Music Listening – 20th century

In music, the early twentieth century was a time of
stagnation.
disinterest.
the continuation of old forms.
revolt and change.
revolt and change.
T/F Twentieth-century music follows the same general principles of musical structure as earlier periods.
false
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of
Igor Stravinsky’s Les Noces.
Richard Wagner’s Siegfried.
Arnold Schoenberg’s Gurrelieder.
Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.
Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.
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All of the following composers worked in the early years of the twentieth century except
Claude Debussy.
Hector Berlioz.
Igor Stravinsky.
Arnold Schoenberg.
Hector Berlioz
Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from
All answers are correct.
the music of Asia and Africa.
European art music from the Middle Ages through the nineteenth century.
folk and popular music from all cultures.
All answers correct
Twentieth-century composers incorporated elements of folk and popular music within their personal styles because
All answers are correct.
they were attracted to the unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns.
it made their music more commercially viable.
it simplified technical problems of musical composition.
they were attracted to the unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns.
A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land was
Igor Stravinsky.
Samuel Barber.
Béla Bartók.
Claude Debussy.
Bela Bartok
Which of the following composers was not stimulated by the folklore of his native land?
Anton Webern.
Igor Stravinsky.
Charles Ives.
Béla Bartó
Anton Webern.
In twentieth-century music
string players are sometimes called on to use
the wood instead of the hair on their bows.
percussion instruments have become very prominent and numerous.
All answers are correct.
dissonance has been emancipated.
All correct
The glissando, a technique widely used in the twentieth century, is
the combination of two traditional chords sounding together.
a chord made up of tones only a half step or a whole step apart.
a rapid slide up or down a scale.
a motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.
a rapid slide up or down a scale.
In modern music
noiselike and percussive sounds are often used.
All answers are correct.
uncommon playing techniques have become normal.
instruments are played at the very top or bottom of their ranges.
All answers correct
A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to
“sing” a beautiful melody.
play important cadenzas in slow movements.
provide a nucleus for the orchestra similar to the baroque basso continuo.
add a percussive edge.
Add a percussive edge
Which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?
Atonality
Tonic- dominant harmonies
Bitonality
Polytonality
Tonic – Dominant harmonies
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as
bitonality.
a tone cluster.
polytonality.
a polychord.
A polychord
A fourth chord is
the chord built on the fourth step of the scale.
All answers are correct.
a chord in which the tones are a fourth apart, instead of a third.
a combination of four tones.
a chord in which the tones are a fourth apart, instead of a third.
A chord made of tones only a half step or a whole step apart is known as
a tone cluster.
polytonality.
a polychord.
bitonality.
tone cluster
Striking a group of adjacent keys on a piano with the fist or forearm will result in
polytonality.
a polychord.
a jammed keyboard.
a tone cluster.
tone cluster
To create fresh sounds, twentieth-century composers used
scales borrowed from nonwestern cultures.
ancient church modes.
scales they themselves invented.
All answers are correct.
All answers correct
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called
expanded tonality.
polytonality.
twelve-tone.
atonality.
polytonality
The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as
polytonality.
atonality.
a tone cluster.
ostinato.
atonality
Using all twelve tones without regard to their traditional relationship to major or minor scales, avoiding traditional chord progressions, is known as
atonality.
bitonality.
polytonality.
freetonality.
atonality
The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by
Arnold Schoenberg.
Aaron Copland.
Igor Stravinsky.
Claude Debussy.
Arnold Schoenberg.
The use of two or more contrasting and independent rhythms at the same time is known as
polytonality.
ostinato.
polyrhythm.
jazz.
Polyrhythm
motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section.
polytonality.
atonality.
ostinato.
glissando.
Ostinato
Recordings of much lesser-known music multiplied in 1948 through
the appearance of long-playing disks.
government grants.
audience insistence for new works.
demand created by radio stations.
the appearance of long-playing disks.
Radio broadcasts of live and recorded music began to reach large audiences during the
1920s.
1900s.
1960s.
1940s.
1920s
The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti’s
The Telephone.
Trouble in Tahiti.
Turandot.
Amahl and the Night Visitors.
Amahl and the Night Vistors
Composers from which area rose to importance during the Twentieth Century?
Latin America.
Canada.
Saudi Arabia
Northern Europe.
Latin America
Which of the following countries did not produce an important composer in the Twentieth Century?
Argentina
Ecuador
Mexico
Brazil
Ecuador
One of the most important teachers of musical composition in the twentieth century was
Amy Beach.
Igor Stravinsky.
Nadia Boulanger.
Sergei Diaghilev.
Nadia Boulanger
The most influential organization sponsoring new music after World War I was
the United Federation of Musicians.
the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
the National Broadcasting Company and its orchestra.
the International Society for Contemporary Music.
the International Society for Contemporary Music.
During the first quarter of the Twentieth Century many composers left Russia because of
the violence of the Russian Revolution.
the death of the Czar.
more accepting audiences elsewhere.
lack of funds for them to live on.
the violence of the Russian Revolution.
Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in
England.
France.
Austria.
Bohemia.
France
The most important impressionist composer was
Claude Debussy.
Béla Bartók.
Richard Wagner.
Arnold Schoenberg.
Claude Debussy.
The term impressionist derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to Impression: Sunrise, a painting by
Camille Pissarro.
Auguste Renoir.
Claude Debussy.
Claude Monet.
Claude Monet.
When viewed closely, impressionist paintings are made up of
fine lines.
large bands of color.
tiny black dots.
tiny colored patches.
tiny colored patches.
Impressionist painters were primarily concerned with the effect of light, color, and
atmosphere.
clarity.
detail.
rhythm.
atmosphere
he impressionist painters were particularly obsessed with portraying
battle scenes.
water.
religious scenes.
scenes of ancient glories.
water
Which of the following is not considered a symbolist poet?
Paul Verlaine
Arthur Rimbaud
Stéphane Mallarmé
Victor Hugo
Victor Hugo
Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet
Jean Paul Sartre.
Arthur Rimbaud.
Paul Verlaine.
Stéphane Mallarmé.
Paul Verlaine
A dramatic turning point in Debussy’s career came in 1902 when
his opera Pelléas et Mélisande was premiered.
he went to Bayreuth to hear Wagner’s music.
he went to Italy to study.
he undertook a series of concert tours.
his opera Pelléas et Mélisande was premiered.
Which of the following characteristics is not usually associated with impressionism?
Misty atmosphere
Symbolism
Clearly delineated forms
Fleeting mood
Clearly delineated forms
Debussy’s music tends to
affirm the key very noticeably.
have a strong sense of tonality.
sound free and almost improvisational.
use the full orchestra for massive effects.
sound free and almost improvisational.
Impressionism in music is characterized by
All answers are correct.
an adherence to traditional harmonic chord progressions.
a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity.
the recurrence of strong accents on the downbeat.
a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity.
In order to “drown the sense of tonality,” Debussy
developed the whole-tone scale.
All answers are correct.
borrowed pentatonic scales from Javanese music.
turned to the medieval church modes.
All answers are correct.
A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a ________ scale.
pentatonic
Gypsy
whole-tone
octatonic
whole-tone
Father of 12-tone system
Schoenberg
Sprechstimme
1/2 talking 1/2 singing
A survivor from Warsaw, story?
Program piece: Tells story of Nazi treatment and murder of Jews in occupied Poland. use of Sprechstimme
Jazz music form
usually themes and variations A A’ B A (say first line, repeat first line, say explanation about first two lines)
(place) center of Jazz
New Orleans
New Orleans style aka …..
“Dixieland”
singing but not singing the words
Scat singing
Most famous trumpeter in Dixieland
Louis Armstrong
dissonance chord
unstable; its tensions demanded onward motion

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