HU 4

What are the two main periods of Roman history called?
Republican and Imperial Rome
What people occupied Rome from 616 to 510 BCE?
Etruscans
what event marks the beginning of the history of the Roman Republic?
The expulsion of the Etruscans from Rome
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What Roman class was represented in the Senate?
patricians
what was the name of the large open space in the center of Rome used for meetings of the senate and the assemblies of the people?
Forum
who was the first great roman lyric poet?
Catullus
what principal school of philosophy in Rome believed that the proper goal of life was pleasure?
Epicureanism
What greco-roman philosophy is associated with seneca, epictetus, and marcus aurelius?
Stoicism
what was the subject of the Ius Civile of Julius Caesar?
Roman law
what is the Roman equivalent to the greek god Dionysus?
Bacchus
what political events characterized the last century of the Roman republic (133 BC- 31BC)?
power struggles between Marius, sulla, pompey, and Caesar.
What was the significance of the battle of actium (31BC) in the history of the Roman Republic?
Octavian became supreme ruler of Rome
Who was the first emperor of the Roman empire?
Emperor Augustus
who was the greatest of all roman poets?
Vergil
according to the are pacis (Altar of Peace) how did Augustus want to be remembered by future generations?
As a great poet
where is the villa of mysteries?
Pompeii
what invention in the first century BC made possible the Roman use of barrel vaults and domes?
cement
Which style did roman architecture prefer?
Corinthian
What was architecturally significant about the shape of the pantheon’s roof?
the oculus
what was the function of the Pont du Gard?
It was an aqueduct
Who is the most famous Roman satirist?
Jevenal
what event in CE 476 marks the formal end of the roman empire in Western Europe?
the deposition of Romulus Augustus
who ruled the late roman empire in the west from CE 284-305?
Diocletian
What style is seen in the frieze on the arch of constantine?
Hellenistic
what is unique about the palace of Diocletian at Split on the Adriatic Coast?
It is shaped like a military fortress
Ancient city in northern Africa?
Carthage
Egyptian queen defeated by Octavian?
Cleopatra
mythological queen of carthage
Dido
emperor who divided the roman empire into two territories
Diocletian
a region in north-central italy
Tuscany
roman lyric poet
catullus
roman epic poem about the founding of rome
aeneid
roman naturalist and writer who die in eruption of vesuvius
Pliny
wars named after the phonicians
punic wars
representatives of the plebians
tribune

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