Medical Terminology Ch. 1-3

Select the abbreviation that would NOT appear in a history and physical examination report.
a) ROS
b) CC
c) HIPAA
d) HPI
c) HIPAA
Anesthesia is defined as:
condition of being without feeling/sensation
With bradycardia, there is a:
condition of a slow heart
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Which suffix means the process of using an instrument to examine?
-scopy
The prefix that means after or behind is:
post-
Which word means inflammation of the lungs?
pneumonitis
Vertebrae means:
spinal column bones?
What is the plural form of apex?
apices
In the word intraheptic, the prefix intra- means ____ the liver.
within
The surgeon performed a laryngectomy on the:
larynx
Pericardial means pertaining to ____ the heart.
around
The plural of the Latin word bronchus is:
bronchi
A gastroscopy is the process of:
using an intrument to examine the stomach
The definition of tachycardia is a condition:
of a fast heart
HIPAA assures the patient that his/her medical information is:
secure
The word part -sub is a:
prefix meaning below/under
The physician describes the purpose of the surgery to the patient and informs the patient of the …
alternatives, risks, possible outcomes and complications
The plane that divides the body into top and bottom sections is the ___ plane.
transverse
A patient with a cancerous tumor may seek treatment for his condition from a physician whose specialty is ____.
oncology
The integumentary system includes disease of the ____.
skin
The predicted outcome of a disease is the ____.
prognosis
The front of the body is known as the anterior or ____ section.
ventral
The word lateral pertains to the ____ of a structure.
side
The part of anatomy that internally divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity is the ____.
diaphragm
The region of the abdominopelvic area that is centered and inferior to the umbilical region is the ____ region.
hypogastric
Lying on the posterior part of the body is being in the ____ position.
suppine
If medicine describes a disease as having an etiology that is unknown, the disease is said to be ____.
idiopathic
If an infant is born with cerebral palsy from too little oxygen to the brain while in the uterus or during delivery, this disease is categorized as ____.
congenital
A stethoscope would be used to perform which part of the physical examination?
auscultation
Which is an example of a physician extender?
physician’s assistant (PA), nurse practitioner (NP), certified nurse midwife (CNM), certified registered nurse anesthetics (CRNA)
An example of a symptom would be ____.
elevated temperature, coughing, tremors
Moving from the head towards the tail bone is going in a ____ direction.
caudad or inferior
The opposite direction from distal is ____.
proximal
Otolaryngology is a branch of medicine specializing in diseases and conditions of the ____.
ear, throat, nose
The part of the stomach that is superior to the pylorus is the:
pylorus-body-fundus-cardia
Which word is misspelled?
a) ascites
b) ilius
c) cirrhosis
d) hemorrhoids
ilius
Swallowing food is known by the medical name of:
deglutition
The portion of the biliary tree that transports bile fro the gallbladder to the common bile duct is the:
cystic duct
The medical word emesis means:
process of vomiting
Steatorrhea is a symptom of:
pancreatic disease, cancer, cystic fibrosis
A single hernia pouch in the muscular wall of the colon is spelled:
diverticulum
When a physician palpates the abdomen and documents, “No hepatomegaly,” this means that there is no:
enlargement of the liver
An EGD would include viewing which of the following:
esophagus, stomach, duodenum
A patient with a disease of which organ will have a low level in the blood of the protein albumin?
liver
Which word describes a characteristic of a hepatoma?
An inguinal hernia would appear in the area of the:
groin
Which is an appropriate drug to treat GERD?
noxium
Which is the abbreviation for a type of feeding tube?
NG tube
A patient had a colonoscopy for complaints of bouts of diarrhea, cramping, and abdominal pain. The colonscopy revealed no visualized abnormalities. The most likely diagnosis for the patient is:
virus? gastritis
Which of the following is a pre-cancerous condition?
a) liver cirrhosis
b) diverticulosis
c) colonic polyps
d) ulcerative colitis
c) colonic polyps

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