Key Concepts 2.1/2.2 Religion and Empires

Key Concepts 2.1/2.2 Religion and Empires

Polytheism
Belief in multiple gods
Hinduism
Outlined in Sanskirt scriptures, vedic religions, contributed to political and social roles of a caste system. Reincarnation. Neither Polytheistic and Monotheistic.
Judaism
The covenant, the law and the prophets Ten Commandments and Moses. First Monotheistic religion. Torah.
Buddhism
Spread by Ashoka, Missionaries and merchants Founded by Siddhartha Guatama. Taught that desire led to suffering.
Confucianism
Social harmony. Five relationships
Daoism
Balance between human and nature. Influences are symmetric and presents order and spontaneity. Founded by Lao Tzu
Christianity
Constantine made this official religion of Roman Empire. Founded by Jesus.
Monsoons
Seasonal rains and winds.
What difference would geography make in long term development of a society such as Romans and Han China?
The protection of more land.
Deforestation
Clearing forested land. Results in no housing, fuel or agriculture.
How China rejects Buddhism?
Challenges traditional Chinese values.
How China benefits from Buddhism?
Respected with classic text and severed attachments to material goods and pleasure.
How might gender roles be affected as people settled?
Patriarch continued to shape genders and family relations in all imperial societies of this period
Decline of the Woman
Ubranization, complex political and social structures, growing merchant/middle class and more value placed on owning property.
Decline of the Woman in India
Lost the right to own or inherit property, couldn’t study sacred texts, treated like the Shudras, Obey father, husband and sons, married at early age, practice of sati and escaped to become Buddhist.
Greece-Roman Philosophy
Science, mathematics, elements, gods, universe, reasoning, logic, Socratic Method, Scientific Method. Key thinkers are Socrates, Plato and Aristotle.
Development of a Belief System
Protection and support, desire for a deeper sense of significance in life, hope for existence after death and provide answers to external questions.
Five Common Traits of a Belief System
Sacred calendars & rituals, sacred places, sacred teachings & writings, sacred symbols and religious organizations.
Empire
An extensive group of state or countries under a single supreme authority formerly, esp. an emperor or empress.