Human Sexuality Final Part 4

One of the primary difficulties in obtaining accurate statistics on the number of rapes and rape survivors in the United States is ________.
the reluctance of many people to report being assaulted
In the United States, the age of consent ranges from ________ to ________.
14:18
A woman may be reluctant to report having been raped for which of the following reasons?:
She blames herself for what happened.
She fears reprisal from the rapist or his family and friends.
She wishes to avoid recalling a traumatic event.
All of the above are true.
All the above are true
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The large scale NIJ/CDC survey found that about ________ women had experienced attempted or completed rape.
one out of six
The large-scale NIJ/CDC survey found that about ________ of men had experienced, attempted, or completed rape.
3%
Which of the following statements is true?
-A woman can always successfully resist a rape attempt if she is willing to behave aggressively.
– Since a large percentage of women have rape fantasies, it follows that these women, consciously or unconsciously, want to be raped.
– In the media, male-to-female rape is typically portrayed as more violent and humiliating than male-to-male rape.
– Many female rape victims may believe that the rape was their fault
Many female rape victims may believe that the rape was their fault.
One study of 114 imprisoned rapists revealed that approximately ________% did not see themselves as rapists.
80
In one study of 114 imprisoned rapists, all of the following reasons were given to justify their behavior and to make the women appear guilty except:
a woman could stop you if she really wanted to
women say no when they mean yes
women are seducers who “lead you on”
most women eventually relax and enjoy it
a woman could stop you if she really wanted to
Which country has the highest incidence of rape among all Western nations?
U.S.A.
Peggy Reeves Sanday’s comparison of rape in 93 societies revealed that the incidence of rape in a given society is influenced by all of the following except ________.
the attitudes boys acquire as they are growing up
the status of women
the nature of relationships between the sexes
the degree to which individuals adhere to particular moral or religious values
the degree to which individuals adhere to particular moral or religious values
All of the following patterns have been identified in relatively “rape free” societies except ________.
-women and men share power and authority
– women and men contribute equally to the community welfare
-the majority of people share similar religious beliefs
-children of both sexes are socialized to avoid violence and aggression and to value nurturance
the majority of people share similar religious beliefs
Which of the following statements is false?
– Rape may be motivated by a desire for sexual gratification as well as the need to dominate and control.
– Men who are sexually aggressive are more likely to have male friends who are also sexually aggressive.
– Violent pornography can decrease a man’s sensitivity to the harmful effects of rape on women.
– Men in rape-prone societies frequently have less economic and political power than women, which fuels the anger that is often the motivation for the rape.
Men in rape-prone societies frequently have less economic and political power than women, which fuels the anger that is often the motivation for the rape.
Which of the following patterns appears to be a precursor to rape and other deviant sexual acts?
-masturbating to deviant sexual fantasies
– conflicts regarding gender identity
-engaging in paraphilias such as klismaphilia or coprophilia
-conflicts regarding sexual orientation
masturbating to deviant sexual fantasies
What are the effects of taking the drug Rohypnol?
It produces a sedative effect that lasts for several hours and may also cause varying degrees of amnesia.
Which is true with respect to laws dealing with Rohypnol and similar drugs?
Congress has recently strengthened penalties for possessing date rape drugs.
You are a heterosexual single woman who enjoys dating. Which of the following behaviors would be most likely to reduce your risk of date rape?
-Your date insists on paying for everything, ordering your dinner, and planning all activities, and you tell him that you appreciate having him make those decisions for you.
– You tell your date that you do not want to become sexually involved, but when he begins to kiss and fondle, you let him.
-A man you have just met in a bar asks you out on a date. You agree, suggesting that you meet him for lunch later in the week.
-It’s your first date with a man. You have no intention of being sexually intimate with him, but at the end of the evening you invite him into your apartment for a drink.
A man you have just met in a bar asks you out on a date. You agree, suggesting that you meet him for lunch later in the week.
Women who have been raped may suffer from ________, especially if the rape was severe and the resulting emotional response is severe.
posttraumatic stress disorder
Which of the following is not a reason why statistics on the frequency of male rape are hard to obtain?
-Men fear that they will be judged harshly by other men if they report having been raped.
– Men who report having been raped are viewed negatively by other men.
-Sexual assault of men is rarely reported in the media.
-If a married man reports a rape, his wife will be likely to divorce him.
If a married man reports a rape, his wife will be likely to divorce him.
Pedophilia is best described as ________.
nonrelative child sexual abuse
When a man has sexual contact with his 10-year-old daughter, it is called ________; when he has sexual contact with his daughter’s 10-year-old friend, it is called ________.
incest; pedophilia
Which of the following would be least characteristic of a pedophile?
-does not relate well to other people
– has problems with alcoholism
– sexually victimized during his or her own childhood
– liberal attitudes toward sexuality
liberal attitudes toward sexuality
Which of the following statements concerning pedophiles is true?
-They are often moralistic or religious.
– Their victims are typically unknown to them.
– They have a clearly defined profile.
– An equal number of men and women are pedophiles.
They are often moralistic or religious.
________ incest is most common.
Brother-sister
Which of the following tactics would a father be least likely to use to pressure his daughter into an incestuous relationship ?
-telling her that she is his “special girl”
– using physical force to coerce her
-reassuring her that he is teaching her something important
-telling her he will take her shopping for something special if she complies
using physical force to coerce her
With respect to sexual abuse, which one is not true?
-There are more young boys sexually molested in the United States than earlier estimated.
– Some children are being abused by women.
-The United States has more child abuse than other countries.
– Most abuse is committed by male perpetrators against female victims.
The United States has more child abuse than other countries.
With respect to recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse, it is most correct to conclude that ________.
these are sometimes but not always accurate
Several studies of adults, for whom child sexual abuse had been reported and substantiated, ________.
found that a sizable proportion had been amnesic of their abuse for a period of time
Pedophiles using cyberspace ________.
exchange information with other pedophiles, including child pornography
Which one is not true concerning the use of cyberspace by pedophiles?
-The Communications Decency Act now regulates indecent mail sent over the Internet to minors.
– The main responsibility for protecting children lies with parents.
– America Online has tried to monitor kids-only chat rooms for inappropriate dialogue.
– Even with blocking software, children may still communicate with pedophiles in chat rooms.
The Communications Decency Act now regulates indecent mail sent over the Internet to minors.
A recent study of 1,500 12-19-year-olds reported which of the following?
-Abused males are 11 times more likely to have suicidal thoughts or attempts than their nonabused peers.
– Emotional problems are more common for the abused, especially so for boys.
– Addiction-risk behavior is more frequent for the abused.
– Criminal behaviors are not related to a history of abuse.
Emotional problems are more common for the abused, especially so for boys.
Which of the following was not given as a suggestion for preventing child sexual abuse?
-It might help to get the child a little frightened so she will pay attention and remember.
– Emphasize that children have the right to control their bodies.
-Remind your children that you will not be angry if they report to you that they have been touched in a way that wasn’t okay.
– Help your children understand that they can scream or run away from an uncomfortable situation.
It might help to get the child a little frightened so she will pay attention and remember.
Conveying the message to children that ________ is one of the most important aspects of abuse prevention discussion.
private touching can be very pleasurable between adults who love and trust each other
Which of the following are factors cited in your text as to why a child might delay disclosing abuse?
-fear of negative consequences
– the fact that the abuser is a relative
– the child’s age
– all of these are correct
All of these are correct
Trish’s professor has made it clear that he can ensure her success in graduate school if she complies with his sexual advances. This type of sexual harassment is called ________ harassment.
quid pro quo
According to the EEOC guidelines, which of the following statements is false?
-Verbal harassment is illegal.
-Physical harassment is illegal.
– If a person uses sex to be promoted, his or her co-workers may file suit against the employer.
– The term “hostile or offensive environment” may apply to the workplace, but it does not apply to academic settings.
The term “hostile or offensive environment” may apply to the workplace, but it does not apply to academic settings.
All of the following are forms of sexual harassment on the job except ________.
-an employer and her secretary flirting with one another
– being the constant target of sexual jokes
– an employer requiring sexual availability of prospective employees in order to be hired
– an employer requiring sexual favors to be given to customers in order for the employee to get a promotion
an employer and her secretary flirting with one another
A survey of 24,000 federal employees, as well as a later update of the survey, found that ________% of the women and ________% of the men had been sexually harassed.
42:15
Which of the following statements regarding same-sex sexual harassment is true?
-Recent legislation has made it much easier for victims of same-sex sexual harassment to obtain satisfactory legal judgments against the perpetrators.
– Most defendants in same-sex sexual harassment cases claim that they have a homosexual orientation.
– The Supreme Court has ruled that Title VII does prohibit sexual harassment between an offender and victim of the same sex.
– Federal law specifically stated that same-sex sexual harassment was illegal.
The Supreme Court has ruled that Title VII does prohibit sexual harassment between an offender and victim of the same sex.
A survey of high school students revealed that ________% of females experienced sexual harassment.
50
Pornography is defined as ________.
visual or written material used for purposes of sexual arousal
Which one is not true concerning the Kama Sutra?
It is Japanese.
It is an example of pornography.
It describes specific sexual techniques.
It includes spiritual views.
It is Japanese
Pornography became a multibillion-dollar industry when ________.
the first issue of Playboy was published
Erotica can be distinguished from pornography because ________.
the word “pornography” connotes domination of women; erotica portrays sexuality respectfully
A study of college student responses to four types of video pornography found that ________.
both males and females rated as most arousing the highly romantic and highly explicit video
What do violent pornography and degrading pornography have in common?
Imbalance of power
Which of the following was found concerning the effect of pornography on satisfaction with one’s partner’s physical appeal and sexual performance?
-Pornography decreases satisfaction for women.
– Pornography decreases satisfaction for men.
-Pornography decreases satisfaction for both men and women.
-Pornography has no major or clear effect on satisfaction.
Pornography decreases satisfaction for both men and women.
Two unrealistic expectations that pornography perpetuates are that men ________ and women ________.
are always ready for sex; are highly responsive to any stimulation by men
Legal issues surrounding pornography have focused on defining what is ________.
Obscene
According to the United States Supreme Court, all of the following are criteria for evaluating obscenity except:
-the theme of the work as a whole must appeal to a prurient interest in sex
– the work must be offensive to community standards
-the work must be without serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value
– the work must cause corrupt or depraved behavior in some of the viewers
the work must cause corrupt or depraved behavior in some of the viewers
The problem with the current criteria for obscenity is that they are ________.
Highly Subjective
The 1986 U.S. Attorney General’s Commission on Pornography recommended that ________.
possession of child pornography become a felony
What happened after pornography was legalized in Denmark in the late 1960s?
The sale of pornography to Danes decreased in the years after legalization.
The 1970 United States Commission on Obscenity and Pornography concluded that sexually explicit materials had what effect on behavior?
There were no significant, long-lasting changes in behavior.
One reason that researchers criticized the Meese Commission’s report on pornography is that ________.
it ignored the detrimental effects of violence, whether accompanied by sexually explicit materials or not
Which of the following is true regarding the dissemination of pornography on the Internet?
– Laws are yet to be made governing Internet dissemination of pornography.
– The restrictions prohibiting the dissemination of pornography through the mail are made irrelevant by the Internet.
-Purchasing pornography via the Internet is punishable by fines and/or jail sentences.
-None of the above is true.
The restrictions prohibiting the dissemination of pornography through the mail are made irrelevant by the Internet.
Prostitution is legal in ________.
some counties in Nevada
In which of the following periods was prostitution viewed as scandalous but necessary?
-ancient Greece
– medieval Europe
-Victorian England
-the state of Nevada in the early twentieth century
Victorian England
Which of the following statements is false regarding the history of prostitution?
– Prostitutes were valued for their intellectual companionship in ancient Greece.
– Sexual relations between men and prostitutes occurred in religious temples.
-Prostitution was banned in medieval Europe.
– Prostitution was considered scandalous but necessary during the Victorian era.
Prostitution was banned in medieval Europe.
Which of the following best characterizes the type of man who would patronize a female prostitute?
-young, lower-class, unmarried
– middle-aged, upper-class, married
-young, middle-class, married
– middle-aged, middle-class, married
middle-aged, middle-class, married
Which of the following would most likely explain why women become prostitutes?
– high sexual drive
-emotional difficulties
– economic necessity
– strong desire to please men
Economic Necessity
The CIA/State Department report estimated that there are ________ women and children who are essentially slaves in the U.S. sex industry.
50,000
A 1996 study indicated that HIV rates among New York streetwalkers were ________.
35%
Approximately ________% of teenaged prostitutes have been victims of sexual abuse.
95
Which type of prostitute is lowest in the hierarchy of prostitution and faces the worst work conditions?
a brothel worker
a massage parlor worker
a streetwalker
a call girl
A Streetwalker
Men who provide sexual services for women in exchange for money and gifts are called ________.
gigolos
What was the conclusion of the 1959 United Nations Commission study of prostitution?
In order to prevent prostitution, it is important to create other economic opportunities for women.
Which of the following profits financially from prostitution?
-pimps
– referral agents
– hotels and doormen
– All of the above profit from prostitution.
All of the above profit from prostitution.
Paraphilias are ________ sexual behaviors.
Atypical
Which of the following statements regarding atypical sexual behavior is false?
Atypical behaviors often occur in clusters.
They are also called paraphilias.
Some atypical sexual behaviors are illegal.
Research indicates that women engage in these behaviors more often than men.
Research indicates that women engage in these behaviors more often than men.
John Money has suggested that atypical sexual behavior may be more prevalent among men because ________.
male erotosexual differentiation is more complex than that of the female
Which of the following would be the best definition of a coercive paraphilia?
– The activity involves physical force.
– The activity takes place without consent of the victim.
– The activity involves a victim who is unknown to the perpetrator.
– The activity takes place in illegal circumstances
The activity takes place without consent of the victim.
Obtaining sexual excitement primarily or exclusively from an inanimate object or a particular part of the body is called ________.
Fetishism
Which of the following individuals would most likely be described as a fetishist?
– a man who likes to wear white lacy lingerie when he has sex with his wife
– a man who uses partial asphyxiation as a way to enhance orgasm
-a man who becomes sexually aroused whenever he sees a woman with large breasts
-a man who cannot reach orgasm unless he is masturbating with a woman’s high-heeled shoe
a man who cannot reach orgasm unless he is masturbating with a woman’s high-heeled shoe
A person who obtains sexual arousal by putting on clothing of the other sex is engaging in ________.
Transvetism
Transvestism occurs primarily among ________.
married men with predominantly heterosexual orientations
Which of the following statements concerning sadomasochism is false?
– A person who engages in sadism almost always exhibits masochistic behavior as well.
– Although sadomasochistic behaviors can be physically dangerous, most people who engage in sadomasochism have agreed-upon limits.
– It appears that people with masochistic tendencies may be more common than people with sadistic tendencies.
– It is defined as obtaining sexual arousal through the giving or receiving of physical or mental pain.
A person who engages in sadism almost always exhibits masochistic behavior as well.
When engaging in SM activities, ________.
-men are more likely to play masochistic roles than are women
-women are more likely to play masochistic roles than are men
– there are no sex differences in who plays masochistic roles
– the only reason a man would play a masochistic role is if he had been abused when he was a child
men are more likely to play masochistic roles than are women
Which of the following paraphilias would be most likely to result in death?
fetishism
coprophilia
autoerotic asphyxia
transvestism
autoerotic asphyxia
An exhibitionist obtains sexual gratification from ________.
exposing his genitals to an unwilling observer
One study indicated that people who make obscene phone calls are male and ________.
have strong feelings of inadequacy and insecurity
Which of the following is a voyeur least likely to do?
-Peer in someone’s bedroom window at night.
-Stand outside the door of a women’s restroom.
-Drill a hole through the wall of a women’s dressing room.
– Go to a nude beach.
Go to a nude beach
All of the following are noncoercive paraphilias except ________.
frotteurism
coprophilia
klismaphilia
fetishism
frotteurism
Which of the following is least descriptive of a person who engages in necrophilia?
-severely emotionally disordered
– socially and sexually inept
– usually homosexual
usually homosexual
Sexologists disagree about the existence of sexual addiction because ________.
-there are no clear criteria about what are normal levels of sexual activity
– the disorder is difficult to distinguish from other compulsive disorders
– some feel the disorder negates individual responsibility
– all of the above are true
All the above are true
Statutory rape is having intercourse, even if consensual, with a person under the age of consent for that state.
True
Research indicates that certain kinds of violent pornography encourage attitudes of violence against women.
True
Male victims of rape are most likely to report rapes committed by women.
False
If a friend or partner has been raped, you should try to get her or him to think about something else rather than keep talking about it.
False
The man who engages in incest and the man who is a pedophile share similar characteristics.
True
Programs to prevent child sexual abuse must begin early, as perhaps 25% of abuse victims are younger than age seven.
True
While sexual harassment is a very real problem for those who experience it, it is not very widespread.
False
Visual and written pornography still exists as found in ancient Indian society.
True
Research indicates that all types of sexually explicit materials have a detrimental impact on men’s and women’s attitudes and/or behaviors.
False
The book The Color Purple has been deemed obscene in some communities.
True
After pornography was legalized in Denmark, the sale of pornography to Danes decreased over time but the number of sex offenses increased.
False
Many cities limit the areas where adult bookstores can be located.
True
Traffickers entice women and children from Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe with promises of employment and then sell them to others who force them to work as prostitutes.
True
In Thailand, the sex trade is even more successful than the agricultural industry.
True
Paraphilias, by definition, are nonconsensual.
False
A few men who engage in exhibitionism progress to more serious offenses.
True

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