ICA #3 (Chapter 19)
What were TWO ways World War I affected race relations in the United States?
Ethnic and racial differences were being highly recognized which resulted in the demand for a homogenous culture or “Americanization.”
Science was being applied to social organizations in a discriminatory way such as involuntary sterilization on criminals, idiots, imbeciles, and rapists to prevent further reproduction.
What was the Committee on Public Information and what tactics did it use to reach the public? Give THREE examples.
The Committee on Public Information was created by the Wilson Administration and it used propaganda to inform Americans and other countries about the war.
Enlisting academics, journalists, artists, and advertising men
Flooded the country with pro-war propaganda
Using pamphlets, posters, newspaper advertisements, and motion pictures
Who was Alice Paul and why did she compare President Wilson to the Kaiser?
Alice Paul was the leader of the National Women’s Party. She compares President Wilson to the Kaiser because while the country was fighting for its democracy, women weren’t even allowed to take part in it.
What were TWO of the major causes, either real or imaginary, of the Red Scare?
After World War I, many Americans began to fear communists and noncitizens
It was a reaction to the Russian Revolutions, mail bombs, strikes, and riots
Why does Debs relate the history of wartime dissent in America?
Debs relates the history of wartime dissent in America to show that before him, there were other influential leaders who have protested against war. Although they were belittled by others back then, they would eventually be of value today.
What connections does Du Bois draw between blacks fighting abroad in the war and returning to fight at home?
Du Bois states that African Americans didn’t hesitate to fight alongside the United States during the war, however, when they returned home, they had to continue fighting for their own freedom.