Music Appreciation

Music Appreciation

The feeling of familiarity—fostered by, among other things, reiterations of a music idea—lends a sense of unity to the music.
Composition
a very famous musician who lived between the 17th and 18th centuries and whose music remains popular to this day.
Born: 1685
Died: 1759
Period: Baroque
Country: Germany/England
Wrote See Here the Conquering Hero Comes
George Frederic Handel
Group
Ensemble
Different levels of volume
Dynamics
Different sound sources
Timbre
Resting Point
Cadential Point
T/F
Deep River is a jazz piece?
False Spiritual
The ______ acts as a bridge between the composer and the listener.
Perfomer
T/F
According to Booker T. Washington, plantation songs have nothing to do with religious fervor
False
T/F
Great performers possess outstanding technique but may not have deep musical understanding.
False
Etude in C minor , Op. 10, No. 12 has _____sections
Two
T/F
The Étude Op. 10 No. 12 in C minor by Frédéric Chopin is nicknamed Revolutionary because it started a major upheaval in Paris in 1820.
False
T/F
An understanding of form enhances and improves one’s appreciation of music.
True
T/F
Structure is important because it helps our minds begin to develop expectations about what will happen next in a piece of music.
True
T/F
Structure is not a crucial aspect of music.
False
T/F
The term étude refers to pieces that are used to teach a particular technical skill to performers.
True
T/F
Form is a way of defining the organization of a piece of music.
True
T/F
Ternary form is one of the most common forms for all styles of music.
True
T/F
Understanding form is not necessary for enhancing the appreciation of music.
False
T/F
Musical connotation happens when music is associated with extra-musical events or experiences.
True
T/F
Music only affects our feelings and thoughts.
False
T/F
Music was clinically approved as a medical treatment in 1924.
True
T/F
Absolutists derive pleasure from listening for the way that the different elements of music relate to each other, independently of any extra-musical connotations.
True
Select the culture whose mythology is filled with references to the healing power of music:
A. Greek
B. Ancient Egyptian
C. Chinese
D. All of the above
D
Perceptive listeners are mainly concerned with judging the quality of the performance of a piece of music.
True
False
F
A referential listener is a person that relates to music mainly through extra-musical connections or associations.
True
False
T
Referential listeners are the most common type of listeners.
True
False
F
The casual listener regards music mainly as a mood enhancer or as a pleasant part of the environment.
True
False
T
Which of the following is NOT true of the perceptive listener?

A. The perceptive listener attends concerts regularly
B. The perceptive listener describes music using vocabulary such as “mellow” and “upbeat”
C. The perceptive listener recognizes that music is created for many different purposes.
D. The perceptive listener is aware of the quality of the performance.

B
Music that follows an explicit story is often called program music.
True
False
T
Musical themes cannot represent real or fictional characters.
True
False
F
The critical listener combines the characteristics of all types of listeners.
True
False
F
Music that is not associated with a particular story, image, object, or event is called _________ music

A. Program
B. Referential
C. Perceptive
D. Absolute

D
A piece of folk music typically remains unchanged throughout the years.
True
False
F
According to the text, all critics agree that jazz is a subcategory of art music.
True
False
F
According to the text, it is a simple task to define the category of folk music.
True
False
F
Composers of art music create works that are passed on from generation to generation by listening, remembering, and imitating.
True
False
F
Art music is superior to folk or popular music.
True
False
F
Folk music belongs to the community even though it may have been created by an individual.
True
False
T
According to the text, Folk music, jazz music, and art music are not mutually exclusive genres.
True
False
T
Art music has traditionally been created by trained professional musicians.
True
False
T
What are the short segments played by the piano alone?

A. Blue notes
B. Improvised solo
C. Riffs
D.Only the chorus sections

C
Riffs refers to:
A. Short melodic and rhythmic patterns
B. Extremely high or low ranges of notes
C. Notes that aren’t part of the regular musical scale
D. Improvisations created in the moment by a performer
A
Jazz incorporates elements of folk music.
True
False
T
According to the text, the folk song Dark Eyes reflects the Romanian national character.
play
True
False
F
In jazz, performers have wide, creative freedom, even when they are playing from a score.
True
False
T
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates pitch.
True
False
F
The text states that __________ is the essential element in music.
A. Rhythm
B. Dynamics
C. Variety
D. Pitch
A
Just as there are quarter notes, there are quarter rests.
True
False
T
In the Western music tradition, sound is represented in written form through musical __________.
A. Pitch
B. Notation
C. Duration
D. Rhythm
B
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates both duration and pitch.
True
False
F
The value of the _____ note serves as the basis for the relative value of all the other notes.
Whole
A rest symbol indicates:
A. The remainder of the piece
B. A period of silence
C. A sustained note
D. A half note
B
A note’s duration is indicated by
A. Whether the stem is filled or not
B. Whether the note head is filled or not and the number of stems on the flag
C. Whether the note head is filled or not and the number of flags on the stem
D. The number of flags on the stem
C
Which of the two following statements is true?
A. Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms.
B. Time values in music are expressed in relative terms.
B
Time values in music are expressed in absolute terms.
True
False
F
A long string, if plucked really hard, will vibrate faster and thereby produce a higher pitch than a shorter string.
True
False
F
Vibration may be represented in terms of frequency. The basic unit of frequency is called the Hertz. What does one Hertz represent?
A. One cycle per minute
B. Number of strings per second
C. High frequencies per second
D. One cycle per second
D
The audible frequency spectrum in humans ranges between:
A. 16 and 20,000 Hertz
B. 4,100 and 20,000 Hertz
C. 20 and 40,000 Hertz
D. 27.5 and 4,100 Hertz
A
The frequency of the lowest sound that the normal human ear can perceive ranges between 16 and 20 Hertz.
True
False
T
It is very important to recognize that pitch is a relative concept.
True
False
T
Each line and space on the staff represents a different:

A. Pitch
B. Duration
C. Level of volume
D. Timbre

A
The collection of parallel lines and spaces on which notes are written is called notation.
True
False
F
The staff is a system of:

A. Five lines and four spaces
B. Five lines and five spaces
C. Five lines and six spaces
D. Four lines and four spaces

A
In the Western music tradition, a note symbol (i.e., its shape) indicates duration.
True
False
T
A note at the bottom of the staff has a higher pitch than a note at the top of the staff.
True
False
F
In musical notation, pitch is indicated exclusively by:

A. The shape of the notes on the staff
B. The position of the symbol on the pitch
C. The position of notes on the lines and spaces of the staff
D. The length of each line and space on the staff

C
When all the notes in the octave are played one after the other in order, they create what is known as a _____.
Scale
If you take any pitch on the keyboard, the next occurrence of the same letter name going towards the right (up) will vibrate:

A. At twice the speed minus the square root of the first pitch.
B. At 256 Hz minus the harmonic of the first pitch
C. Half as fast
D. Twice as fast

D
The interval between any two adjacent C’s on the keyboard is called a/an ______.
Octave
We refer to specific pitches or tones with letter names using the letters A through G.
True
False
T
The pitch letter names correspond to:

A. The white and black keys on a piano keyboard
B. The white keys on a piano keyboard
C. The black keys on a piano keyboard
D. Alternate white and black keys on a piano keyboard

B
The black key to the right of the A on this keyboard can be called A sharp or B ______.
Flat
If the frequency of the C in the middle is 256 Hz, the corresponding frequencies on either side of that C are:

A. 128 Hz on the one to the right, and 512 Hz on the one to the left
B. 64 Hz on the one to the right, and 512 Hz on the one to the left
C. 512 Hz on the one to the right, and 128 Hz on the one to the left
D. 1024 Hz on the one to the right, and 512 Hz on the one to the left

C
The name of the white key in between the group of two black keys on the keyboard is:

A. E
B. D
C. A
D. C

B
The black key to the right of G is called G _____.
Sharp
The two notes of an octave sound exactly the same due to the simple relationship of their frequencies.
True
False
F
Ascending and descending intervals are calculated:

A. Exactly the same
B. Differently because one goes upwards and the other downwards
C. Taking into account white and black keys.
D. Carefully considering ascending or descending frequencies

A
The distance between two pitches is called a/an ______ .
Interval
Which of the following is a true statement?

A. A synonym for distance is octave
B. The fifth is a kind of octave
C. Interval is the name of a particular octave size
D. Octave is the name of a particular interval size

D
The distance between D and A (above that D) is a:

A. Third
B. Sixth
C. Fifth
D. Fourth

C
Volume and dynamics are interchangeable terms.
True
False
T
Composers started marking their scores with instructions about dynamics:

A. At the beginning of the 19th century
B. Well into the 17th century
C. Well into the 18th century
D. Starting around the middle of the 16th century

B
As a musical concept, dynamics covers only the overall loudness or softness of a piece of music.
True
False
F
Among other factors, composers started writing dynamic markings in their scores because:

A. New instruments allowed for more dynamic ranges and contrast.
B. They weren’t influenced by new developments in instrument construction.
C. They wanted to copy the Italians.
D. There had to be a way to make Italian performers incorporate dynamic changes in their playing.

A
Aside from Carmina Burana (1937), Carl Orff is widely known for:

A. Compositions based on folk music from his native Bavaria
B. His work in music education
C. Creating works for films and advertising
D. Advocating a clear separation between the dramatic and the musical, especially in his later works

B
For the most part, pianists and harpsichordists don’t have direct contact with the strings of their instruments. Therefore, they manipulate sound through a ______ mechanism.
Keyboard
A pianist’s skill in manipulating volume is usually referred to as the performer’s _____ .
Touch
Despite being a great composer, Richard Wagner did not succeed in creating great operas.
True
False
F
Percussion players produce more or less volume by changing bow pressure and speed.
True
False
F
Timbre is often referred to as _________ color.

A. Sensory
B. Organizing
C. Tone
D. Vibrating

C
This is the familiar image of a traditional drum set. According to instrument classification by sound source, which of the following groups are represented here?

A. Idiophones and membranophones
B. Membranophones and chordophones
C. Aerophones and chordophones
D. Chordophones and idiophones

A
The song Dark Eyes is sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment. This type of vocal group is called what?
A capella
The Entry Chorus from Nabucco by Giuseppe Verdi is sung by a chamber choir.

True
False

F
The aria Lucevan le Stelle is from the opera Gianni Schicci by Giacomo Puccini.

True
False

F
The soprano register lies between the alto and tenor vocal ranges.
True
False
F
The English madrigal is characterized by:

A. Having religious connotations
B. The intensity and intimacy of the choral writing
C. Usually being sung by large choral groups
D. Texts with no double meanings or hidden implications

B
What is NOT the role of the conductor in a traditional symphony orchestra?

A. Keeps everyone playing in a synchronized way
B. Tries to make sure that everyone is playing in a balanced way
C. Makes sure that, when appropriate, players improvise their parts correctly
D. Shapes the sound of a composition

C
Which of the following is not a decision about interpretation that the conductor of a symphony orchestra makes?

A. Whether to play a passage quickly or slowly
B. Whether to play a passage loudly or softly
C. Whether to use a modern or old-fashioned baton
D. How to shape a musical phrase

C
According to the text, traditional symphony orchestra musicans are permited to improvise their parts
True
False
F
A traditional symphony orchestra can sometimes have more than 100 players.
True
False
T
The sole function of the conductor is to beat time
True
False
F
The harp may be a part-time fifth member of the orchestral strings.
True
False
T
__________ is an instrumental technique that, in the case of string players, consists of a quick back and forth movement or rocking of the finger that is in contact with the string, with the intent of producing a fluctuation in pitch.

A. Vibration
B. Vibraphone
C. Vibrancy
D. Vibrato

D
The main orchestral string instruments are:

A. Violin, viola, harp, and cello
B. Violin, viola, cello, and double bass
C. Violin, cello, double bass, and guitar
D. Violin, cello, harp, and guitar

B
The text states that guitars are strummed or __________.

A. Bowed
B. Plucked
C. Struck
D. Beaten

B
How does a violinist control dynamics?

A. By applying more or less pressure on the fingerboard with the left hand
B. By applying more or less bow pressure and speed on the strings
C. By eliminating vibrato technique
D. By playing close to the bridge

B
What do you call a piece of music where a violin soloist plays with an orchestra?

A. Symphony
B. Chamber music
C. Ensemble
D. Violin concerto

D
The sound of string instruments is produced by a _____ stretched between two points.
String
Which of the following is NOT a way to produce sound in string instruments?

A. Plucking
B. Bowing
C. Strumming
D. Blowing

D
The four main orchestral woodwind instruments are:

A. Flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon
B. Clarinet, horn, recorder, and flute
C. Flute, clarinet, recorder, and oboe
D. Oboe, clarinet, flute, and horn

A
In wind instruments, sound is produced by setting a column of air in motion inside the body of the instrument.
True
False
T
The energy with which a player produces the air stream determines __________.

A. Speed
B. Volume
C. Timbre
D. Pitch

B
Identify the correct pair of double reed instruments:

A. Clarinet, Flute
B. Oboe, Bassoon
C. Bassoon, Clarinet
D. Oboe, Clarinet

B
Identify the single reed instrument:

A. Clarinet
B. Oboe
C. Flute
D. Bassoon

A
The French technical term for “mouthpiece” is la bouche.
True
False
F
Which of the following is a member of the brass family?

A. Bass trombone
B. Bassoon
C. English horn
D. Clarinet

A
The four most common brass instruments in the traditional symphony orchestra are:

A. Trumpet, saxophone, bassoon, and tuba
B. Trombone, trumpet, tuba, and saxophone
C. Horn, tuba, trumpet, and saxophone
D. Trombone, trumpet, horn, and tuba

D
The name trombone is derived from the Italian term for trumpet.
True
False
T
Which of the following factors contribute to brass instruments having a “brassy” timbre?

A. The instruments are made out of metal.
B. The flared bell that all of them have at the end
C. The vibration of the player’s lips on the mouthpiece
D. All of the above

D
In brass instruments, pitch depends on the _____ of the air column.
Length
The name of this instrument is:

A. Electric drums
B. Digital drums
C. Rhythm box
D. Metronome

B
Kettledrum is another name for timpani.
True
False
T
Scholars have been able to determine the origin of the xylophone with absolute certainty.
True
False
F
Percussion instruments where two similar objects are clapped together to produce a sound can be further classified under the ______ group.
Idiophones
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the indefinite pitch group?

A. Timpani
B. Tambourine
C. Cymbals
D. Triangle

A
Which of the following instruments does NOT belong in the definite pitch group:

A. Xylophone
B. Marimba
C. Cymbals
D. Chimes

C
Castanets are non-pitched instruments.
True
False
T
Keyboard instruments are sometimes part of the orchestra.
True
False
T
The term controller refers to:

A. The performer of an electronic instrument
B. The shape of a synthesizer
C. The piano pedals
D. The device used to select pitch in an electronic instrument

D
The term concerto refers to a performer playing by her/himself.
True
False
F
Construction and sound production are the same among keyboard instruments.
True
False
F
The synthesizer is a very easy instrument to categorize.
True
False
F
The type of music event where a soloist plays by her/himself is called a __________.

A. Solo
B. Recital
C. Practice
D. Concerto

B
Please select the word pair that best completes the following sentence.
When a harpsichordist depresses a key, a simple mechanism causes a __________ to __________ a string.

A. Hammer; strike
B. Quill; pluck
C. Column of air; vibrate
D. Controller; strum

B
All harpsichords use one string per key to produce sound.
True
False
F
The harpsichord was used as an accompanying instrument in opera only in the 16th century.
True
False
F
The first known instance of a harpsichord dates from:

A. Around 1397
B. Around 1497
C. Around 1597
D. Around 1697

A
Upon its invention, the fortepiano eclipsed the popularity of the harpsichord:

A. For the next 350 years
B. For the next 200 years
C. Only during the 18th century
D. The fortepiano has been more popular ever since

B
The upright piano was first developed in:

A. London, England
B. Paris, France
C. Philadelphia, USA
D. Boston, USA

C
There are ___ keys in a full size piano keyboard.
88
The one-piece cast-iron frame, a crucial development in the history of the piano, was invented by:

A. Bartolomeo Cristofori of Florence, Italy in 1709
B. Alpheus Babcock of Boston, USA in 1825
C. Sebastian Erard of Paris, France in 1821
D. John Broadwood of London, England around 1760

B
When performing, pianists are in direct contact with the source of the sound.
True
False
F
The pedals are a crucial component of the piano. The function of the soft pedal is to reduce the amount and quality of the sound. On an upright piano, the soft pedal:

A. Moves the hammers closer to the strings
B. Shifts keyboard mechanism sideways
C. Shifts control of the sound duration from the hands to the feet of the performer
D. Lifts all the felt dampers above the strings

A
In the organ, pipe length determines:

A. Volume
B. Pitch
C. Duration
D. Timbre

B
In the organ, volume is determined by:

A. Wind pressure
B. How fast the organist depresses the keys
C. Width of the pipes
D. Length of the pipes

A
The function of the organ’s stops is to:

A. Control the manuals
B. Control the flow of air to the pipes
C. Help pipes sustain vibrato
D. Help pedals function properly

B
The first organ used water to control wind pressure.
True
False
T
Please select the word pair that best completes the following sentence.
The organ is a ____________instrument, whose tone is produced by wind flowing through ____________.

A. Keyboard, Pipes
B. Percussion, Pipes
C. Wind, Tubes
D. Keyboard, Hammers

A
The synthesizer has virtually no standard repertoire.
True
False
T
What is the function of the amplifier?

A. It controls timbre.
B. It amplifies loudness.
C. It filters sound.
D. It controls electric current input to the synthesizer.

B
The sound source of a the synthesizer is an oscillator.
True
False
T
Identify the false statement:

A. The synthesizer generates sounds electronically.
B. Synthesizers have always had a well-established presence in standard ensembles.
C. On the synthesizer, timbre and volume depend on the waveform.
D. Synthesis refers to creating sounds electronically from electronically generated waveforms.

B
Since the synthesizer is an electronic instrument, oscillation is not a factor in sound generation.
True
False
B
3/4
The top number of the time signature above, represents:

A. There are three measures in a bar.
B. There are three beats in each measure.
C. There are three beats in each pulse.
D. Each beat is worth three quarters of a note.

B
Where are tempo markings usually written in a music score?

A. Below the first staff
B. To the left of the staff
C. Over the staff
D. At the far end of each bar

C
The Italian term that describes very fast tempo is:

A. Allegro
B. Presto
C. Vivace
D. Allegretto

B
The rhythmic “surprise” created by accents occurring in unexpected places in the following example is called…

A. Changing meter
B. Accelerando
C. Rubato
D. Syncopation

D
__________ is an Italian term that describes moderately fast tempo

A. Largo
B. Moderato
C. Adagio
D. Allegro

B
Tempo is an Italian universal musical term that refers to the speed at which a music composition is played.
True
False
T
The proper musical term for ‘decreasing the tempo’ is __________.

A. Decrescendo
B. Lento
C. Rubato
D. Ritardando

D
The proper musical term for “increasing the tempo” is __________.

A. Accelerando
B. Lento
C. Crescendo
D. Increscendo

A
Meter organizes _________ and __________ sounds into units called measures.

A. Rhythmic : melodic
B. Harmonic : dynamic
C. Stressed : unstressed
D. Rhythmic : harmonic

C
Which of the following is a false statement?

A. Tempo and rhythm are interchangeable terms.
B. The Italian terms for tempo cover variations in speed from slow to fast.
C. Tempo rubato is Italian for “stolen time”.
D. Tempo primo may be used to indicate a return to the original tempo.

A
The Italian term for at ease is:

A. Andante
B. Allegro
C. Adagio
D. Moderato

C
Each measure contains a combination of strong and weak __________, which represent the underlying ____________ of the music.

A. Beats : melody
B. Beats : pulse
C. Harmonies : pulse
D. Harmonies : beats

B
Meter in music can best be described as:

A. The speed of the pulse at the start of a piece
B. The grouping of pulses into consistent units
C. The way performers count to establish rhythm
D. The way rhythmic patterns are used to create exciting music

B
Rhythm is defined as:

A. The beat in music
B. The organization of pitches in space
C. The organization of sound in time
D. The way music moves

C
Syncopation is often used in jazz settings.
True
False
T
If the printed program at a concert indicated that the first movement of a symphony was titled Allegro and the second Andante, you would expect:

A. The first movement to be of moderate speed, the second faster
B. The first movement to be fast, the second slower
C. The first movement to be of moderate speed, the second slower
D. Both movements would be of the same speed, but the second more cheerful than the first

B
A melody consists of a succession of:

A. Pitches
B. Timbres
C. Rhythms
D. Textures

A
The characteristics of a melody may be best described in terms of:

A. Tempo, height, and texture
B. Shape, direction, and range
C. Meter, accent, and timbre
D. Key, mode, and balance

B
When a melody acquires significant importance within a given composition, it is called a:

A. Section
B. Theme
C. Wide-ranging melody
D. Transition

B
The term harmony refers to the horizontal aspect of music.
True
False
F
Two simultaneous pitches of the same letter name and pitch (e.g., C, G, or D) constitute a harmony.
True
False
F
Consonant harmonies usually provide a feeling of tension.
True
False
F
This music example illustrates a chord played one note after another. This is called:

A. Sliding
B. Arpeggio
C. Plucking
D. Bowing

B
Musical texture refers to how melody and harmony relate to each other.
True
False
T
Which of the following terms does not refer to a basic musical texture?

A. Monophony
B. Homophony
C. Cacophony
D. Polyphony

C
Which of the following choices is the defining characteristic of polyphony?

A. The presence of many melodic lines of music regardless of their relationship
B. The independence and equality of concurrent melodic lines
C. The interrelation of melodic lines played in unison
D. The sequential arrangement of separate melodic lines

B
In general, operatic arias of the Romantic period, for example those by Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924), provide good examples of homophonic music.
True
False
T
The musical texture that consists of a single melody without accompaniment is called:

A. Homophony
B. Polyphony
C. Monophony
D. Solophony

C
According to the text, in rondo form, the repeating themes are separated by:

A. Strophes
B. Variations
C. Rondos
D. Contrasting episodes

D
Form can be defined as the constructive or organizing element in music.
True
False
T
Usually, folk tunes, songs, spirituals, and hymns are not good examples of strophic form.
True
False
F
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of repetition?

A. Rondo form
B. Theme and variations
C. Binary form
D. Strophic form

C
Composers and arrangers can introduce some elements of variation in a piece of music without altering its basic form.
True
False
T
Which of the following forms is not based on the principle of contrast?

A. Binary form
B. Strophic form
C. Ternary form
D. All forms are based on the principle of contrast

B
Léonin and Pérotin were two composers associated with Notre Dame and the development of polyphony.
True
False
T
Which of the following is NOT a chant of the Proper of the Mass?

A. Sederunt Principes
B. Introit
C. Gradual
D. Offertory

A
The two most important French composers of organum and discant during the Medieval period were:

A. Marcabru of Gascony and Pérotin
B. Pérotin and Bertrand de Born
C. Léonin and Pérotin
D. Léonin and Marcabru de Gascony

C
A unifying factor for social, political, and cultural life in the Medieval period was…

A. The Roman Empire
B. The School of Notre Dame
C. A wide interest in secular song
D. The Roman Catholic Church

D
A feature of this example suggests it is from the early part of the Medieval period. That feature is:

A. Monophonic texture
B. Sung by a female voice
C. Duple Meter
D. Homophonic texture

A
Guido d’Arezzo wrote The Fundamentals of Music, a very important medieval treatise (essay).
True
False
F
Which of the following is a distinguishing characteristic of sacred music from the Medieval period?

A. Instrumental accompaniment and duple meter
B. Homophonic texture and melodies with wide intervals
C. Strong rhythms and disjunct melodies
D. Smooth melodies sung a cappella

D
Which of the following is a salient characteristic of secular music from the Medieval period?

A. Unaccompanied vocal solos
B. Slow tempos with unmeasured rhythms and monophonic texture
C. Strong, dance-like rhythms performed by a combination of instruments and voices
D. Smooth melodies sung a cappella moving at a very lively pace

C
Which of the following were secular genres in the Medieval period?

A. Ballades and minnesingers
B. Motets and liturgical dramas
C. Rondeaus, ballades, and lai
D. Conductus and plainchant

C.
Goliards are famous for their inspired performances during the services at the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos in Spain.
True
False
F
Which 8th- and 9th-century ruler had a profound influence on Church music?

A. Pope Gregory I
B. Charlemagne
C. Hildegard von Bingen
D. Julius Caesar

B
The great European churches and cathedrals of the Medieval period were important to the development of Western music
True
False
T
In the early days of the church, the only music allowed during the service was:

A. Virelai music
B. Goliard music
C. Vocal music
D. Atonal music

C
The dates for the Medieval period are generally considered to be:

A. 1100 – 1400 AD
B. 1050 – 1275 AD
C. 1150 – 1450 AD
D. 1450 – 1600 AD

C
Which of the following were sacred genres in the Medieval period?

A. Anthems and ballades
B. Masses and motets
C. Cantus firmus and virelai
D. Organum and madrigals

B
Which of the following were important composers in the Medieval period?

A. Anicius Boethius and Guido d’Arezzo
B. Troubadour and Pope Gregory I
C. Hildegard von Bingen and Guillaume de Machaut
D. Schoenberg and Berg

C
Which of the following was regarded as a leading composer of the Ars Nova style?

A. Guillaume de Machaut
B. Léonin
C. Hildegard von Bingen
D. Guido d’Arezzo

A
Most of the notated music that survives from the Medieval period is secular in nature.
True
False
F
Anicius Boethius invented a system that made possible the memorization and written transmission of melodies.
True
False
F
Who is credited with the creation of plainsong?

A. Pope Gregory I
B. Guido d’Arezzo
C. Bernart de Ventadorn
D. Anicius Boethius

A
Which of the following events occurred in America during the time period known as the Renaissance?

A. American Revolution
B. Columbus discovered “The New World.”
C. Westward Expansion and building of railroads
D. Civil War

B
During the Renaissance, what was the name composers gave to the original chant used as the basis for the main melody in a composition?

A. Madrigal
B. A cappella
C. Cantus firmus
D. Chanson

C
According to the text, the Renaissance period was known as:

A. The Golden Age of Choral Music
B. The Golden Age of Sacred Music
C. The Golden Age of Instrumental Music
D. The Golden Age of Homophonic Music

A
Two important composers from the Renaissance period were:

A. von Bingen and de Machaut
B. Copernicus and Michelangelo
C. Desprez and Palestrina
D. Gutenberg and Byrd

C
Which of the following was NOT a popular form during the Renaissance period?

A. a cappella Masses
B. Motets
C. Madrigals
D. Plainsong

D
Renaissance artists didn’t really care very much if their works appealed to the public at large; they were more concerned about the “purity” of their music.
True
False
F
Which would be the most likely composer of this example?

A. George Frideric Handel
B. Antonio Vivaldi
C. Henry Purcell
D. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

D
Which of the following is a composition for an orchestral ensemble?

A. lied
B. sonata
C. symphony
D. string quartet

C
We can say that the melody in the following example is typical of the Classical period because it is:

A. Stepwise, flowing, and continuous
B. Long and flowing
C. Angular, jagged, and atonal
D. Short, symmetrical, and balanced

D
Which Classical genre is represented by this example?

A. Cantata
B. Chamber music
C. Opera buffa
D. Solo sonata

B
The texture of the following example from the Classical period can best be described as:

A. Polyphonic
B. Homophonic
C. Monophonic
D. Mixed monophonic and polyphonic

B
Which genre is represented by this example?

A. Symphony
B. Concerto
C. Piano quintet
D. Piano sonata

A