Mitosis and Cell Cycle Study

Cell Growth and Reproduction Study Guide The Cell Cycle Study Guide Vocabulary – Cell Cycle, Mitosis, Cytokinesis

  1. How did the G1 and G2 stages get their names?
  2. Cells must pass through a critical checkpoint during which two stages of the cell cycle?
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  4. Where does DNA synthesis happen in eukaryotic cells?
  5. What two processes make up the M stage?
  6. Among different types of cells, which stage of the cell cycle varies most in length?
  7. Why does a skin cell divide more often than a liver cell?
  8. What is G0?
  9. Write an analogy to explain why cell size is limited.
  10. Which typically increases faster as a cell grows, surface area or volume?
  11. For cells to stay the same size from generation to generation, what two things must be coordinated?
  12. Think of an example of a cycle. What does this have in common with the cell cycle?
  13. What process divides a cell’s cytoplasm? How do the two word parts of your answer help you remember it?
  14. What process divides the cell nucleus and its contents?

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Mitosis and Cytokinesis Study Guide Vocabulary: chromosome, histone, chromatin, chromatid, centromere, telomere, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase

  1. What is a chromosome?
  2. Why do chromosomes condense at the start of mitosis?
  3. Why are chromosomes not condensed during all stages of the cell cycle?
  4. Sketch how DNA goes from a long stringy form to a tightly condensed form. Label the parts of the condensed, duplicated chromosome.
  5. How does interphase prepare a cell to divide?
  6. Mitosis occurs in what types of cells?
  7. Develop a device, such as a short sentence or phrase, to help you remember the order of the steps of mitosis.
  8. Illustrate and describe the four phases of mitosis.
  9. How does cytokinesis differ between plant and animal cells?
  10. DNA wraps around organizing proteins called .
  11. The suffix –tin indicates that something is stretched and thin. Is the loose combination of DNA and proteins that looks sort of like spaghetti.
  12. Sister chromatids are held together at the which looks pinched.
  13. The ends of DNA molecules form structures called that help prevent the loss of genes. Regulation of the Cell Cycle Study Guide

Vocabulary: growth factor, apoptosis, cancer, benign, malignant, metastasize, carcinogen

  1. What regulates the cell cycle?
  2. What is apoptosis?
  3. What type of disease may result if cell division is not properly regulated?
  4. List three ways mutations can occur in genes involved in cell-cycle regulation.
  5. What does metastasize mean?
  6. What is a substance know to produce or promote the development of cancer?
  7. Draw a cartoon to help you remember the difference between benign and malignant.

Asexual Reproduction Study Guide Vocabulary: asexual reproduction, binary fission.

1. Offspring resulting from asexual reproduction and those resulting from sexual reproduction differ in one major way. What is the difference?

2. Sketch and describe the three steps of binary fission. Fill in the chart below to highlight the advantage and disadvantages of asexual reproduction. Advantages| Disadvantages|

3. | | 4. | | 5. | |

6. If a eukaryotic organism reproduces through mitosis, what is true about the offspring and the parent organism?

7. In what types of organisms is mitotic reproduction most common?

8. List three examples of mitotic reproduction. 9. What forms of reproduction does the sea anemone use?

10. Write a word that starts with the letters “bi”. Explain what is similar between the meaning of the word you wrote and the meaning of “binary fission”.

11. What is the creation of offspring form only one parent organism called?

Multicellular Life Study Guide Vocabulary: tissue, organ, organ system, cell differentiation, stem cell

  1. List the levels of organization and explain each.
  2. List two examples of tissues found in plants.
  3. List two examples of organ systems found in plants.
  4. How does an organism benefit from organ systems that work together and communicate?
  5. What is the process by which unspecialized cells develop into specialized cells?
  6. Do different types of cells have different DNA? Explain.
  7. What role does cell location play within a developing embryo?
  8. How do stem cells differentiate out into different cells?
  9. List the three identifying characteristics of stem cells.
  10. List one advantage of using adult stem cells and one advantage of using embryonic stem cells.
  11. What is cell differentiation?
  12. Write the following words in order from the largest structure to the smallest structure:

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