Modern World History: Chapter 14

Modern World History: Chapter 14

Proletariat
Working class.
Bolsheviks
Pro-communism revolutionaries. Led by Lenin, later on by Stalin. Formed the Red Army.
Lenin
Leader of the Bolsheviks. Ruthless.
Bloody Sunday
January 22, 1905. Over 200,000 workers and their families organized a petition for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and an elected national legislature. Protest ended in a massacre from the government towards the people. Several hundred died, over 1,000 were injured.
Rasputin
Medic/Shaman, aided the son of Czar Nicholas and Czarina Alexandra with his hemophilia. Gained the trust of the family. In reward, Alexandra allowed Rasputin to make political decisions.
Provisional Government
Temporary government.
Soviets
Groups of socialists revolutionaries.
Red Army
Bolshevik army.
White Army
Army against the Bolsheviks.
Communist Party
Bolshevik’s party name.
Joseph Stalin
Lenin’s successor. Stalin = “man of steel”.
Totalitarianism
Government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life.
Great Purge
Stalin’s campaign of terror against all those opposing him.
Command Economy
Economic system in which government controls all aspects of economy within a nation.
Five-Year Plans
Stalin’s plans to industrialize Russia. A total of 10 years would be dedicated towards the industrialization of Russia.
Collective Farms
Government seized over 25 million private owned farms, then combined them into one large system of farms called collective farms.
Kuomintang
Group pushing for modernization and nationalization.
Sun Yixian
First leader of the Kuomintang.
May Fourth Movement
Protests against Chinese government for unfulfillment of recuperation of Chinese past territories.
Mao Zedong
1st leader of the Chinese Communist Party.
Jiang Jieshi
Nationalist leader.
Long March
After the Communist Party faced defeat by the Nationalist Party, 100,000 communist forces fled.
Rowlatt Acts
British law over Hindu people. Laws allowed the British to imprison any protestors against the British government.
Amritsar Massacre
Massacre caused by British officials for the supposed defy of the grouping ban imposed by the British government.
Mohandas K. Gandhi
Indian independence leader.
Civil Disobedience
Hindu disobedience against all major regulations imposed by the British government within India. These include, boycotts, strikes and demonstrations, and the Salt March.
Salt March
Act against British Salt Ban, activists collected salt from the ocean and used it for personal use.
Mustafa Kemal
Led Turkish nationalists in fighting back the Greeks and their British backers.