Party Eras in American History

Party Eras in American History

1796-1824
the 1st party system, Federalists was 1st party, supported by capitalists.
1828-1856
JACKSON & DEMOCRATS VS WHIGS

-DEMOCRATS DOMINATED included westerners southerners new immigrants, settled in America. DOMINATED

-WHIGS, included industrialists and southern planters

1860-1928
THE 2 REPUBLICAN ERAS
-Main issue=slavery. Main ELECTION issue= eceonomy.
-Republican dominated and won both elections
1860 Election Details
Proved to be realigning election only formed 6 years before in 1854. Became majority with victory on the Lincoln Hamlin Ticket.
1932-1964
NEW DEAL COALITION
-Forged by democrats dominated 1930-1960

-Basic elements= urban working class, ethnic groups, Catholics and Jews, poor southerners, blacks, intellectuals.

1968-Present
SOUTHERN REALIGNMENT/ERA OF DIVIDED PARTY GOVERNMENT
1987 Southern Delegates
77 of 116 House seats and 6 of 22 senate seats were from GOP.
2009 Southeastern Delegates
70 of 131 house seats and 15 of 22 senate seats were from GOP
Divided Government
One party controls White House and other party controls one or both houses of congress.

-Both houses of congress and presidency have been controlled by state senate party for 14 of 44 years from 1969-2012

Party Realignment
People separating from parties which means smaller party identification, more and more people disagree with platforms.
Political Party
a team of men or woman and men who wants to control how governments run and try to win through elections.
How Parties Work
1.) Linkage institutions: connecting citizens 2 government
2.) Run candidates for office
3.) Inform people- help them decide who to vote for
4.) Organize government= plan government policy making
Political Socialization
-Factors that influence persons decision
-GROUP IDENTIFICATION: People in different social groups tend to share certain opinion.