PH101: Quiz 1

Which of the following is true of determinants of health?
a. They reflect underlying forces that are at work in the subsequent development of disease
b. Each determinant has sufficient evidence of contributory cause
c. One determinant is operating to bring about each disease
d. If a pathogenic organism (e.g., a virus) can be shown to cause a disease, then no other determinants are relevant
A
Which of the following are true statements about relative risk?
Select one:
a. Relative risk indicates what percentage of the people exposed to the risk factor will get the disease.
b. Relative risk indicates the likelihood of developing the disease if exposed to the risk factor, compared to the likelihood of developing the disease if not exposed.
c. A and B
d. Neither A nor B
B
An association between populations that eat more fish and a lower mortality rate from coronary heart disease in the same population would establish which of the following?
Select one:
a. A group association that may be helpful in generating a hypothesis about the relationship between fish consumption and coronary heart disease.
b. An individual association establishing that eating fish is associated with coronary artery disease.
c. A cause and effect relationship between fish consumption and coronary heart disease.
d. None of the above
A
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What is the primary role that an ecological study plays in establishing contributory cause?
Select one:
a. Group association
b. Individual association
c. “Cause” precedes the “effect”
d. Altering the “cause” alters the “effect”
A
What is the primary role that a natural experiment plays in establishing contributory cause?
Select one:
a. Group association
b. Individual association
c. “Cause” precedes the “effect”
d. Altering the “cause” alters the “effect”
D
The following is true of primary prevention:
Select one:
a. It may be accomplished by preventing exposure through creation of barriers.
b. It may be accomplished by increasing resistance to the condition.
c. It may be accomplished by removing the presence of the cause.
d. All of the above
D
Which of the following is NOT true of the history of public health?
Select one:
a. Widespread interventions to prevent disease date back to ancient times.
b. Public health has existed as a defined field for over 400 years.
c. The number of health issues considered to be public health problems have grown considerably over time.
d. Interventions focused on sanitation and hygiene preceded development of the germ theory of disease.
B
In an effort to reduce high blood pressure, a new intervention reduces high blood pressure by adding a new salt substitute to a range of foods. This is an example of which of the following types of public health strategies?
Select one:
a. A high-risk strategy
b. A population strategy
c. An approach aimed at improving the average
d. A and C
e. B and C
E
Choose the type of intervention that best matches the following situation:
Vaccination for meningococcal meningitis is required of all entering students.
Select one:
a. Primary Intervention – Education
b. Primary Intervention – Obligation
c. Secondary Intervention – Education
d. Secondary Intervention – Motivation
e. Tertiary Intervention – Education
f. Tertiary Intervention – Obligation
B
Choose the type of intervention that best matches the following situation:
A physician recommends that her diabetic patient eats a healthy “diabetic diet” and takes prescribed insulin regularly to prevent complications.
Select one:
a. Primary Intervention – Education
b. Primary Intervention – Obligation
c. Secondary Intervention – Education
d. Secondary Intervention – Motivation
e. Tertiary Intervention – Education
f. Tertiary Intervention – Obligation
E
Choose the type of intervention that best matches the following situation:
An asymptomatic patient over 50 years old is offered a test to detect colon cancer. If he completes the test, the cost of his health insurance will be reduced.

Select one:
a. Primary Intervention – Education
b. Primary Intervention – Obligation
c. Secondary Intervention – Education
d. Secondary Intervention – Motivation
e. Tertiary Intervention – Education
f. Tertiary Intervention – Obligation

D
What classification of determinant best matches the following statement?
Proper use of condoms during sexual intercourse has been demonstrated to decrease the risk of HIV transmission.
Select one:
a. Behavior
b. Genetics
c. Geography
d. Socioeconomic-cultural
A
A small proportion of individuals do not develop active HIV infection despite repeated unprotected sexual exposure.
Select one:
a. Behavior
b. Genetics
c. Geography
d. Socioeconomics
B

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