Music Listening: The 20th Century

Using all twelve tones without regard to their traditional relationship to major or minor scales, avoiding traditional chord progressions, is known as
atonality
In order to “drown the sense of tonality,” Debussy
turned to the medieval church modes,
borrowed pentatonic scales from Javanese music
developed the whole-tone scale.
Impressionism in music is characterized by
a stress on tone color, atmosphere, and fluidity.
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The term impressionist derived from a critic’s derogatory reaction to Impression: Sunrise, a painting by
Claude Monet
Which of the following countries did not produce an important composer in the Twentieth Century?
Ecuador
Which of the following statements is not true?
Twentieth-century music follows the same general principles of musical structure as earlier periods
Recordings of much lesser-known music multiplied in 1948 through
the appearance of long-playing disks
The impressionist painters were particularly obsessed with portraying
water
Which of the following characteristics is not usually associated with impressionism?
Clearly delineated forms
When viewed closely, impressionist paintings are made up of
tiny colored patches
The technique of using two or more tonal centers at the same time is called
polytonality
One of the most important teachers of musical composition in the twentieth century was
Nadia Boulanger
Which of the following statements is not true?
The impressionist painters were particularly obsessed with portraying scenes of ancient French glories
Debussy’s music tends to
sound free and almost improvisational
The most important impressionist composer was
Claude Debussy
In music, the early twentieth century was a time of
revolt and change
Which of the following is not an alternative to the traditional organization of pitch used by twentieth-century composers?
Tonic- dominant harmonies
The combination of two traditional chords sounding together is known as
polychord
The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as
atonality
A great twentieth-century composer who was also a leading scholar of the folk music of his native land was
Bela Bartok
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of
Igor Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring
Composers in the twentieth century drew inspiration from
folk and popular music from all cultures,
the music of Asia and Africa,
European art music from the Middle Ages throughthe 19th century
Impressionist painters were primarily concerned with the effect of light, color, and
atmosphere
A fourth chord is
a chord in which the tones are a fourth apart, instead of a third
The first significant atonal pieces were composed around 1908 by
Arnold Schoenberg
In twentieth-century music
string players are sometimes called on to use the wood instead of the hair on their bows.
dissonance has been emancipated.
percussion instruments have become very prominent and numerous.
During the first quarter of the Twentieth Century many composers left Russia because of
the violence of the Russian Revolution
The most influential organization sponsoring new music after World War I was
the International Society for Contemporary Music
The glissando, a technique widely used in the twentieth century, is
a rapid slide up or down a scale
The first opera created for television was Gian-Carlo Menotti’s
Amahl and the Night Visitors
Which of the following composers was not stimulated by the folklore of his native land?
Anton Webern
A dramatic turning point in Debussy’s career came in 1902 when
his opera Pelléas et Mélisande was premiered
Twentieth-century composers incorporated elements of folk and popular music within their personal styles because
they were attracted to the unconventional rhythms, sounds, and melodic patterns
Which of the following is not considered a symbolist poet
Victor Hugo
To create fresh sounds, twentieth-century composers used
scales borrowed from nonwestern cultures.
ancient church modes.
scales they themselves invented.
All answers are correct
Ostinato refers to a
motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section
All of the following composers worked in the early years of the twentieth century except
Hector Berlioz
Composers from which area rose to importance during the Twentieth Century?
Latin America
A chord made of tones only a half step or a whole step apart is known as
tone cluster
Which of the following statements is not true?
Composers in the early twentieth century drew inspiration only from serious art music and their own intellect, ignoring popular and folk music
A scale made up of six different notes each a whole step away from the next is called a ________ scale
whole-tone
Radio broadcasts of live and recorded music began to reach large audiences during the
1920s
The use of two or more contrasting and independent rhythms at the same time is known as
polyrhythm
A motive or phrase that is repeated persistently at the same pitch throughout a section is called
ostinato
In modern music
noiselike and percussive sounds are often used.
uncommon playing techniques have become normal.
instruments are played at the very top or bottom of their ranges.
All answers correct
Impressionist painting and symbolist poetry as artistic movements originated in
France
Many of Debussy’s songs are set to poems by the symbolist poet
Paul Verlaine
Striking a group of adjacent keys on a piano with the fist or forearm will result in
tone cluster
Among the unusual playing techniques that are widely used during the twentieth century is the _______, a rapid slide up or down a scale.
glissando
A piano is often used in twentieth-century orchestral music to
Add a percussive edge

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