Political Science Chapter 3

__________ describes the strategy of delegating a policy program to a lower level of government.
Devolution
A federal grant for states to afford increasing health care facilities would be an example of a:
categorical grant
A state government’s authority to regulate the safety, health, and morals of its citizens is called ___________ power.
police
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A source of implied powers under the Constitution is the ___________ clause.
Necessary and proper
Chartering a bank is a __________ power, because both federal and state government have the authority to do it.
concurrent
Federal officials seeking to give state government more authority are most likely to support:
block grants
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) was important because:
it established the supremacy of the national government in all matter affecting interstate commerce
If the federal government compels state governments to obey costly regulations but does not reimburse those costs, it is called a:
unfunded mandate
In a federal system, governmental responsibilities are:
shared by both state and federal authorities
The federal system can be best defined as:
a system of government in which power is divided between a national government and lower levels of government.
The principle of ________ gives the federal government the power to override any state of local law in one particular are of policy.
preemption
The specific powers granted to the national government in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution are called:
Expressed powers
The term marble cake federalism is meant to refer to what development?
intergovernmental cooperation blurring the lines between different layers of government
Under the traditional system of American federalism – the era of dual federalism:
most of the fundamental governing in the United States was done by state governments
Using block grants to return power to the states was part of the Nixon and Reagan administrations’:
New Federalism
What constitutional clause affirms that national laws and treaties, made under the authority of the Constitution, are the supreme law of the land?
the supremacy clause
What is the main purpose behind the privileges and immunities clause of Article IV of the Constitution>
It prevents states from discriminating against nonresidents.
What is the purpose of the Tenth Amendment?
to limit the powers of the central government by establishing reserved powers for states and individuals
What was a major reason that the slogan “states’ rights” became tarnished in the 1950s and 1960s?
It had been used by southern opponents of the civil rights movement to support racial segregation.
What was the overall importance of the Supreme Court case McCulloch v. Maryland?
The Court interpreted implied powers for Congress broadly, creating the potential for increased national powers.
When the federal governments set environmental standards that every state must follow, it is an example of:
regulated federalism
When the national governments funds a project that is actually implemented by the states, it is an example of:
cooperative federalism
Which constitutional amendment has been used to restrict the scope of authority by the federal government over the states?
Tenth
Which constituional clause has been central in debates over gay and lesbain marriage?
the full faith and credit clause
Which event was most influential in the rise of a more active national government?
The Great Depression
Which level of government writes the majorit of criminal laws?
The state governments
Which of the foloowing powers do state governments NOT have?
the power to coin their own money
Which of the following statements best describe the discussion of local government found in the Constitution?
Local government has no status in the Constitution.
Which of the following statements describe the history of American federalism?
Throughout American history, there has been considerable debate about the allocation of responsibilities between the states and the federal government.
Why was the Supreme Court case United States v. Lopez important?
It was the first time since the New Deal that the Supreme Court limited the Congress outlined under the commerce clause.
Local Governments are not mentioned anywhere in the U.S Constituiton
True
The Antifederalists feared an overly strong central government under the new Constitution
True
The Constitution guarantees that a state cannot discriminate against someone from another state.
True
The New Deal led to the weakening of the national government’s powers.
False
The Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Lopez expaned the power of Congress outlined in the commerce clause
False

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