Measuring a Nation’s Income

Chapter 23 Measuring a Nation’s Income TRUE/FALSE 1. In years of economic contraction, firms throughout the economy increase their production of goods and services, employment rises, and jobs are easy to find. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Economic expansionMSC:Definitional 2. Macroeconomic statistics include GDP, the inflation rate, the unemployment rate, retail sales, and the trade deficit. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Definitional 3.

Macroeconomic statistics tell us about a particular household, firm, or market. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Definitional 4. Macroeconomics is the study of the economy as a whole. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Definitional 5. The goal of macroeconomics is to explain the economic changes that affect many households, firms, and markets simultaneously. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Definitional . Microeconomics and macroeconomics are closely linked. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Microeconomics | MacroeconomicsMSC:Definitional 7. The basic tools of supply and demand are as central to macroeconomic analysis as they are to microeconomic analysis. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Demand | SupplyMSC:Definitional 8. GDP is the most closely watched economic statistic because it is thought to be the best single measure of a society’s economic well-being. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-0

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 9. GDP can measure either the total income of everyone in the economy or the total expenditure on the economy’s output of goods and services, but GDP cannot measure both at the same time. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 10. For an economy as a whole, income must exceed expenditure. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Income | ExpenditureMSC:Definitional 11.

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NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 14. U. S. GDP includes the market value of rental housing, but not the market value of owner-occupied housing. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 15. U. S. GDP excludes the production of most illegal goods. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 16. U. S. GDP includes estimates of the value of items that are produced and consumed at home, such as housework and car maintenance. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-2

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 17. GDP includes only the value of final goods because the value of intermediate goods is already included in the prices of the final goods. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Definitional 18. Additions to inventory subtract from GDP, and when the goods in inventory are later used or sold, the reductions in inventory add to GDP. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | InventoryMSC:Definitional 9. While GDP includes tangible goods such as books and bug spray, it excludes intangible services such as the services provided by teachers and exterminators. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 20. At a rummage sale, you buy two old books and an old rocking chair; your spending on these items is not included in current GDP. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 21. When an American doctor opens a practice in Bermuda, his production there is part of U.

S. GDP. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 22. If the U. S. government reports that GDP in the third quarter was $12 trillion at an annual rate, then the amount of income and expenditure during quarter three was $3 trillion. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 23. The government computes measures of income other than GDP because these other measures usually tell different stories about overall economic conditions.

ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | IncomeMSC:Interpretive 24. Expenditures by households on education are included in the consumption component of GDP. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:ConsumptionMSC:Interpretive 25. Most goods whose purchases are included in the investment component of GDP are used to produce other goods. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:InvestmentMSC:Interpretive 26.

New home construction is included in the consumption component of GDP. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:InvestmentMSC:Interpretive 27. Changes in inventory are included in the investment component of GDP. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:InvestmentMSC:Interpretive 28. The investment component of GDP refers to financial investment in stocks and bonds. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:InvestmentMSC:Interpretive 29.

The government purchases component of GDP includes salaries paid to soldiers but not Social Security benefits paid to the elderly. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Government purchasesMSC:Interpretive 30. If the value of an economy’s imports exceeds the value of that economy’s exports, then net exports is a negative number. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Net exportsMSC:Interpretive 31. If someone in the United States buys a surfboard produced in Australia, then that purchase is included in both the consumption component of U.

S. GDP and the net exports component of U. S. GDP. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Consumption | Net exportsMSC:Applicative 32. If consumption is $4000, exports are $300, government purchases are $1000, imports are $400, and investment is $800, then GDP is $5700. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 33. If exports are $500, GDP is $8000, government purchases are $1200, imports are $700, and investment is $800, then consumption is $6200. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-3

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:ConsumptionMSC:Applicative 34. If consumption is $1800, GDP is $4300, government purchases are $1000, imports are $700, and investment is $1200, then exports are $300. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:ExportsMSC:Applicative 35. U. S. GDP was almost $14 billion in 2007. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-3 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 36. In 2007, government purchases was the largest component of U. S. GDP. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-3

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 37. If total spending rises from one year to the next, then the economy must be producing a larger output of goods and services. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 38. An increase in nominal U. S. GDP necessarily implies that the United States is producing a larger output of goods and services. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Nominal GDPMSC:Interpretive 39.

Nominal GDP uses constant base-year prices to place a value on the economy’s production of goods and services, while real GDP uses current prices to place a value on the economy’s production of goods and services. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Nominal GDP | Real GDPMSC:Definitional 40. Real GDP evaluates current production using prices that are fixed at past levels and therefore shows how the economy’s overall production of goods and services changes over time. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDPMSC:Definitional 1. The term real GDP refers to a country’s actual GDP as opposed to its estimated GDP. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDPMSC:Interpretive 42. Changes in real GDP reflect only changes in the amounts being produced. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDPMSC:Definitional 43. Real GDP is a better gauge of economic well-being than is nominal GDP. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Nominal GDP | Real GDPMSC:Definitional 44.

Changes in the GDP deflator reflect only changes in the prices of goods and services. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP deflatorMSC:Interpretive 45. If nominal GDP is $10,000 and real GDP is $8,000, then the GDP deflator is 125. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP deflatorMSC:Applicative 46. If nominal GDP is $12,000 and the GDP deflator is 80, then real GDP is $15,000. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDPMSC:Applicative 7. Economists use the term inflation to describe a situation in which the economy’s overall production level is rising. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:Unemployment and inflationTOP:Inflation MSC:Definitional 48. If the GDP deflator in 2006 was 160 and the GDP deflator in 2007 was 180, then the inflation rate in 2007 was 12. 5%. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:Unemployment and inflationTOP:Inflation rate MSC:Applicative 49. If the GDP deflator in 2004 was 150 and the GDP deflator in 2005 was 120, then the inflation rate in 2005 was 25%. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-4

NAT:AnalyticLOC:Unemployment and inflationTOP:Inflation rate MSC:Applicative 50. The GDP deflator can be used to take inflation out of nominal GDP. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP deflatorMSC:Definitional 51. In 2004, the level of U. S. real GDP was close to four times its 1965 level. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDPMSC:Definitional 52. The output of goods and services produced in the United States has grown on average 3. 2 percent per year. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4

NAT:AnalyticLOC:Productivity and growthTOP:Growth MSC:Definitional 53. Periods during which real GDP rises are called recessions. ANS:FDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:RecessionsMSC:Definitional 54. Recessions are associated with lower incomes, rising unemployment, and falling profits. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-4 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:RecessionsMSC:Definitional 55. If real GDP is higher in one country than in another, then we can be sure that the standard of living is higher in the country with the higher real GDP. ANS:FDIF:2REF:23-5

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDP | Standard of livingMSC:Interpretive 56. Real GDP per person tells us the income and expenditure of the average person in the economy. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-5 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDP per personMSC:Definitional 57. GDP does not directly measure those things that make life worthwhile, but it does measure our ability to obtain many of the inputs into a worthwhile life. ANS:TDIF:1REF:23-5 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 58.

GDP does not make adjustments for leisure time, environmental quality, or volunteer work. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-5 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 59. Other things equal, in countries with higher levels of real GDP per person, life expectancy and literacy rates are higher than in countries with lower levels of real GDP per person. ANS:TDIF:2REF:23-5 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive SHORT ANSWER 1. GDP is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time.

In spite of this definition, some production is left out of GDP. Explain why some final goods and services are not included. ANS: GDP excludes some products because they are so difficult to measure. These products include services performed by individuals for themselves and their families, and most goods that are produced and consumed at home and, therefore, never enter the marketplace. In addition, illegal products are not included in GDP even if they can be measured because, by society’s definition, they are bads, not goods.

DIF:2REF:23-2NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economicsTOP:GDP MSC:Interpretive 2. Explain why it is the case that the value of intermediate goods produced and sold during the year is not included directly as part of GDP, but the value of intermediate goods produced and not sold is included directly as part of GDP. ANS: Intermediate goods produced and sold during the year are not included separately as part of GDP because the value of those goods is included in the value of the final goods produced from them.

If the intermediate good is produced but not sold during the year, its value is included as inventory investment for the year in which it was produced. If inventory investment was not included as part of GDP, true production would be underestimated for the year the intermediate good went into inventory, and overestimated for the year the intermediate good is used or sold. DIF:2REF:23-2NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economicsTOP:GDP | Intermediate goods MSC:Interpretive 3. Since it is counted as investment, why doesn’t the purchase of earthmoving equipment from China by a U. S. orporation increase U. S. GDP? ANS: The purchase of foreign equipment is counted as investment, but GDP measures only the value of production within the geographic borders of the United States. In order to avoid including the value of the imported equipment, imports are subtracted from GDP. Hence, the value of the equipment in investment is canceled by subtracting its value as an import. DIF:2REF:23-3NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economicsTOP:GDP | Investment | Imports MSC:Applicative 4. Identify the immediate effect of each of the following events on U. S. GDP and its components. a. |James receives a Social Security check. | |b. |John buys an Italian sports car. | |c. |Henry buys domestically produced tools for his construction company. | ANS: |a. |Since this is a transfer payment, there is no change to GDP or to any of its components. | |b. |Consumption and imports will rise and cancel each other out so that there is no change in U. S. GDP. | |c. |This increases the investment component of GDP and so increases GDP. | DIF:2REF:23-3NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Transfer payments | Net exports | InvestmentMSC:Applicative . Between 1929 and 1933, NNP measured in current prices fell from $96 billion to $48 billion. Over the same period, the relevant price index fell from 100 to 75. |a. |What was the percentage decline in nominal NNP from 1929 to1933? | |b. |What was the percentage decline in real NNP from 1929 to 1933? Show your work. | ANS: |a. |NNP measured in current prices is nominal NNP. Nominal NNP fell from $96 billion to $48 billion, a decline of 50 percent. | |b. |Real NNP is nominal NNP divided by the price index and multiplied by 100. Real NNP in 1929 was ($96 b/100) [pic] 100 = $96 | | |b.

Real NNP in 1933 was ($48 b/75) [pic] 100 = $64 b. Real NNP fell from $96 billion to $64 billion, a decline of 33 | | |percent. | DIF:2REF:23-4NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economicsTOP:Nominal NNP | Real NNP MSC:Applicative 6. You find that your paycheck for the year is higher this year than last. Does that mean that your real income has increased? Explain carefully. ANS: Real income is nominal income adjusted for general increase in prices. If my paycheck is higher this year than last, my nominal income has increased.

Whether my real income has increased or not depends on what has happened since last year to the level of prices of things I buy with my income. If the percentage increase in prices is less than the percentage increase in my nominal income, then my real income has increased. Otherwise, my real income has not increased. DIF:2REF:23-4NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Nominal income | Real incomeMSC:Interpretive 7. U. S. real GDP is substantially higher today than it was 60 years ago. What does this tell us, and what does it not tell us, about the well-being of U.

S. residents? ANS: Since this is in real terms, it tells us that the U. S. is able to make a lot more stuff than in the past. Some of the increase in real GDP is probably due to an increase in population, so we could say more if we knew what had happened to real GDP per person. Supposing that there was also an increase in real GDP per person, we can say that the standard of living has risen. Material things are an important part of well-being. Having sufficient amounts of things such as food, shelter, and clothing are fundamental to well-being.

Other things such as security, a safe environment, access to safe water, access to medical care, justice, and freedom also matter. However, many of these things are more easily obtained by being able to produce more using fewer resources. Countries with higher real GDP per person tend to have longer life spans, less discrimination towards women, less child labor, and a higher rate of literacy. DIF:2REF:23-5NAT:Analytic LOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Real GDP | Economic welfareMSC:Interpretive Sec00 – Measuring a Nation’s Income MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.

Statistics that are of particular interest to macroeconomists |a. |are largely ignored by the media. | |b. |are widely reported by the media. | |c. |include the equilibrium prices of individual goods and services. | |d. |tell us about a particular household, firm, or market. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Interpretive 2. Macroeconomists study |a. |the decisions of households and firms. | |b. |the interaction between households and firms. | |c. |economy-wide phenomena. | |d. |regulations on firms and unions. | ANS:CDIF:1REF:23-0

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Definitional 3. Which of the following newspaper headlines is more closely related to what microeconomists study than to what macroeconomists study? |a. |Unemployment rate rises from 5 percent to 5. 5 percent. | |b. |Real GDP grows by 3. 1 percent in the third quarter. | |c. |Retail sales at stores show large gains. | |d. |The price of oranges rises after an early frost. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Microeconomics | MacroeconomicsMSC:Interpretive 4.

Which of the following questions is more likely to be studied by a microeconomist than a macroeconomist? |a. |Why do prices in general rise by more in some countries than in others? | |b. |Why do wages differ across industries? | |c. |Why do production and income increase in some periods and not in others? | |d. |How rapidly is GDP currently increasing? | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Microeconomics | MacroeconomicsMSC:Interpretive 5. Which of the following topics are more likely to be studied by a macroeconomist than by a microeconomist? |a. the effect of taxes on the prices of airline tickets, the profitability of automobile-manufacturing firms, and | | |employment trends in the food-service industry | |b. |the price of beef, wage differences between genders, and antitrust laws | |c. |how consumers maximize utility, and how prices are established in markets for agricultural products | |d. |the percentage of the labor force that is out of work, and differences in average income from country to country |

ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Microeconomics | MacroeconomicsMSC:Interpretive 6. We would expect a macroeconomist, as opposed to a microeconomist, to be particularly interested in |a. |explaining how economic changes affect prices of particular goods. | |b. |devising policies to deal with market failures such as externalities and market power. | |c. |devising policies to promote low inflation. | |d. |identifying those markets that are competitive and those that are not competitive. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-0

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Microeconomics | MacroeconomicsMSC:Interpretive 7. Which of the following is not a question that macroeconomists address? |a. |Why is average income high in some countries while it is low in others? | |b. |Why does the price of oil rise when war erupts in the Middle East? | |c. |Why do production and employment expand in some years and contract in others? | |d. |Why do prices rise rapidly in some periods of time while they are more stable in other periods? | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-0

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:MacroeconomicsMSC:Interpretive 8. The basic tools of supply and demand are |a. |useful only in the analysis of economic behavior in individual markets. | |b. |useful in analyzing the overall economy, but not in analyzing individual markets. | |c. |central to microeconomic analysis, but seldom used in macroeconomic analysis. | |d. |central to macroeconomic analysis as well as to microeconomic analysis. | ANS:DDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Demand | SupplyMSC:Definitional . Which of the following statistic is usually regarded as the best single measure of a society’s economic well-being? |a. |the unemployment rate | |b. |the inflation rate | |c. |gross domestic product | |d. |the trade deficit | ANS:CDIF:1REF:23-0 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional

Sec01 – Measuring a Nation’s Income – The Economy’s Income and Expenditure MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following statements about GDP is correct? |a. |GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate of the economy’s | | |labor force. | |b. |Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money. | |c. |GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. | |d. |All of the above are correct. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-1

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 2. Gross domestic product measures two things at once: |a. |the total spending of everyone in the economy and the total saving of everyone in the economy. | |b. |the total income of everyone in the economy and the total expenditure on the economy’s output of goods and services. | |c. |the value of the economy’s output of goods and services for domestic citizens and the value of the economy’s output of | | |goods and services for the rest of the world. | |d. the total income of households in the economy and the total profit of firms in the economy. | ANS:BDIF:1REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 3. For an economy as a whole, |a. |wages must equal profit. | |b. |consumption must equal saving. | |c. |income must equal expenditure. | |d. |the number of buyers must equal the number of sellers. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Income | ExpenditureMSC:Interpretive 4. For an economy as a whole, income must equal expenditure because |a. the number of firms is equal to the number of households in an economy. | |b. |international law requires that income equal expenditure. | |c. |every dollar of spending by some buyer is a dollar of income for some seller. | |d. |every dollar of saving by some consumer is a dollar of spending by some other consumer. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Income | ExpenditureMSC:Interpretive 5. If an economy’s GDP rises, then it must be the case that the economy’s |a. |income rises and saving falls. | |b. |income and saving both rise. |c. |income rises and expenditure falls. | |d. |income and expenditure both rise. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Income | ExpenditureMSC:Interpretive 6. If an economy’s GDP falls, then it must be the case that the economy’s |a. |income falls and saving rises. | |b. |income and saving both fall. | |c. |income falls and expenditure rises. | |d. |income and expenditure both fall. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Income | ExpenditureMSC:Interpretive . Because every transaction has a buyer and a seller, |a. |GDP is more closely associated with an economy’s income than it is with an economy’s expenditure. | |b. |every transaction contributes equally to an economy’s income and to its expenditure. | |c. |the number of firms must be equal to the number of households in a simple circular-flow diagram. | |d. |firms’ profits are necessarily zero in a simple circular-flow diagram. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Income | ExpenditureMSC:Interpretive 8.

Which of the following statements about GDP is correct? |a. |GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the total expenditure on the economy’s | | |output of goods and services. | |b. |Money continuously flows from households to firms and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money. | |c. |GDP is generally regarded as the best single measure of a society’s economic well-being. | |d. |All of the above are correct. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 9.

In a simple circular-flow diagram, total income and total expenditure are |a. |never equal because total income always exceeds total expenditure. | |b. |seldom equal because of the ongoing changes in an economy’s unemployment rate. | |c. |equal only when one dollar is spent on goods for every dollar that is spent on services. | |d. |always equal because every transaction has a buyer and a seller. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:Understanding and applying economic models TOP:Circular-flow diagramMSC:Interpretive 10. In a simple circular-flow diagram, |a. |households spend all of their income. |b. |all goods and services are bought by households. | |c. |expenditures flow through the markets for goods and services, while income flows through the markets for the factors of | | |production. | |d. |All of the above are correct. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:Understanding and applying economic models TOP:Circular-flow diagramMSC:Interpretive 11. In a simple circular-flow diagram, firms use the money they get from a sale to |a. |pay wages to workers. | |b. |pay rent to landlords. | |c. |pay profit to the firms’ owners. | |d. |All of the above are correct. | ANS:DDIF:1REF:23-1

NAT:AnalyticLOC:Understanding and applying economic models TOP:Circular-flow diagramMSC:Definitional 12. In the actual economy, households |a. |spend all of their income. | |b. |divide their income among spending, taxes, and saving. | |c. |buy all goods and services produced in the economy. | |d. |Both (a) and (c) are correct. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:Understanding and applying economic models TOP:Circular-flow diagramMSC:Interpretive 13. In the actual economy, goods and services are purchased by |a. |households, but not firms or the government. | |b. |households and firms, but not the government. |c. |households and the government, but not firms. | |d. |households, firms, and the government. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-1 NAT:AnalyticLOC:Understanding and applying economic models TOP:Circular-flow diagramMSC:Interpretive Sec02 – Measuring a Nation’s Income – The Measurement of Gross Domestic Product MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. GDP is defined as |a. |the market value of all goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. | |b. |the market value of all goods and services produced by the citizens of a country, regardless of where they are living, | | |in a given period of time. | |c. the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. | |d. |the market value of all final goods and services produced by the citizens of a country, regardless of where they are | | |living, in a given period of time. | ANS:CDIF:1REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 2. Gross domestic product is defined as |a. |the quantity of all final goods and services demanded within a country in a given period of time. | |b. |the quantity of all final goods and services supplied within a country in a given period of time. |c. |the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. | |d. |Both (a) and (b) are correct. | ANS:CDIF:1REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Definitional 3. To compute GDP, we |a. |add up the wages paid to all workers. | |b. |add up the costs of producing all final goods and services. | |c. |add up the market values of all final goods and services. | |d. |take the difference between the market values of all final goods and services and the costs of producing those final | | |goods and services. ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 4. GDP adds together many different kinds of products into a single measure of the value of economic activity by using prices determined by |a. |banks. | |b. |economists. | |c. |the government. | |d. |markets. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 5. In order to include many different goods and services in an aggregate measure, GDP is computed using, primarily, |a. values of goods and services based on surveys of consumers. | |b. |market prices. | |c. |consumer and producer surpluses. | |d. |costs of producing goods and services. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 6. Gross domestic product adds together many different kinds of goods and services into a single measure of the value of economic activity. To do this, GDP makes use of |a. |market prices. | |b. |prices that government economists believe reflect the true value of goods and services to society. |c. |the assumption that quantities of goods and services produced are unchanged from year to year. | |d. |the assumption that prices of goods and services are unchanged from year to year. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 7. In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because |a. |market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years. | |b. |market prices reflect the values of goods and services. | |c. if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors. | |d. |None of the above is correct; market prices are not used in computing GDP. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 8. If the price of a DVD player is three times the price of a CD player, then a DVD player contributes |a. |more than three times as much to GDP as does a CD player. | |b. |less than three times as much to GDP as does a CD player. | |c. |exactly three times as much to GDP as does a CD player. | |d. to GDP but a CD player does not contribute to GDP. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 9. Which of the following is correct? |a. |The market value of rental housing services is included in GDP, but the market value of owner-occupied housing services | | |is not. | |b. |The market value of owner-occupied housing services is included in GDP, but the market value of rental housing services | | |is not. | |c. |The market values of both owner-occupied housing services and rental housing services are included in GDP. | |d. Neither the market value of owner-occupied housing services nor the market value of rental housing services is included | | |in GDP. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 10. The value of the housing services provided by the economy’s owner-occupied houses is |a. |included in GDP, and the estimated rental values of the houses are used to place a value on these housing services. | |b. |included in GDP, and the actual mortgage payments made on the houses are used to estimate the value of these rental | | |services. | |c. excluded from GDP since these services are not sold in any market. | |d. |excluded from GDP since the value of these housing services cannot be estimated with any degree of precision. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 11. Suppose an apartment complex converts to a condominium, so that the former renters are now owners of their housing units. Suppose further that a current estimate of the value of the condominium owners’ housing services is the same as the rent they previously paid. What happens to GDP as a result of this conversion? a. |GDP necessarily increases. | |b. |GDP necessarily decreases. | |c. |GDP is unaffected because neither the rent nor the estimate of the value of housing services is included in GDP. | |d. |GDP is unaffected because previously the rent payments were included in GDP and now the rent payments are replaced in | | |GDP by the estimate of the value of housing services. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 12. James owns two houses. He rents one house to the Johnson family for $10,000 per year. He lives in the other house.

If he were to rent the house in which he lives, he could earn $12,000 per year in rent by doing so. How much do the housing services provided by the two houses contribute to GDP? |a. |$0 | |b. |$10,000 | |c. |$12,000 | |d. |$22,000 | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 3. GDP excludes most items that are produced and sold illegally and most items that are produced and consumed at home because |a. |the quality of these items is not high enough to contribute value to GDP. | |b. |measuring them is so difficult. | |c. |the government wants to discourage the production and consumption of these items. | |d. |these items are not reported on income tax forms. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 14. Estimates of the values of which of the following non-market goods or services are included in GDP? |a. the value of unpaid housework | |b. |the value of vegetables and other foods that people grow in their gardens | |c. |the estimated rental value of owner-occupied homes | |d. |All of the above are included in GDP. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 15. Over the last few decades, Americans have chosen to cook less at home and eat more at restaurants. This change in behavior, by itself, has |a. |reduced measured GDP. |b. |not affected measured GDP. | |c. |increased measured GDP only to the extent that the value of the restaurant meals exceeded the value of meals previously | | |cooked at home. | |d. |increased measured GDP by the full value of the restaurant meals. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 16. Over time, people have come to rely more on market-produced goods and less on goods that they produce for themselves. For example, busy people with high incomes, rather than cleaning their own houses, hire people to clean their houses.

By itself, this change has |a. |caused measured GDP to fall. | |b. |not caused any change in measured GDP. | |c. |caused measured GDP to rise. | |d. |probably changed measured GDP, but in an uncertain direction; the direction of the change depends on the difference in | | |the quality of the cleaning that has resulted. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 17. Ralph pays someone to mow his lawn, while Mike mows his own lawn. Regarding these two practices, which of the following statements is correct? a. |Only Ralph’s payments are included in GDP. | |b. |Ralph’s payments as well as the estimated value of Mike’s mowing services are included in GDP. | |c. |Neither Ralph’s payments nor the estimated value of Mike’s mowing services is included in GDP. | |d. |Ralph’s payments are definitely included in GDP, while the estimated value of Mike’s mowing services is included in GDP | | |only if Mike voluntarily provides his estimate of that value to the government. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 18.

If Susan switches from going to Speedy Lube for an oil change to changing the oil in her car herself, then GDP |a. |necessarily rises. | |b. |necessarily falls. | |c. |will be unaffected because the same service is produced in either case. | |d. |will be unaffected because car maintenance is not included in GDP. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 19. Which of the following is not included in GDP? |a. |carrots grown in your garden and eaten by your family | |b. carrots purchased at a farmer’s market and eaten by your family | |c. |carrots purchased at a grocery store and eaten by your family | |d. |More than one of the above is not included in GDP. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 20. A professional gambler moves from a state where gambling is illegal to a state where gambling is legal. Most of his income was, and continues to be, from gambling.

His move |a. |necessarily raises GDP. | |b. |necessarily decreases GDP. | |c. |doesn’t change GDP because gambling is never included in GDP. | |d. |doesn’t change GDP because in either case his income is included. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 21. If a state made a previously-illegal activity, such as gambling or prostitution, legal, then, other things equal, GDP |a. |necessarily decreases. | |b. |necessarily increases. | |c. |doesn’t change because both legal and illegal production are included in GDP. | |d. doesn’t change because these activities are never included in GDP. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 22. Which of the following is included in GDP? |a. |medical marijuana purchased from a government-run pharmacy by a glaucoma patient | |b. |recreational marijuana purchased from a drug dealer by a college student | |c. |recreational marijuana produced and consumed by a man in his attic | |d. All of the above are included in GDP. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 23. Marijuana is an illegal good and broccoli is a legal good. Which of the following statements is true? |a. |Darin grows and sells marijuana to Lisa. When Darin and Lisa get married, GDP falls. | |b. |Darin grows and sells marijuana to Lisa. When Darin and Lisa get married, GDP rises. | |c. |Darin grows and sells broccoli to Lisa. When Darin and Lisa get married, GDP falls. | |d. |Darin grows and sells broccoli to Lisa. When Darin and Lisa get married, GDP rises. ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 24. Spots, Inc. produces ink and sells it to Write on Target, which makes pens. The ink produced by Spots, Inc. is called |a. |an inventory good. | |b. |a transitory good. | |c. |a preliminary good. | |d. |an intermediate good. | ANS:DDIF:1REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Intermediate goodsMSC:Definitional 25. Which of the following statements is correct? |a. |The value of intermediate goods is always included in GDP. | |b. The value of intermediate goods is included in GDP only if those goods were produced in the previous year. | |c. |The value of intermediate goods is included in GDP only if those goods are added to firms’ inventories to be used or | | |sold at a later date. | |d. |The value of intermediate goods is never included in GDP. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Interpretive 26. Grapes are |a. |always counted as an intermediate good. | |b. |counted as an intermediate good only if they are used to produce another good, such as wine. | |c. counted as an intermediate good only if they are consumed. | |d. |counted as an intermediate good, whether they are used to produce another good or consumed. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Intermediate goodsMSC:Applicative 27. Gasoline is considered a final good if it is sold by a |a. |gasoline station to a bus company that operates a bus route between San Francisco and Los Angeles. | |b. |pipeline operator to a gasoline station in San Francisco. | |c. |gasoline station to a motorist in Los Angeles. | |d. |All of the above are correct. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:Intermediate goodsMSC:Applicative 28. A steel company sells some steel to a bicycle company for $150. The bicycle company uses the steel to produce a bicycle, which it sells for $250. Taken together, these two transactions contribute |a. |$150 to GDP. | |b. |$250 to GDP. | |c. |between $250 and $400 to GDP, depending on the profit earned by the bicycle company when it sold the bicycle. | |d. |$400 to GDP. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Applicative 9. Al’s Aluminum Company sells $1 million worth of aluminum to Shiny Foil Company, which uses the aluminum to make aluminum foil. Shiny Foil Company sells $4 million worth of aluminum foil to households. The transactions just described contribute how much to GDP? |a. |$1 million | |b. |$3 million | |c. |$4 million | |d. $5 million | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Applicative 30. One bag of flour is sold for $1. 00 to a bakery, which uses the flour to bake bread that is sold for $3. 00 to consumers. A second bag of flour is sold to a consumer in a grocery store for $2. 00. Taking these three transactions into account, what is the effect on GDP? |a. |GDP increases by $2. 00. | |b. |GDP increases by $3. 00. | |c. |GDP increases by $5. 00. | |d. |GDP increases by $6. 00. | ANS:CDIF:3REF:23-2

NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Analytical 31. Suppose there are only two firms in an economy: Cowhide, Inc. produces leather and sells it to Couches, Inc. , which produces and sells leather furniture. With each $1,000 of leather that it buys from Cowhide, Inc. , Couches, Inc. produces a couch and sells it for $3,000. Neither firm had any inventory at the beginning of 2006. During that year, Cowhide produced enough leather for 20 couches. Couches, Inc. bought 80% of that leather for $16,000 and promised to buy the remaining 20% for $4,000 in 2007.

Couches, Inc. produced 16 couches during 2006 and sold each one during that year for $3,000. What was the economy’s GDP for the 2006? |a. |$48,000 | |b. |$52,000 | |c. |$64,000 | |d. |$68,000 | ANS:BDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Analytical 32.

Suppose there are only two firms in an economy: Rolling Rawhide produces rawhide and sells it to Chewy Chomp, Inc. , which uses the rawhide to produce and sell dog chews. With each $2 of rawhide that it buys from Rolling Rawhide, Chewy Chomp, Inc. produces a dog chew and sells it for $5. Neither firm had any inventory at the beginning of 2007. During that year, Rolling Rawhide produced enough rawhide for 1000 dog chews. Chewy Chomp, Inc. bought 75% of that rawhide for $1500 and promised to buy the remaining 25% for $500 in 2008. Chewy Chomp, Inc. produced 750 dog chews during 2007 and sold each one during that year for $5.

What was the economy’s GDP for 2007? |a. |$3750 | |b. |$4250 | |c. |$5250 | |d. |$5750 | ANS:BDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Analytical 33.

In 2007, Corny Company grows and sells $2 million worth of corn to Tasty Cereal Company, which makes corn flakes. Tasty Cereal Company produces $6 million worth of corn flakes in 2007, with sales to households during the year of $4. 5 million. The unsold $1. 5 million worth of corn flakes remains in Tasty Cereal Company’s inventory at the end of 2007. The transactions just described contribute how much to GDP for 2007? |a. |$4. 5 million | |b. |$6 million | |c. |$6. million | |d. |$8 million | ANS:BDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Analytical 34. The total sales of all firms in the economy for a year |a. |equals GDP for the year. | |b. |is larger than GDP for the year. | |c. |is smaller than GDP for the year. | |d. |Any of the above is possible. | ANS:BDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDP | Intermediate goodsMSC:Analytical 35.

Which of the following domestically produced items is not included in GDP? |a. |a bottle of shampoo | |b. |a hairdryer | |c. |a haircut | |d. |All of the above are included in GDP. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 36. Which of the following is not included in GDP? |a. |a can of bug spray | |b. the services of an exterminator | |c. |the honey produced and sold by a beekeeper | |d. |All of the above are included in GDP. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 37. Gross domestic product includes all |a. |legal and illegal goods, but it excludes all legal and illegal services. | |b. |legal and illegal goods and all legal and illegal services. |c. |legal goods and services, but it excludes illegal goods and services. | |d. |legal and illegal goods and legal services, but it excludes illegal services. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 38. Transactions involving items produced in the past, such as the sale of a 5-year-old automobile by a used car dealership or the purchase of an antique rocking chair by a person at a yard sale, are |a. |included in current GDP because GDP measures the value of all goods and services sold in the current year. | |b. included in current GDP but valued at their original prices. | |c. |not included in current GDP because GDP only measures the value of goods and services produced in the current year. | |d. |not included in current GDP because these items have no current value. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 39. Which of the following events would cause GDP for 2007 to increase? |a. |In February 2007, Amanda sells a 1996 Honda Accord to Isabella. | |b. |In February 2007, Amanda buys a ticket to visit a zoo in Florida. She visits the zoo in April 2007. |c. |In December 2007, Isabella eats onions that she harvested from her backyard garden in October 2007. | |d. |All of the above are correct. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 40. Until recently, George lived in a home that was newly constructed in 2005. In 2005, he paid $200,000 for the brand new house. He sold the house in 2006 for $225,000. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the sale of the house? |a. |The 2006 sale increased 2006 GDP by $225,000 and had no effect on 2005 GDP. | |b. The 2006 sale increased 2006 GDP by $25,000 and had no effect on 2005 GDP. | |c. |The 2006 sale increased 2006 GDP by $225,000; furthermore, the 2006 sale caused 2005 GDP to be revised upward by | | |$25,000. | |d. |The 2006 sale affected neither 2005 GDP nor 2006 GDP. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 41. Tyler and Camille both live in Oklahoma. A new-car dealer in Oklahoma bought a new car from the manufacturer for $18,000 and sold it to Tyler for $22,000. Later that year, Tyler sold the car to Camille for $17,000.

By how much did these transactions contribute to U. S. GDP for the year? |a. |$18,000 | |b. |$22,000 | |c. |$39,000 | |d. |$57,000 | ANS:BDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Analytical 42.

Consider two cars manufactured by Chevrolet in 2007. During 2007, Chevrolet sells one of the two cars to Sean for $24,000. Later in the same year, Sean sells the car to Kati for $19,000. The second automobile, with a market value of $30,000, is unsold at the end of 2007 and it remains in Chevrolet’s inventory. The transactions just described contribute how much to GDP for 2007? |a. |$24,000 | |b. |$43,000 | |c. $54,000 | |d. |$73,000 | ANS:CDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Analytical 43. Which of the following is included in U. S. GDP? |a. |the value of production by an American working in Morocco | |b. |the value of production by a Moroccan working in the U. S. | |c. |Both (a) and (b) are correct. | |d. |Neither (a) nor (b) is correct. ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 44. Anna, a U. S. citizen, works only in Germany. The value she adds to production in Germany is included |a. |in both German GDP and U. S. GDP. | |b. |in German GDP, but it is not included in U. S. GDP. | |c. |in U. S. GDP, but it is not included in German GDP. | |d. |in neither German GDP nor U. S. GDP. | ANS:BDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 45. An American company operates a fast food restaurant in Romania.

Which of the following statements is accurate? |a. |The value of the goods and services produced by the restaurant is included in both Romanian GDP and U. S. GDP. | |b. |One-half of the value of the goods and services produced by the restaurant is included in Romanian GDP, and the other | | |one-half of the value is included in U. S. GDP. | |c. |The value of the goods and services produced by the restaurant is included in Romanian GDP, but not in U. S. GDP. | |d. |The value of the goods and services produced by the restaurant is included in U. S. GDP, but not in Romanian GDP. ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 46. Quality Motors is a Japanese-owned company that produces automobiles; all of its automobiles are produced in American plants. In 2007, Quality Motors produced $20 million worth of automobiles, with $12 million in sales to Americans, $6 million in sales to Canadians, and $2 million worth of automobiles added to Quality Motors’ inventory. The transactions just described contribute how much to U. S. GDP for 2007? |a. |$12 million | |b. $14 million | |c. |$20 million | |d. |$34 million | ANS:CDIF:3REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Analytical 47. Which of the following items is included in U. S. GDP? |a. |goods produced by foreign citizens working in the United States | |b. the difference in the price of the sale of an existing home and its original purchase price | |c. |known illegal activities | |d. |None of the above is included in U. S. GDP. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 48. Which of the following items is included in U. S. GDP? |a. |final goods and services that are purchased by the U. S. federal government | |b. |intermediate goods that are produced in the U. S. ut that are unsold at the end of the GDP accounting period | |c. |goods and services produced by foreign citizens working in the U. S. | |d. |All of the above are included in U. S. GDP. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Interpretive 49. Which of the following items is included in U. S. GDP? |a. |the estimated value of production accomplished at home, such as backyard production of fruits and vegetables | |b. |the value of illegally-produced goods and services | |c. the value of cars and trucks produced in foreign countries and sold in the U. S. | |d. |None of the above is included in U. S. GDP. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 50. Which of the following is not included in U. S. GDP? |a. |unpaid cleaning and maintenance of houses | |b. |services such as those provided by lawyers and hair stylists | |c. the estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing | |d. |production of foreign citizens living in the United States | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 51. Which of the following values would be included in U. S. GDP for 2006? |a. |the rent that John, an American citizen, would have paid on his home in New York in 2006 had he not owned that home | |b. the rent that Sarah, an American citizen, paid on her apartment in San Francisco in 2006 | |c. |the value of the legal services provided by Carlos, an attorney and a Mexican citizen, who lived in Houston and | | |practiced law there in 2006 | |d. |All of the above would be included in U. S. GDP for 2006. | ANS:DDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 52.

Which of the following examples of production of goods and services would be included in U. S. GDP? |a. |Samantha, a Canadian citizen, grows sweet corn in Minnesota and sells it to a grocery store in Canada. | |b. |Ian, an American citizen, grows peaches for his family in the back yard of their Atlanta home. | |c. |Leo, an American citizen, grows marijuana in his Seattle home and sells it to his friends and neighbors. | |d. |None of the above examples of production would be included in U. S. GDP. | ANS:ADIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 3. Which of the following transactions adds to U. S. GDP for 2006? |a. |In 2006, Ashley sells a car that she bought in 2002 to William for $5,000. | |b. |An American management consultant works in Mexico during the summer of 2006 and earns the equivalent of $30,000 during | | |that time. | |c. |When John and Jennifer were both single, they lived in separate apartments and each paid $750 in rent. John and | | |Jennifer got married in 2006 and they bought a house that, according to reliable estimates, could be rented for $1,600 | | |per month. | |d. |None of the above transactions adds to U.

S. GDP for 2006. | ANS:CDIF:2REF:23-2 NAT:AnalyticLOC:The study of economics and definitions of economics TOP:GDPMSC:Applicative 54. Which of the following transactions adds to U. S. GDP for 2006? |a. |In 2006, Marvin Windows manufactures 20 windows that will eventually be installed in an office building in Minneapolis. | | |The windows remain in Marvin’s inventory at the end of 2006. | |b. |An Irish marketing consultant works in Boston during the summer of 2006 and earns $30,000 during that time. | |c.

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