JL MC 101 Ch. 8

(T/F) The first newspaper produced in North America was Publick Occurrences, Both
Foreign and Domestick.
(T/F) By the penny press era, the average newspaper cost eighteen cents per copy
(T/F) Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World would stage events for the sole purpose of
making news to cover.
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(T/F) Yellow journalism in the 1890s was the origin of investigative journalism in the
twentieth century.
(T/F) The term yellow journalism originated from a New York newspaper in the late
nineteenth century that was printed on yellow-toned paper stock.
(T/F) Journalism is a scientific and objective method of communication.
(T/F) The inverted-pyramid news story form is most commonly used with objective news
(T/F) History suggests that objective reporting grew out of an opportunity to mass-market news that would not offend particular groups.
(T/F) Literary journalism uses the devices of fiction to construct a portrait of the real
world using nonfictional experiences.
(T/F) Online news has contributed to the creation of the 24/7 news cycle.
(T/F) According to researchers, most small nondaily papers in the United States are
consensus oriented rather than conflict oriented.
(T/F) The phrase underground press refers to newspapers that operate out of major
urban sewer systems.
(T/F) Around 2005, large newspaper chains responded to the decline in newspaper
circulation by buying up more newspapers and increasing newsroom staff.
(T/F) Larger newspaper operations overall seem to be more financially stable than small town newspapers.
(T/F) Online newspaper stories have to be briefer and more streamlined than the print
(T/F) Of all our mass media institutions, newspapers have played the longest and
strongest role in sustaining American democracy.
(T/F) Broadsides differed from newspapers in that their content was meant to remain
relevant for a longer period of time.
(T/F) Embarrassing a public official was often the reason early newspaper owners were
forced to shut down or were even jailed.
Penny press newspapers
-First to have crime reporters
-Shifted economic base away from political sphere
-Would print any ad
-Considered consumer news
-Promoted literacy
-Empowered public about government affairs
-Started wire services to relay news around the country and the world
Which of the following eras of journalism best represents the historical arrival of
newspapers as a mass medium?
Penny Press Era
Yellow journalism is
A type of journalism that emphasized exciting human interests stories, crime news, large headlines and more readable copy. May often make up things for headlines.
What were the two significant features of yellow journalism?
Sensationalism (Dramatic stories)
The two publishers most associated with yellow journalism in the late 1800s were
Joseph Pulitzer (New York World)
William Hearst (New York Journal)
Modern journalism started to develop in the nineteenth century mainly because
Focus on objectivity/ inverted pyramid
Select the correct historical order among the following major eras in journalism
1. Colonial/Partisan Press
2. Penny Press Era
3. Yellow Journalism Era
4. Modern Journalism
Name the publication most closely associated with the rise of modern journalism.
The New York Times
Objective journalism as championed by Adolph Ochs and the New York Times was
particularly good at
Downplaying sensational stories and favoring the documentation of major events/issues
What spawned the rise of interpretive journalism in the 1930s and 1940s?
It was used as a way to address the new deal years, the rise of modern scientific technology, the increasing interdependence of economics groups at home and the shrinking of the world into one vast arena for power politics
Besides providing community calendars and meeting notices, _______ newspapers
mostly carry articles on local schools, social events, town government, property
crimes, and zoning issues.
Which of the following are specific groups of readers targeted by specialized
African American, Spanish language, Asian America, Native American.
The newshole
35-50% Space reserved for news, the remaining space is devoted to advertising
Advertising revenue, the lifeblood of newspaper operations
Has fallen dramatically in the last few years with internet ad sales unable to fill the gap
Which of the following is a way that online journalism is redefining news?
-Speeds up news cycle
-Nontraditional sources shape news stories
-Reduced standards for journalistic accuracy?
Which statement(s) is/are true about the relationship between blogging and
traditional newspaper news?
Bloggers: Mostly amateurs, rely on anon sources, post news items immediately, keep stories alive longer than newspapers, do not have to worry about staff or earning advertising revenue
Newspaper: Ad based, commercial system depends on retaining circulation, sell trust, economic structure invested in integrity and accuracy, when journalists delay story it is to avoid error, journalists tend to shun anon sources and they usually require more than one source to verify story.
Worried about the shaky financial underpinnings of print journalism, some have
suggested new business models, including
-Former print reportes start online newspapers
-Having wealthy universities buy and support newspapers
-Having wealthy Internet companies expand into the news business
-Having newspapers operate as nonprofits that run on tax-deductible contributions
Which is NOT one of the critiques against objective news stories?
The critiques are:
-Impossible to achieve (Journalism is NOT a science but a literary practice)
-Always bias (even if reporter is unaware)
-Doesn’t offer much diversity in the presentation of news
-Isn’t always the best way to engage with readers

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