Imperialism: Crash Course World History #35

Imperialism: Crash Course World History #35

By, 1830s, British’s free trade policy unleashed a flood of ___________ in China
Opium
Treaty of Nanjing
Stated that Britain got Hong Kong and five other treaty ports as well as the equivalent of two billion dollars in cash
Taiping Rebellion
-Massive civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, against the ruling Manchu-led Qin Dynasty. It was a millenarian movement led by Hong Xiuquan
– Goriest and most violent of the rebellions in history
Who became the dominant economic power in China after the Taiping Rebellion
The Europeans, and especially the British
Imperialism
A policy of extending a country’s power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Scramble for Africa
– 19th Century
– Invasion, occupation, division, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914.
Why did Europeans want colonies in Africa
To secure sources of raw materials, especially, cotton, copper, iron, and rubber
What were raw materials used for
Fuel the growing Industrial Economies
Why couldn’t the Europeans take over Africa before the Scramble of Africa
– Diseases such as yellow fever, malaria, and sleeping sickness
– Disease called Nagana that killed horses
How was the Scramble of Africa made possible
Technology
What were the new innovations used during the Scarmble
– Steam Ships
– Quinine Medicine
– Machine Guns
Hiram Maxim
– Created the first Machine Gun
– Maxim Machine Gun
Most European Colonizers resorted to
Indirect Rule
Indirect Rule
Relying on governments that are already there but exerting control over their leaders
What was the advantage for Indian rulers who participated in the Indirect Rule by the Europeans
– Access to European Education
Khedive Ismail
– Ruled Egypt in the late 19th century
– His borrowings of money bankrupted Egypt allowing for the Britains to take control over the country’s finances and its shares