modern world history chapter 17

united nations
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
iron curtain
Winston Churchill’s term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
containment
adopted by press. truman, it was a policy directed at blocking soviet influence and stopping the
expansion of communism
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truman doctrine
President Truman’s policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism
marshall plan
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
cold war
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
warsaw pact
The soviet union saw NATO as a threat and formed its own alliance in 1955
brinkmanship
a policy of threatening to go to war in response to any enemy aggression.
Mao Zedong
communists Chinese leader
jiang jieshi
Nationalsit chinese leader
who gave financial, military and technical aid to communist china?
Soviet Union
communes
large collective farms
The great leap forward
involved communes but was a step backward to mao zedong
Red Guards
led a major uprising know as the cultural revolution
Cultural revolution
goal to established a society of peasants and workers in which all were equal
38th parallel
line of latitude that separated North and South Korea
douglas macarthur
American general, who commanded allied troops in the Pacific during World War II.
ho chi minh
communist leader of North Vietnam
domino theory
the political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control then neighboring nations will also come under Communist control
ngo dinh diem
South Vietnam non-Communist leader
vietcong
the guerrilla soldiers of the Communist faction in Vietnam, also know as the National Liberation Front
vietnamization
President Richard Nixons strategy for ending U.S involvement in the vietnam war, involving a gradual withdrawl of American troops and replacement of them with South Vietnamese forces
khmer rouge
communist rebels in cambodia
third world
consisted of developing nations, often newly independent, who were not aligned with either superpower
nonaligned nations
third force, or independent countries
fidel castro
Communist leader of Cuba
anastasio somoza
U.S. supported Nicaraguan dictator; overthrown by Sandinistas
daniel ortega
leader of the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. He introduced Socialist reforms in Nicaragua
ayatollah
a religious leader among Shiite Muslims
nikita khrushchev
dominant soviet leader after stalin
leonid brezhnev
Soviet statesman who became president of the Soviet Union (1906-1982)
john f kennedy
President during Bay of Pigs, and Cuban Missile Crisis. Strong image icon. Creator of Civil Rights Act.
lyndon johnson
he assumed the presidency after the assassination of kennedy. commited to stopping the spread of communism
detente
A policy of reducing Cold War tensions that was adopted by the United States during the presidency of Richard Nixon.
richard nixon
President of the United States from 1969 to 1974 who followed a foreign policy marked by détente with the Soviet Union and by the opening of diplomatic relations with China. In the face of likely impeachment for the Watergate scandal, he resigned.
SALT
Strategic arms limitation talks
Ronald reagan
a fiercely anti communist us pre. moved away form detente

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