nobility
B. Trade between Europe and Asia
C. Hostility between Muslims and Christians
D. Strengthening of papal authority
C. Hostility between Muslims and Christians
In what kind of language did Dante Alighieri and Geoffrey Chaucer write?
A. Vernacular
B. Modern
C, Romance
D. Classical
A. Vernacular
What was at stake in the Battle of Hastings?
A. Whether the language of England would be English or French
B. Whether the Normans or the Anglo-Saxons would rule England
C. Whether the Vikings would conquer the Saxons
D. Whether or not the Church would dominate England
B. Whether the Normans or the Anglo-Saxons would rule England
What issue led to both the Magna Carta and the establishment of Parliament?
A. How to cope with the bubonic plague
B. How to regain control of Jerusalem
C. How to resolve the Great Schism
D. How to end taxation without representation
D. How to end taxation without representation
Why were Europeans able to begin studying ancient Greek works?
A. Greek Scholars translated the works into English
B. Greek scrolls containing the writings of philosophers were found in caves
C. Merchants trades gold to obtain ancient Greek writings from Assyrians
D. Muslims and Byzantine libraries contained the writings of Greek philosophers
D. Muslims and Byzantine libraries contained the writings of Greek philosophers
What did the devastation caused by the bubonic plague contribute to?
A. A flowering of the arts in the later Middle Ages
B. The dominance of the church in the later Middle Ages
C. The disruption and collapse of medieval society
D. A sense of unity among the continents affected by it
C. The disruption and collapse of medieval society
What was an effect of the Commercial Revolution?
A. Workers were paid for labor
B. More money available for building business
C. Increase in power of the king
D. All of the above
D. All of the above
Which developments did the most to end the Middle Ages?
A. Longbow, bubonic plague, Hundred Years’ War, the Great Schism
B. Hundred Years’ War, Parliament, Inquisition, Reconquista
C. Crusades, longbow, Battle of Hastings, the Great Schism
D. Guilds, bubonic plague, Inquisition, common law
A. Longbow, bubonic plague, Hundred Years’ War, the Great Schism