Mid-term Music Appreciation

Mid-term Music Appreciation

Affections in baroque usage refers to
emotional states or moods of music.
The middle baroque was characterized by
a diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.
The ____________ is a short instrumental composition based on a hymn tune to remind the congregation of the hymn’s melody.
chorale prelude
The middle baroque was characterized by
the growing importance of instrumental music.
Which of the following characteristics best describe the baroque style?
Affections, focus on form and structure
A bass part together with numbers that specify the chords to be played above it is called
figured bass.
Terraced dynamics refers to
the sudden alternation from one dynamic level to another.
Presenting the subject of a fugue from right to left, or beginning with the last and proceeding backward to the first note, is called
retrograde.
A musical ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart is a
trill.
A type of polyphonic composition based on one main theme is a
fugue.
A popular keyboard instrument in which sound was produced by means of brass blades striking the strings was the
clavichord.
The early baroque was characterized by
homophonic texture.
The early baroque was characterized by
homophonic texture.
The concerto grosso most often has three movements whose tempo markings are
fast, slow, fast.
The word movement in music normally refers to
a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition.
The middle baroque was characterized by
a diffusion of the style into every corner of Europe.
Transitional sections of a fugue that offer either new material or fragments of the subject or countersubject are called
episodes.
Which of the following statements is not true?
– Early baroque composers favored homophonic texture over the polyphonic texture typical of Renaissance music.
– Regardless of form, baroque music often features contrasts between elements of sound.
– The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.
– Baroque art is a complex mixture of rationalism, sensuality, materialism, and spirituality.
The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.
One of the most revolutionary periods in music history, known for a dramatic rise in the use of dissonance, was the
early baroque.
Composers in the middle baroque phase favored writing compositions for instruments of the ____________ family.
violin
Baroque melodies often are
elaborate and ornamental.
____________ is a musical idea repeated over and over in the bass while melodies above it constantly change.
Basso ostinato
Monteverdi spent the greater part of his career in
St. Mark’s, Venice.
The early and late baroque periods differed in that composers in the late baroque
favored polyphonic texture.
____________ is a musical procedure in which a fugue subject is imitated before it is completed.
Stretto
Which of the following statements is not true?
– Baroque art is a complex mixture of rationalism, sensuality, materialism, and spirituality.
– Early baroque composers favored homophonic texture over the polyphonic texture typical of Renaissance music.
– Regardless of form, baroque music often features contrasts between elements of sound.
– The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.
The late baroque period was one of the most revolutionary periods in music history.
References
In addition to being a composer and opera impresario, Handel was a virtuoso
organist.
The early baroque was characterized by
homophonic texture.
The middle baroque was characterized by
the growing importance of instrumental music.
Members of the Camerata wanted to create a new vocal style based on the
music of the ancient Greek tragedies.
Which of the following statements is not true?
– A concerto grosso normally involves two to four soloists, and anywhere from eight to twenty or more musicians for the tutti.
– The first and last movements of concerti grossi are often in ritornello form, a form that features the alternation between tutti and solo sections.
– A concerto grosso presents a contrast of texture between the tutti and the soloists, who assert their individuality and appeal for attention through brilliant and fanciful melodic lines.
– A concerto grosso normally involves a large group of soloists accompanied by an equal number of supporting players.
A concerto grosso normally involves a large group of soloists accompanied by an equal number of supporting players.
In the baroque period, the ordinary citizen’s opportunities for hearing music usually came from the
church.
A bass part together with numbers that specify the chords to be played above it is called
figured bass.
Baroque melodies give the impression of
dynamic expansion.
Degrees of loudness and softness in music are called
dynamics
The very high-pitched tones that are produced when a string player lightly touches certain points on a string are called
harmonics
If a string player uses vibrato — rocking of the left hand to produce small pitch fluctuations — it is because
vibrato makes the tone warmer and more expressive.
The relative highness or lowness of a sound is called
pitch.
The Italian dynamic markings traditionally used to indicate very soft, loud, and very loud are (respectively)
pianissimo, forte, and fortissimo.
When a performer emphasizes a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it, it is called a
dynamic accent
Sharp or flat signs immediately following the clef sign at the beginning of the staff are collectively called the
key signature
The lowest woodwind instrument in the orchestra is the
contrabassoon
When two or more melodies of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
polyphonic
The distance between the lowest and highest tones a voice or instrument can produce is called
pitch range
The dominant chord is the triad built on the _________ step of the scale.
fifth
The distance in pitch between any two tones is called
an interval
Timbre is synonymous with
tone color
The organization of beats into regular groups is called
meter
A shift from one key to another within the same composition is called
modulation
We know little about the music of very ancient civilizations because
hardly any notated music has survived from these cultures.
A _______ is placed at the beginning of a staff to show the exact pitch of each line and space.
clef
A series of chords is called a(n)
progression
Forward motion, conflict, and change of mood are produced through
contrast
The frequency of vibrations is measured in
cycles per second
When two or more melodic lines of equal interest are performed simultaneously, the texture is
polyphonic
A consonance is a combination of tones that
is considered stable and restful.
The first, or stressed, beat of a measure is known as the
downbeat
When a melodic idea is presented by one voice or instrument and then restated immediately by another voice or instrument, the technique is called
imitation.
The central key around which a musical composition is organized is called the _________ key.
tonic
While professional singers can command a pitch range of two octaves or more, an untrained voice is usually limited to about
an octave and a half
An outstanding composer of the ars nova was
Guillaume de Machaut.
The intellectual movement called humanism
focused on human life and its accomplishments.
Pope Gregory the Great
reorganized the Catholic church liturgy during his reign from 590 to 604.
Which of the following was an important innovation of the Notre Dame composers in the Middle Ages?
Measured rhythm
An outstanding composer of the ars nova
Guillaume de Machaut.
Reorganizer of the Catholic liturgy
Pope Gregory I
A famous French woman troubadour
Beatriz de Dia
A major composer of the school of Notre Dame
Perotin
Abbess and composer active in the twelfth century
Hildegard de Bingen
Gregorian chant
is monophonic in texture.
An estampie is a medieval
dance
Leonin and Perotin are notable because they
+ indicated definite time values and a clearly defined meter in their music.
+ are the first important composers known by name.
+ were the leaders of the school of Notre Dame.
The earliest known composers to write music with measured rhythm were
Leonin and Perotin.
The phrase Middle Ages refers to the period of European history spanning
450-1450.
One of the major characteristics of ars nova music is its use of
syncopation
Which of the following is not true of Gregorian chant?
+ The melodies tend to move stepwise within a narrow range of pitches.
+ Its rhythm is flexible, without meter.
+ It conveys a calm, otherworldly quality.
+ It is usually polyphonic in texture.
It is usually polyphonic in texture.
The first large body of secular songs that survives in decipherable notation was composed
during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
Gregorian chant melodies tend to move
stepwise within a narrow range of pitches.
Which of the following is not a part of the mass ordinary?
Ave Maria
The ars nova or new art differed from older music in that
a new system of notation permitted composers to specify almost any rhythmic pattern.
medieval music consisting of Gregorian chant and one or more additional lines
organum
wandering minstrels of the Middle Ages
jongleurs
poet-musicians of the French nobility
trouveres
early double-reed woodwind instrument
shawm
plucked string instrument with pear-shaped body and usually a bent neck and fretted fingerboard
lute
Latin term meaning fixed melody, referring to a chant that is used as the basis for polyphony
cantus firmus
Scales consisting of seven different tones, whose patterns are different from the major and minor scales
church modes
melody sung without accompaniment
chant
text portions of the Roman Catholic mass which remain the same each day
mass ordinary
text portions of the Roman Catholic mass which change from day to day
mass proper
A new system of music notation that allowed composers to specify almost any rhythmical pattern had evolved by the
early 14th century
The first steps in a revolution that eventually transformed western music began sometime between 700 and 900 with the
addition of a second melodic line to Gregorian chant.
Gregorian chant
+ is set to sacred Latin texts.
+retained some elements of the Jewish synagogue of the first centuries after Christ.
+ was the official music of the Roman Catholic church for more than 1,000 years.
The two types of services at which monks and nuns sang were
the office and the mass.
Beatriz de Dia was
one of a number of women troubadours.
The use of organs in church
bothered the clergy because they distracted the listeners from worship.
As a young student in Paris, Henri de Malines sang
monophonic songs in various languages.
One of the major characteristics of ars nova music is its use of
syncopation.
One function of secular music in the late Middle Ages was to provide accompaniment for
dancing.
The church frowned on instruments because of their
earlier role in pagan rites.
Cantus firmus is the term used for
a chant that is used as the basis for polyphony.
Which of the following was an important innovation of the Notre Dame composers in the Middle Ages?
Measured rhythm
The earliest extant liturgical morality play, Ordo virtutum (Play of the Virtues), was composed by
Hildegard of Bingen.
The wandering minstrels, or jongleurs, of the Middle Ages
+ performed music and acrobatics in castles, taverns, and town squares.
+ lived on the lowest level of society.
+ played instrumental dances on harps, fiddles, and lutes.
Trouvère songs of the Middle Ages dealt with all of the following subjects except
religion
polyphonic choral composition in five sections
mass
polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text
motet
strophic dancelike choral song with a fa-la refrain
ballett
stately dance in duple meter
pavane
family of bowed string instruments
viol
plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear
lute
motet for two or more choirs
polychoral motet
unaccompanied choral singing
a cappella
musical representation of specific poetic images
word painting
Renaissance music sounds fuller than medieval music because
+ composers considered the harmonic effect of chords rather than superimposing one melody above another.
+ the bass register is used for the first time.
+ the typical choral piece has four, five, or six voice parts of nearly equal melodic interest.
The Renaissance madrigal is a
piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love.
The two main forms of sacred Renaissance music are the mass and the
motet
Which of the following statements is NOT true about Renaissance instruments?
Today’s standardized orchestra came into existence.
Pope Marcellus Mass
G. P. da Palestrina
As Vesta Was Descending
Thomas Weelkes
Plaudite (Clap Your Hands)
Giovanni Gabrieli
Passamezzo and Galliard from Terpsichore
Michael Praetorius
Ave Maria . . . virgo serena
Josquin Desprez
Now Is the Month of Maying
Thomas Morley
Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass?
Alleluia
Which of the following helped to spread secular music during the Renaissance?
The development of music printing
Which of the following statements is not true of the Renaissance?
The Catholic church was even more powerful in the Renaissance than during the Middle Ages.
St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was noted for its
two widely separated choir lofts.
Unlike most Renaissance choral music, Venetian choral music of the late sixteenth century often
contained parts written exclusively for instruments.
The Renaissance motet is a
polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass.
Besides the madrigal, the ________ was another type of secular music that enjoyed popularity during the Renaissance.
lute song
The texture of Renaissance music is chiefly
polyphonic
The focal point of music in Venice was
St. Mark’s Cathedral
Which of the following statements is not true?
Josquin’s compositions strongly influenced other composers, and were praised enthusiastically by music lovers.
Josquin spent most of his life in the province of Hainaut, today a part of Belgium.
Josquin’s Ave Maria . . . Virgo serena uses polyphonic imitation, a technique typical of the period.
Josquin’s compositions include masses, motets, and secular vocal pieces.
Josquin spent most of his life in the province of Hainaut, today a part of Belgium.
Which of the following is not a part of the Renaissance mass?
Agnus Dei
Sanctus
Alleluia
Gloria
Alleluia
Which of the following statements is not true of Renaissance music?
Instrumental music became more important than vocal music during the Renaissance.
The development of the English madrigal can be traced to 1588 and considered a result of
the publication in London of a volume of translated Italian madrigals.