International Toursim Marketing Planning
Contents 1. Introduction to India1 2. PETSEL analysis1 2. 1 Political analysis1 2. 2 Economic analysis2 2. 3 Social analysis2 2. 4 Technology analysis2 2. 5 Environmental analysis3 2. 6 Legal analysis4 3. Customer Analysis5 3. 1 Customer choice factors5 3. 2 Segmentation6 3. 3 Segmentation Matrix7 4. Competitor Analysis8 5. Internal analysis9 6. Summary SWOT analysis and ‘Key Take Out’9 6. 1 SWOT analysis9 6. 2 Key Take Out10 7. Targeting analysis and positioning10 7. 1 Targeting analysis10 7. 2 Positioning12 8. Strategic Planning and Setting Objectives13 9. The “Value Proposition”14 10.
Marketing Mix Recommendations14 11. Measuring Success15 12. Summary15 Appendix A16 References17 Lists of Figures Figure 1Target market selection model11 Figure 2 The positioning map of Health and Wellness tourism segment. 13 Figure 3 Ansoff Matrix14 Lists of Tables Table 1 Arrivals by Purpose of Visit: 2006-20112 Table 2 Health and Wellness Tourism sales by Category : Value 2006 – 20113 Table 3 Balance of Thailand Tourism Payment : Value 2006 – 20114 Table 4 Balance of Indonesia Tourism Payment : Value 2006 – 20114 Table 5 Segmentation Matrix7 Table 6 India’s Competitor divided by segment8
Table 7 Competitors strengths and weakness9 Table 8 SWOT analysis10 Table 9 The targeting segment analyses12 Marketing Holiday This report provides marketing plan for India tourism industry including 10 steps of marketing planning referring to International Marketing Planning module (2012) 1. Introduction to India India is the most populous democracy, the seventh largest country in term of total area in the world, which located in South Asia surrounded by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, the Maldives Indian Ocean, Arabia Ocean and Bay of Bengal (Mintel 2010).
In term of tourism, India plays host to a diverse mix of tourism choice. Natures, adventures, cultures, nations, history, architectures and medical are all on offer, making India an attractive destination to a variety of demographic groups. Apart from that, in 2009 this country was singled out as the best value-for-money in term of Country Brand Index (CBI) done by FutureBrand (2012). India has Ministry of Tourism (MOT), its objective is to develop and promote tourism in India by formulating and administrating the rules, regulations and laws.
And in 2002, MOT announced “Incredible India” as the travel theme. The successful of campaign, nowadays the tourism industry in India is becoming the third largest earner in of foreign exchange (Government of India 2012). 2. PETSEL analysis In order to analyses external environment of India’s tourism industry, PESTEL analysis could be applied and offer clues to opportunities and threats (Wood 2004). 2. 1 Political analysis 2. 1. 1 Stable democratic administration India is the world’s largest democracy; it has a stable democratic government for a long decade.
India is a Secular Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system consists of Parliament and State Government this means in each state of India has its own tourism department (Government of India 2012). It is advantage because each state becomes a competitor of each other, induce high contest between states in order to gain profit from tourism industry. This fact can ensures stability for the tourism industry. 2. 1. 2 Terrorism India is facing with two type of terrorism: external terrorists and internal terrorists but intra-terrorist takes more seriously effect to tourism.
There is a trend of growing internal terrorists especially Maoism and Naxalism their case un-peace in the country (South East Asia Terrioms Portal 2011). By the way India’s government (2012) is continuously improving its defence inventory to combat any potential attack form terrorists especially in areas like Jammu Kashmir and our metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore and places of strategic importance. 2. 2 Economic analysis 2. 2. 1 Economic growing rate GDP of India rose almost 7% in 10 years then India becomes the fastest growing economies of the world (The World Bank 2012).
A higher economic growth can bring about the foreigner investments. This situation wise to supply the higher number of business visits. Apart from that the construction of newer tourist avenues or attraction, beautification of cities and towns etc. are also induce the number of leisure visitor as well. (Rath et al. 2012). The table below clearly shows the huge increase of arrivals from 2006-2011. Table 1 Arrivals by Purpose of Visit: 2006-2011 Source: Euromonitor International from official statistics, trade ssociations, trade press, company research, trade interviews, and trade sources (2012) 2. 3 Social analysis 2. 3. 1 Diversity of nations, cultures and etc. India is a multination country having numbers of different, cultures, traditions, and ethnics. These diverse have a great amalgam of the past and present and this naturally has its effects (Gupta, Lal and Bhattacharyya 2002). Some are negatives; “culture shock” is a good example when people are facing an unfamiliar way of life when visit to a new country. This is why people who belonging to the more affluent country decide not come to India.
Besides there are positives side people who interested in multitudinous lifestyle also visits India and its help to break down prejudices, barriers, suspicions that exist between countries (Back, Bennett and Edles 2012). 2. 3. 2 Languages The languages of Indian reflect the diversity of the country. English is the one of official languages using in political and commercial communication while Hindi is the nation and the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people and 14 other official languages are spoken (Gupta, Lal and Bhattacharyya 2002).
With this reason language barrier is not a trouble for both tourist and Indian. 2. 4 Technology analysis 2. 4. 1 Information Technology India has capability and resource in Information technology and engineering for future development (Rapoza 2012). Dogac, et al, (2004) considers the Internet gives many advantages in tourism industry. Some of these benefits for tourists are travel planning, fight booking, hotel reservation those active done on the internet nowadays.
Beside on tourism organization use internet to promote new attractions and build long term relationship with customer such as sending special offer to customer, develop collaboration between tourism operators, enhance interoperability of external and internal applications. These actives will help increase the return of traveller. 2. 4. 2 Transportation facilities India’s transportation has been recently developed such as air, marine and land transportation to meet traveller’s need (Government of India 2012). But the image of transportation in this country presenting to the world seems under standard in terms of management and security.
For example in May 2012, train accident killed 5 people (BBC NEWS 2012). And in July 2012 fire train killed 32 passengers (BBC NEWS 2012). On the tourist view, the under standardize of transportation will take direct effect to tourist who looking for a luxury tourism experience on the other hand the backpackers seem not really concern about convenience transportation at all (Gupta, Lal and Bhattacharyya 2002). 2. 4. 3 Medical technology Medical in India is developing continuously in various forms such as spa, meditation, hospital and surgery.
India provide highly quality and professional with low cost. It costs half or one-third cheaper than similar treatments in neighbouring medical hotspots such as Singapore and Thailand. According to low price of medical service in India, the number of meditation sales has increased double from 2006 in 2011 (Euromonitor International 2012). Table 2 Health and Wellness Tourism sales by Category : Value 2006 – 2011 Source: Euromonitor International from official statistics, trade associations, trade press, company research, trade interviews, trade sources (2012) . 5 Environmental analysis 2. 5. 1 Environmental pollution ; Nature hazard India is experiencing seriously environmental pollution for instant deforestation, soil erosion, air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions, water pollution, huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources and drinking water is not available thought out the country (CIA 2012). Not only pollution but also natural hazards that India has to deal with like earthquake in the Kashmir valley (NDTV 2012).
This situation reflex to life quality in India and may bring down visitor’s trust then decide not to visit India because it is too risk. However, it is a good change for India to improve their environment such as carefully cleaning ancient monument, cleaning areas around and improve them for tourism purpose (Gupta, Lal and Bhattacharyya 2002). 2. 6 Legal analysis 2. 6. 1 Taxation Since end of July 2012, India’s government announced to increase tax in short term accommodation business from 5. 15% to 7. 42% (The Times of India 2012). Increasing of tax seem not has major effect to visitor.
In generally traveller do not concern in minor change of taxation, take Thailand for example, it increased airport tax and car rental tax in 2011 but tourism payments still high (Euromonitor International 2012). Table 3 Balance of Thailand Tourism Payment : Value 2006 – 2011 Source: Euromonitor International from official statistics, trade associations, trade press, company research, trade interviews, trade sources(2012) Meanwhile 2011 Indonesia announce full waiver of fiscal tax in country, but it did not impact to visitor’s spending as well (Euromonitor International 2012).
Table 4 Balance of Indonesia Tourism Payment: Value 2006 – 2011 Source: Euromonitor International from official statistics, trade associations, trade press, company research, trade interviews, trade sources (2012) 3. Customer Analysis 3. 1 Customer choice factors After Ministry of Tourism announce and promote “Incredible India” in 2002, the number of visitor rise continuously because the successful of campaign (Ministry of Tourism of India 2012).
India has done very well in creating value and positioning in tourism industry, they provide goods or services that meet or exceed visitors satisfaction base on understanding what customer’s really need and it bring to customer choice factor analyses. Customer choice factor may relate to five factors which are Personal factor, Social factor, Environmental factor, Economic factor and Psychological factor (DOLCETA 2012). Below are lists of possible customer choice factors on tourism industry. 3. 1. 1 Personal factor comes from individual personality: age, sex, emotion, needs, like, knowledge, hobbies and etc. re involved such as (DOLCETA 2012): – Visiting new place – Arts and cultural are attractive – Experiencing new and different lifestyle – Trying new food – Have fun and being entertained – Facilities for disabilities – Exciting outdoor activities – Facilities for disabilities – Standards of hygiene and cleanliness 3. 1. 2 Social factor related with individual sociality and relationship: social trends, family, friends, and other people recommendations. With this factor CCFs might be (DOLCETA 2012): – Meeting new and different people – Being together as family – Being able to communicate in English – Activities for the whole family
TRAVETSAT(2011) reports that 38% of international tourists choose their destination based on friends & relatives’ recommendation. 3. 1. 3 Environmental factor, many people make decision and exaptation for the destination country base on environment, these people need (DOLCETA 2012): – Interesting rural countryside – Convenience transportation – Nice weather – Exotic atmosphere – Good environmental quality 3. 1. 4 Economic factor, traveling aboard is an activity that must spend a lot of money; some people cannot afford and have limitation for expending during their journey which some money is not a big deal and those also affect to CCFs.
The possible CCFs are (DOLCETA 2012): – Inexpensive cost – Variety of shopping place – Destination is valuable to holiday money 3. 1. 5 Psychological factor this factor quite difficult to explain that how it relate to CCFs of tourist because psychological is totally unique in each person depend on their mental function, behaviour and believed then the possible CCFs might be (DOLCETA 2012): – Relaxation – visiting their remembrances places – Safely 3. 2 Segmentation Segmentation helps dividing the present and potential market; organizations will better identify and compare market opportunity.
Segments are considered on the basic of geographic, demographic and psychographic. Thus, each segment should distinguishable from others, reachable and relevant to our product (McDonald and Dunbar 2007). The possible segments in tourisms are: Family tourism, customer in this segment usually travels with their family, might be parents with young children spend time together in order to educate their children and make a good relationship between members in family (Ball, Horner and Nield 2007). Religious tourism has purposes for pilgrimage, missionary especially Muslim and Buddhism.
They would like to visit ancient pilgrimage place, in fact all religions – Hindu, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism have their major and minor pilgrimage centre in the different countries (Gupta, Lal and Bhattacharyya 2002). Health & wellness tourism involved “people who travel to a different place to receive treatment or proactively pursue activities that maintain or enhance their personal health and well-being, lower cost of care, higher quality of care and different treatment that they could receive at home. This most customers in this segment are Europeans because patients must wait of long time and process in order to avail medical treatment (Global Spa Summit 2011). Adventure tourism is categorized by “the large amount of activities tourists undertake during their trip, and the large amount of interaction with the natural environment of their destination” Typically adventure tourism will involve something that they would normally not have chance to partake in any other day (Ball, Horner and Nield 2007).
Luxury tourism is “something that is an indulgence rather than a necessity, sumptuous or expensive, abundance or great ease and comfort” these are all definitions of luxury (The Strategic Travel Action Resource 2003). They just want to spend their money to escape from real life and experience their ideal life for a short term. 3. 3 Segmentation Matrix According to tourist’s CCFs we can summaries and segment customer then present in the Segmentation Matrix adapted from Ministry of Tourism of India 2012 Customer Choice Factors (CCFs)| Visiting new place- Arts and cultural are attractive- Experiencing new and different lifestyle- Trying new food- Have fun and being entertained- Facilities for disabilities- Exciting outdoor activities- Standards of hygiene and cleanliness- Meeting new and different people- Being together as family- Being able to communicate in English- Activities for the whole family- Interesting rural countryside- Convenience transportation- Nice weather- Exotic atmosphere- Good environmental quality- Inexpensive cost- Variety of shopping place- Destination is valuable to holiday money- Relaxation- visiting their remembrances places- Safety| Segment Name| Characteristics| Profile| Principal Benefits Sought| Family tourism| These are people who have family and aim to do an activity together, rapprochement in family and educating their children. | – Age 7-15 and 30- 45- Couples with young Children. – Well educate- Moderate income | -Visiting new place- Have fun and being entertained- Being together as familyActivities for the whole family- Safety| Religious tourism| These are people who travel individually or in groups have a passionate for pilgrimage, missionary, or leisure (fellowship) purposes. Love to visit holy site or holy place. – Age 40 – 70 – Couples or single, no children- Enthusiast- Priest| – Arts and cultural are attractive- Inexpensive cost- visiting their remembrances places| Health ; wellness tourism| These are people who interested in medical treatment, health and well-being. This range from luxury spa, meditation, yoga, to hospital treatments| – Age 30 – 70- Men and Women- Middle – high income- Interesting in Health ; wellness| – Inexpensive cost- Being able to communicate in English- Standards of hygiene and cleanliness| Adventure tourism| These are people who like extreme, venture, and action activities such as mountain climbing, trekking, camping, canyonning, rock climbing and etc. – Young, age 18 – 25- Male- Student ; fresh graduated- Alert ; active| – Experiencing new and different lifestyle- Have fun and being entertained- Exciting outdoor activities- Exotic atmosphere| Luxury tourism| These are people who prefer excellent service, luxury accommodation, high class shopping and other things that make they fell special and unique. | – Age 40+- Newlywed, Honeymoons- High income- Epicure, tasteful| – Convenience transportation- Relaxation- Nice weather- Variety of shopping place| Table 5 Segmentation Matrix| 4. Competitor Analysis Competitor analysis is significant in planning marketing strategies; Company need avoid “competitor myopia”. To find out main competitor, company must clearly understand competitor’s strengths and weakness including their objective and strategies (Jobber 2010).
Referring to segmentation matrix, each segment has different competitor, some are share competitors which shows in table 6 . The analyses focus on countries which are located in Asia. Japan is the most development country in Asia pacific thus facilities and service offer very high standard suitable for family and luxury tourism to visit there (Japan National Tourism Organization 2012). Singapore is high growing in entertainment sightseeing such as Sentosa Island. Family and luxury tourism are attracted by long sheltered beach, golf courses, five-star hotels, and the Resorts World Sentosa, featuring the theme park Universal Studios Singapore (Singapore Tourism Board 2012).
China, This year China push trend “China Happy & Healthy Tour 2012” aims health tourism to visit because china has rich knowledge in oriental medical for a thousand year it offer an alternative medical (China National Tourism Administration 2012). Thailand has various Buddhist temples, exotic wildlife, and spectacular islands, also provides wide range area of actives related with natural. Moreover health and wellness tourism has a good reputation in the international market (Tourism Authority of Thailand 2012). Segment Name| Competitor| Family tourism| Japan, Singapore, Thailand| Religious tourism| Thailand| Health & wellness tourism| Thailand, China, Singapore| Adventure tourism| Thailand ,China| Luxury tourism| Japan, Singapore| Table 6 India’s Competitor divided by segment Next, the table 7 will show competitors strengths and weakness Country| Strengths| Weakness|
Japan (Japan National Tourism Organization 2012)| – High Technology- Convenience transportation- Good management of government- Has Tokyo Disneyland | – Less people can speak English- High of living cost| Singapore (Singapore Tourism Board 2012)| – High growing economic- Convenience transportation- English is official language- Entertainment industry is flourishing | – Few of historical places- High of living cost | China (China National Tourism Administration 2012)| – Rich heritage of culture, ancient place and mix traditional- Fast country development- Has new travel spot thought out country- 43 Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List- Low living cost| – Social criminal- Only big city has good facilities- Less people can speak English| Thailand (Tourism Authority of Thailand 2012)| – Top 10 in Health tourism- Third largest Buddhist Population in the world- Has significant religious place- Variety of adventure activities- Beautiful landscape | – Unstable Political in country- moderate of English literacy | Table 7 Competitors strengths and weakness 5. Internal analysis The internal analysis is a review of an organization’s strengths and weaknesses depending upon their impact on the organization’s objectives. Resource and capabilities, current offering, performance, business relationship and key issue are five factors influence the internal environment (Wood 2004). By the way strengths with respect to one objective may be weaknesses for another objective.
A detailed internal analysis will give a good sense of its basic competencies and the desirable improvement that it can make to meet potential customer’s requirements. For more detail of internal analysis will be discussed in SWOT analysis. 6. Summary SWOT analysis and ‘Key Take Out’ 6. 1 SWOT analysis SWOT analysis encompasses both internal and external audit of the firm, good analyses can lead to creating marketing plan and strategy (Hollensen 2010). SWOT matrix below details strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of India adapted from (ANSARI March 2012), (Chakravarth, Kumar and K 2008) and (Mecdonald 2003). Table 8 SWOT analysis 6. 2 Key Take Out
The Key Take Outs will summarise the main finding from SWOT analysis which directed significant to customer needs. The point is to single out what to be push forward or adjusted (Wood 2004). As mentioned in CCFs SWOT and reference to Top Factors Influencing Destination Choice by TRAVELSAT (2011), the affordable cost and English illiterate is the India’s greatest strengths; the British Council (2011) claimed that English has often been referred to as a world language and most often taught as a foreign language. This is the reason why travellers prefer visit country which can speak English. Besides strength, the ineffective marketing seems to be the greatest weakness that should be concerned.
With lack of marketing cause India cannot position in strong competition. So the India’s strategic planning will develop weaknesses to strengths meanwhile match the existing strengths with promising opportunities. 7. Targeting analysis and positioning 7. 1 Targeting analysis Referring to customer analysis, there are 5 possible segments of India’s tourism. In this session will evaluate those segments in order to select one target segment. The targeting process will focus on attractiveness of each segment such as Market factor, competitive factors and environment factors in order to screen out insufficient profit potential and intense completion segments (Jobber 2010).
Furthermore the target segment should fit to firm’s capability as well. To decide which segment is the best target, the target market selection model and Two-factor theory will be applied. Figure 1Target market selection model Source: HOOLEY, Graham J. J. , SAUNDERS, John A. and PIERC, Nigel (2004). Marketing strategy and competitive positioning. 3rd ed. , Harlow, Financial Times Prentice Hall. p. 358. Referring to the Two-factor theory contains with hygiene factor which cause people feeling of dissatisfaction while motivator factor brings people’s satisfaction. Or can say that hygiene factor is the lower level needs and motivator is the higher level needs (Reisinger 2009).
The Targeting Decision Matrix below summarises the targeting segment analyses link back to CCFs, adapted from (Lye, Hill and Baker 2012) Segment Name| Segment Attractiveness| Competition Position| Target decision| For targeted segments| | | | | What are the Hygiene factors? | What are possible Motivators? | Family tourism| Unattractive| Weak| Avoid| – Safety – Family activities| – Recognition- Interpersonal relation| Religious tourism| Average| Average| Possible| – Arts and religious’ cultural are attractive – Believe | – Sense of achievement- Inexpensive cost | Health ; Wellness tourism| Attractive| Strong| Primary target| – Standards of hygiene | – Inexpensive cost –
Being able to communicate in English – Wellbeing| Adventure tourism| Average| Average| Possible| – Exciting outdoor activities | – Exotic atmosphere – Experiencing new and different lifestyle – Have fun and being entertained | Luxury tourism| Average| Average| Possible| – Relaxation | – Convenience transportation – Nice weather – Variety of shopping places | Table 9 The targeting segment analyses 7. 2 Positioning European Health and Wellness tourism is chosen to be the primary segment. As competitors analysis shows that Thailand China and Singapore are the major competitors of the target segment. In order to understand the relative position of product compares with others competitors, two importance CCFs are used to represent the positioning map | English literacy| | Inexpensive cost| India India | Singapore Singapore Thailand Thailand | Expensive cost| | China China | | | | English illiteracy| | Figure 2 The positioning map of Health and Wellness tourism segment.
To summarise, there are 3 aspects that help to consider the Health and Wellness tourism as a primary target. First is high growth rate, as in segmentation matrix shows that age of target group is around 30 – 70 years old. CIA World Factbook( 2012) reported that over 65% of world populations are 15-70 years old and continuing increase over the next 10 years. Meanwhile, the trends of health and wellness are very popular in the development country such as UK people are looking for alternative medication which is high standard, cheaper and not consume their time. The third is completion position compare with competitors as the positioning map clearly shows that China has inexpensive medication cost but lack of English literacy.
In contrast, Singapore fluently speaks English but cost of treatment is too high meanwhile Thai people able to speak English in the middle level but cost of medication still high unlike India has high English literacy and inexpensive cost, positively support to CCFs of target segment as they need low-cost and English speaking. With all above reasons make target segment has the most possibilities of profit creator. 8. Strategic Planning and Setting Objectives The Department of Tourism will to use growth strategy. As ResearchAndMarket website (2012) did the research of “Asian Medical Tourism Analysis (2008-2012)” and forecasted that India medical tourism able to account 38% of market with in next year. Thus, it become operational objectives for India medical tourism; “Dominate at least 38% market share of the region’s medical tourism industry by 2013, become the highest number of medical tourist and income among other Asian countries within 5 years “.
Furthermore, ” for the long-term substitutable strategy; objective to gain insight into brand awareness of target customer to middle level and creating the value proposition in customer mind within 10 years ” In order to achieve goals the Ansoff’s Matrix will be taken to account; it offers a strategy for reaching objective, identify the key directions and develop sustainable competitive advantage (Ansoff 1987). Figure 3 Ansoff’s Matrix Source: ANSOFF, H. L (1987). Strategies for Diversification. Harvard Business Review, Sept. – Oct. , p. 114. As current India medical service has well reputation in the European customers, in the other words India has existing products with existing markets.
So the tourism department should do the market penetration focus on the European customer. 9. The “Value Proposition” The value Proposition can be defined as a benefit which customer will receive in return for the customer’s associated payment or in the other hands why a consumer should buy a product or use a service (Hollensen 2010). As the figure 2, we offer customer a standard but inexpensive cost of medical and treatment which operated by English literacy authorities. 10. Marketing Mix Recommendations The marketing mix is a key tool used in marketing; it consists of Product, Price, Promotion, Place, People, Physical Appearances and Processes (Wood 2004).
In this session will give recommendations for each element but more detailed on Promotion due to international advertising is the weakness of India tourism. We aim to transform weakness into strength and creating sustainable competitive advantage (Kotler and Armstrong 2012). Product is a customer solution. To satisfy customer needs, India offer wind range of alternative quality medications and services. The Indian Systems of Medicine include Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (see appendix A) and also has a number of hospitals offering a world class treatment with the specialities and health personnel together (Chakravarth, Kumar and K 2008). They may try to offer medical & travel package to customers.
Price is the customer cost, as CCFs of medical tourism they prefer an affordable cost. At this stage, an organization can do the cost differentiate, low cost, discount, and credit terms (Chakravarth, Kumar and K 2008). Promotion refers to the communication, as SWOT shows India lack of international advertising then they should do the following suggestions: * Increase international advertising. It is good for awareness building in the international market by do advertising on TV in the target countries. Thus, brand concept can be communicated effectively (Kotler and Armstrong 2012). * Personal selling: sell medical package via local agencies.
Because agencies not only interactive with customer but also adaptable depending on customer needs (Kotler and Armstrong 2012). * Direct marketing: Targeting on target customers and continuous built long term relationship (Jobber 2010). * Internet promotion: The message send to customer thought electronic media. It is the global reach at relatively low cost but affective and measureable (Jobber 2010). For instant specific website for medical tourism with many languages. Place relevant to convenience. Organization should develop their transportation services make it easy for visitors (Wood 2004). Such as provide Car/ ambulance transfer from airport – hotel – hospital. People, India should develop and train ealth personnel’s skills in order to keep them standardize (Continuum Learning PTE LTD. 2012). Physical Evidence is about where the service is being delivered from. This element of the marketing mix will distinguish a company from its competitors. Customers will make judgments about the organisation based on the physical evidence. For example, in the hospitals or health clubs should have reliable certificate, good ambient conditions and facilities or join and international medical associations. (Continuum Learning PTE LTD. 2012). Process: Develop the process of medication or treatment in India try to make it faster but high quality than another European country (Continuum Learning PTE LTD. 2012). 11. Measuring Success
Wood (2004) suggested that if company want to know whether marketing process successful, company must have clear objectives and baseline measures. At the CEOs and Boards of tourism department point of view surely they care about the financial. The best measurement metrics should be the revenue, margin, profit and ROI (Marketo Inc. 2012). Although, the financial is important but on the marketer aspect the market share and customer’s brand awareness are essential as well. By monitoring those result after lunch marketing activates compare with the previous result, firm can realise that they do the marketing activities in the right way or not? 12. Summary
The Department of Tourism India chose Health ; wellness tourism as the target segment, the market plan base on the analytical process of PESTEL, internal, competitors, customers, SWOT and marketing mix. Propose to create objective and long term competition advantage and strategy. The success may measure by marketing metres such as revenue, margin, profit, ROI market share and brand awareness. Appendix A Ayurveda: The healing touch of the magic of the invaluable Indian legacy is Ayurveda. Ayurveda is a unique health care system that was established in India in around 600 BC. Ayurveda is an indispensable branch of medicine, a complete naturalistic system that depends on the diagnosis of the body’s ailments to achieve the right balance Yoga is not really a system of medicine.
Its objectives are self- realization and spiritual union with all –pervasive divine cosmic power. But certain intermediary practices and yogic attitudes have proved beneficial for reducing stress, preventing many lifestyle-related diseases, and promoting general health and wellbeing. Naturopathy is based on the fundamental principles of Ayurveda. The basic tenet of Naturopathy is to live according to the laws of nature: disease occurs due to the accumulation of toxins in the body, and to cure the ailment, the body is purified with the use of natural methods, dietary regulations and exercise. Unani: The Unani system originated in the fourth and fifth century BC in Greece under the patronage of Hippocrates and Galen.
The system is based on the Humoural theory that good health depends on the balance of the four humours: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. Siddha: Siddha means a “master” thus the name denoted the mastery of such practices. The most famous of the siddha was Nagarjuna, whose forms the basis of this system. The distinctive features of siddha are its reliance on minerals and metallic compounds, and its emphasis on rejuvenation therapies. Homeopathy: The term homeopathy comes from the Greek word ‘homios’ means like and ‘pathos’ means suffering. Homeopathy works by looking at the symptoms, will take into account the individual’s mental, physical, emotional and spiritual health before deciding the treatment. Homeopathy is based on the principles that ‘like cures like’.
Source: Chakravarth, Kalyan, Kumar, C H. Ravi and K, Deept (2008). Conference on Tourism in India – Challenges Ahead- Swot Analysis On: Medical Tourism. IIMK, 15-17 May 2008. , p. 358 – 364. References ANSARI, DR. IRFAN AHMED ( March 2012). SWOT ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL TOURISM IN VARANASI. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 2 (3), 210 – 223. ANSOFF, H. L (1987). Strategies for Diversification. Harvard Bussiness Review, Sept. – Oct. , 114. BACK, Les, BENNETT, Andy and EDLES, Laura (2012). Cultural Sociology: An Introduction. [online]. Blackwell Publishing. last accessed 17/10/2012 at: www. myilibrary. com BALL, Stephen, HORNER, Susan and NIELD, Kevein (2007).
Contempory hositality & tourism : management issues in china and india. Oxford, Elsevier Ltd. BBC NEWS (2012). India train accident kills five. [online]. 31 05, Article from World Asia last accessed 07/10/2012 at: http://www. bbc. co. uk/news/world-asia-india-18276006 BBC NEWS (2012). India train fire kills 32 in Andhra Pradesh. [online]. 30 07, last accessed 07/10/2012 at: http://www. bbc. co. uk/news/world-asia-india-19043970 CHAKRAVARTH, Kalyan, KUMAR, C H. Ravi and K, Deept (2008). Conference on Tourism in India – Challenges Ahead- Swot Analysis On: Medical Tourism. IIMK, 15-17 May 2008. , 358 – 364. CHINA NATIONAL TOURISM ADMINISTRATION (2012). China National Tourism Administration. [online].
Last accessed 12 10 2012 at: http://www. tourismchina. org CIA (2012). The Central Intelligence Agency. [online]. Last accessed 10 10 2012 at: https://www. cia. gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/in. html CONTINUUM LEARNING PTE LTD. (2012). 7Ps of Services Marketing. [online]. Last accessed 27 11 2012 at: http://www. continuumlearning. com/Customer%20Services_7Ps%20of%20Services. pdf DOGAC, A, et al. (2004). Semantically enriched web services for the travel industry. SIGMOD Rec. , , 3, 7-21. DOLCETA (2012). Factors Which Influence. [online]. Last accessed 07 10 2012 at: http://www. dolceta. eu/united-kingdom/index. php EUROMONITOR INTERNATIONAL (2012).
Health and Wellness in India. [online]. Last accessed 8 10 2012 at: http://www. portal. euromonitor. com. lcproxy. shu. ac. uk/Portal/Pages/Search/SearchResultsList. aspx EUROMONITOR INTERNATIONAL (2012). Travel and Tourism in Indonesia. [online]. Last accessed 18 10 2012 at: http://www. portal. euromonitor. com EUROMONITOR INTERNATIONAL (2012). Travel and Tourism in Thailand. [online]. Last accessed 18 10 2012 at: www. portal. euromonitor. com FUTUREBRAND (2012). FutureBrand. [online]. Last accessed 28 10 2012 at: http://www. futurebrand. com/think/reports-studies/cbi/2009/overview/ GLOBAL SPA SUMMIT (2011). RESEARCH REPORT: GLOBAL SPA SUMMIT 2011. [online]. Last